Symptoms of a herniated disc in the back

A herniated disc in the back can be defined as the sliding of the discs that lie between the vertebrae of the back to prevent friction, absorb pressure, which leads to friction of the vertebrae in the back with each other, and pressure on the nerves in the spinal cord, and slippage may occur in any of the vertebrae. Different backs, but slipping often occurs in the lower vertebrae of the back, and among the symptoms that may accompany this case we show the following:[1]

  • Unexplained muscle weakness.
  • Pain accompanied by tingling and numbness, which is often limited to one side of the body.
  • Pain extending to the legs or arms.
  • The intensity of the pain increases during the night, or when performing certain movements.
  • Increasing pain when sitting or standing.
  • Itching, numbness, and burning in the affected area in the back.

Causes of herniated disc in the back

Many people are not able to determine the main cause of their herniated disc in the back, but most cases occur as a result of the natural tensile and tear processes associated with age, in addition to the decrease in the elasticity of the cartilage with age due to the decrease in the percentage of its water content, and it should be noted that Carrying heavy weights in the wrong way, or doing the wrong movement in the back may also lead to a herniated disc. In some rare cases, the slip may be caused by a back injury. Among the factors that may increase the risk of herniated disc, we mention the following:[2]

  • Excess weight due to increased pressure on the back vertebrae.
  • Some genetic factors.
  • The nature of the work, especially the work that involves carrying heavy weights, pushing and bending.

Complications of herniated disc in the back

If the herniated disc occurs in an area close to the group of nerves known as cauda equina, and the pressure on these nerves increases, the affected person may suffer in some rare cases from permanent paralysis, persistent weakness, loss of bladder and bowel control, in addition to weakness. Therefore, care must be taken to prevent the development of the condition, and to consult a doctor in the event of a decrease in the ability to control urination and defecation, an increase in the severity of weakness and the inability to carry out daily activities normally, and an increase in the severity of numbness, or numbness in the back of the legs, thighs, and anal area .[3]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Rachel Nall, “Slipped (Herniated) Disc”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 2-3-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Herniated disk”, www.mayoclinic.org, 6-3-2018, Retrieved 2-3-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ Tim Newman, “Causes and treatment of a herniated disk”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 2-3-2019. Edited.

Symptoms of a herniated disc in the back

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-20 20:18:01