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vulvar swelling disease (Swollen VulvaIt is an infection of the vagina that can lead to discharge, itching and pain, usually due to a change in the balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection.


What is vulvar swelling disease?

Swollen vulva is a common symptom of vaginitis, often caused by a bacterial, fungal, or viral infection, or an imbalance of the vaginal bacteria. Certain skin disorders or low estrogen levels after menopause can also cause this condition.

Scientific name of the disease Swollen Vulva
Other names Vaginitis, vaginal swelling, vulvar swelling
disease classification gynecology
Treating medical specialty Obstetrician-gynecologist, dermatologist
Symptoms of the disease Swelling, inflammation, itching, vaginal discharge.
degree of disease spread common
Medications The course of treatment depends on the main cause of the injury, and it may include one of the following alternatives:

  • Antibiotics: Zithrokan.
  • Antifungal: Vangican.
  • Antiviral: ciclovir.

What are the most common types of vaginal infections?

Types of vaginal infections
Types of vaginal infections

The most common types of vaginitis are:

Read also: posterior vaginal prolapse disease”


Causes of swollen vulva

Vaginal swelling can occur due to one of the following reasons:

  • Allergies (non-infectious vaginitis) due to chemicals found in:
    1. Clothing.
    2. Thecreams;
    3. condom;
    4. The soap is fragrant.
    5. Vaginal douche.
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • cysts;
  • Difficulty intercourse.

Read also: Testicular torsion”


Factors that increase the risk of developing vaginal swelling

  • Modern antibiotic therapy.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes.
  • pregnancy.
  • Having multiple sex.
  • High estrogen contraceptives.
  • Thyroid or endocrine disorders.
  • Corticosteroid therapy.
  • Vaginal douching.
  • Immunity deficiency Virus.
  • organ transplant.

Read also: Travelers’ diarrhea”


Signs and symptoms of vulvar swelling

Symptoms arise as a result of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Symptoms vary in nature and severity depending on the main cause of vaginitis and individual factors. General symptoms of infectious or non-infectious vaginitis can include:

  • Redness and swelling of the vagina.
  • Burning sensation and itching in the vagina and genitals. Vagina and genitals
  • Thick white vaginal discharge that resembles the consistency of cottage cheese.

Complications of vaginitis

Complications of vaginitis
Complications of vaginitis

Complications of some of the underlying causes of untreated vaginitis can be serious and even life-threatening, especially for an unborn child of a woman with vaginitis. Complications of some of the underlying causes of vaginitis include:

  • Increased risk of HIV infection.
  • infertility;
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Premature birth.
  • Low birth weight.
  • stillbirth.

Read also: Myelofibrosis (Idiopathic Myelofibrosis)


How is vulvar swelling diagnosed?

  • The attending physician will take a comprehensive history of the patient’s condition.
  • Take a swab from inside the vagina to find out the type of infection.
  • Checking the PH level of the vaginal fluid.

Vaginal swelling treatment

Vaginal swelling treatment
Vaginal swelling treatment
  • Antibiotics: To treat vaginitis caused by sexually transmitted infections caused by bacteria, such as chlamydia or trichomoniasis.
  • Antifungal creams or pills: To treat vaginitis caused by a yeast infection.
  • Antiviral drugs: To treat vaginitis caused by genital herpes. These medications can help reduce the irritation and pain caused by a herpes infection in the vaginal area.
  • Treatment for non-infectious vaginitis caused by an allergy or sensitivity to a particular substance includes avoiding exposure to the substance. Topical creams such as cortisone may be prescribed to relieve the pain caused by itching and burning.

Read also: Toxocariasis”


When should you get emergency medical help?

Get medical intervention right away if you have:

  • fever.
  • Severe pelvic pain.
  • If symptoms do not go away with treatment.

How to prevent vulvar swelling

  • Avoid wearing clothing that holds heat and moisture.
  • Choose loose, “breathable” fabrics that don’t retain moisture, such as cotton.
  • Avoid staying in wet swimwear or sweaty workout clothes for a long time.
  • Try yogurt and probiotics that contain beneficial bacteria that can reduce vulvodynia.
  • Limit sugary foods to prevent fungal growth.
  • Avoid cleaning the vagina with strongly scented soaps or sprays.
  • Using a vaginal douche can disrupt the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina. Douching can also mask an infection you already have.
  • If you’re approaching menopause, or have low estrogen levels for any reason, talk to your health care provider about the potential benefits of using vaginal hormone pills or creams to keep your vagina moist and healthy.

Frequently asked questions about vulvodynia

How long does it take for vulvitis to go away?

If vulvitis is caused by an allergy to a particular substance, symptoms usually appear within a few hours of contact with it. The rash usually resolves between two and four weeks after diagnosis if you avoid the source of the rash.

How can I treat vulvar dermatitis at home?

  • Wash the vaginal area once a day with cool water and a mild, non-irritating soap, making sure to pat the area dry rather than rubbing.
  • Apply anti-itch creams or ointments.
  • Use cold compresses to relieve irritation and inflammation.
  • Take an over-the-counter antihistamine or allergy medicine.

Is coconut oil useful for vulvar dermatitis?

Small amounts of extra virgin olive oil, vegetable oil, or coconut oil can be applied to the vulva and vagina as often as needed to protect and moisturize the skin. It also helps reduce skin irritation during menstruation and when urinating. Do not use a vaginal douche.


In the end, if you suffer from inflammation and swelling in the vaginal area, do not hesitate to visit the nearest gynecologist to you, as you may suffer from Swollen Vulva disease and you do not know the reason behind this pain you feel, do not hesitate to conduct the necessary medical examinations.