Burns are one of the most painful injuries, and it is a tiring thing that needs care and care to ensure that it does not leave unwanted effects behind, and a burn is a type of injury that affects muscle tissue or skin due to heat, electricity, some chemicals, friction, or radiation.[1]

Types of burns

The most important types and degrees of burns include:[2]

  • First-degree burns: These burns affect the skin when exposed to mild heat or as a result of exposure to heat for a short period, such as staying for long periods in the sun, so the affected area appears red and the person suffers from little pain, and often heals within four or five days with treatment or Without it, it does not leave a visible trace on the skin.
  • Second-degree burns: These burns are more severe than first-degree burns, and are caused by exposure to moderate heat or as a result of exposure to heat for a long time, and are divided into:
  • Third-degree burns: This degree is one of the most dangerous and deepest burns, as it destroys all thickness of the skin and reaches the layer of fat and muscle and may reach the bones as well, and requires a long period of surgical treatment, and burns of this degree leave disfiguring traces in their place. Third-degree burns need to Immediate surgical intervention and hospitalization.
  • Superficial degree: The burn appears in the form of bubbles filled with a sticky substance called (PHYLYCTENES), and it appears due to the separation of the surface skin layer from the upper layer, and it is filled with water, salts and organic materials that are in the form of a mixture mixed together, and it takes a period ranging from ten days to two weeks to heal, and it does not It leaves no trace in the long run.
  • Deep degree: The color of the burned skin takes a dark black color and white spots appear on it distributed, and the burn destroys most of the thickness of the skin. .

Methods of treating first and second degree burns

If someone around you is exposed to first and second degree burns that cover small areas, you can take the following steps to reduce their severity and injury:[3]

  • Get rid of the clothes that cover the burned area, then expose them to cold water for ten minutes; To relieve heat, and protect the lower layers from impact.
  • Give the victim painkillers to relieve the pain he may feel from the burn.
  • Apply fresh aloe vera ointment or a commercial burn cream to the affected area.
  • Cover the burn area with a sterile bandage, and be sure to change the casualty’s clothing at least once a day.
  • Keep the affected area clean to protect it from microbes and germs, so wash the affected area with soap and water every time you change the dressing.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Burns: Types, Treatments, and More”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 10-8-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ “What Are the Types and Degrees of Burns?”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 10-8-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ “Pain Caused by Burns”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 8-10-2018. Edited.

Burns healing stages

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-13 17:36:02