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Saturday October 17, 2020

Symptoms of excess vitamin D .. 6 main effects of excess vitamin D in the body

The symptoms of excess vitamin D may be dangerous, and some of them can be treated if the condition does not worsen much, and the excess of vitamin D occurs when obtaining it from nutritional supplements, and vitamin D is very important for good health, and it plays several roles in maintaining the health of body cells and working the way it should. , Such as calcium absorption, support for immune function, protection of bones, muscles and heart health, and it is found in the body originally, but it needs sunlight to activate it, and it can be obtained from foods such as fatty fish.[1]

Symptoms of excess vitamin D

The symptoms of excess vitamin D appear due to taking supplements that contain much higher amounts of vitamin D than what is mentioned on the label, but obtaining vitamin D from its natural sources or from the sun cannot be more than the needs of the body, and here are the main side effects of increasing vitamin D. :[1]

  • High blood levels, causing toxic symptoms such as vomiting.
  • High levels of calcium in the blood: This leads to digestive problems, such as stomach pain.
  • Poor appetite, vomiting, and nausea.
  • Stomach pain, diarrhea, or constipation.
  • Bone loss due to a conflict with vitamin K.
  • Kidney failure due to vitamin D injection.

Vitamin D excess treatment

Treatment for excess vitamin D begins with the immediate treatment of hypercalcemia resulting from intoxication with vitamin D (hypervitamin D), as soon as the level of calcium in the blood exceeds 14 mg / dL, and the treatment includes:[2]

  • Avoid external sources of vitamin D.
  • Avoid sources of calcium and phosphorous in the diet.
  • Intravenous hydration with infusion of saline does not contain calcium.
  • Take loop diuretics to help remove calcium from the body.
  • Use of drugs (glucocorticoids, calcitonin, and bisphosphonates) to manage vitamin D toxicity.
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Damage to increasing the dose of vitamin D for children

Doctors recommend that the daily dose for children under the age of one year be at least 400 units, and for children and adolescents, it is best to have at least 600 units per day.

Babies, even with breastfeeding, may need vitamin D supplements, but medical instructions should be followed. Because increasing it causes the following complications:

  • Calcium levels increase to toxic levels, and this leads to kidney stones, and heart rhythm problems.
  • Vomiting.
  • Weak appetite.
  • Constipation.
  • General weakness.
  • Weight loss.[3]

Is excess vitamin D dangerous?

Hypervitaminosis D is a rare but serious condition, and it occurs when too much vitamin D is taken from other than natural sources, such as high doses of vitamin D supplements, and the risk of developing hypervitaminosis increases if the person taking vitamin D supplements has the following health problems: :[4]

  • Kidney disease.
  • Liver diseases.
  • tuberculosis.
  • Hyperparathyroidism.
  • Sarcoidosis.
  • Histoplasmosis.

Hypercalcemia

Excessive amounts of vitamin D in the body can lead to high levels of calcium in the blood, and this can lead to a condition called hypercalcemia, and its symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Anorexia.
  • Weight loss.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Excessive urination.
  • Drought.
  • Constipation.
  • Irritability and nervousness.
  • Tinnitus.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Dizziness and confusion.
  • Hypertension.
  • Arrhythmia.

Long-term complications of untreated hypervitaminosis D include:

  • kidney stones.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Bone loss.
  • Calcification (hardening) of arteries and soft tissues.

Symptoms of excess vitamin D include the entire body, and it may cause serious problems if it is not treated, such as stones or kidney damage, and excessive vitamin D cannot occur when obtained from its natural sources, but rather when it is taken in excessive doses of nutritional supplements or injections, and it may be symptoms Simple increased thirst or constipation, but when it causes too much calcium in the blood, it causes serious problems, such as high blood pressure.

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References

  1. ^

    healthline, 6 Side Effects of Too Much Vitamin D. , 10-17-2020

  2. ^

    news-medical, Vitamin D Overdose , 10-17-2020

  3. ^

    hopkinsallchildrens, Vitamin D and Your Child , 10-17-2020

  4. ^

    medicalnewstoday, What’s to know about hypervitaminosis D? , 10-17-2020

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