an introduction

Blood pressure diseases are considered to be of a high degree of danger, because they may not be detected early, which may lead to damage to the heart, kidneys, and many organs of the human body. Blood pressure measurement devices have been developed to increase accuracy, ease of use, and become accessible to everyone.

blood pressure

It is a chronic health disorder that expresses the force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels, where the measurement is 120/80 is the normal pressure for a healthy person, and there are two types of pressure, the systolic pressure and coincides with the contraction of the heart to pump blood out, represented by the number at the top. And the diastolic pressure coincides With the diastole of the heart muscle, represented by the number at the bottom, blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury.

blood pressure device

It is a medical device available in hospitals, health centers and homes, used to measure blood pressure. It consists of an inflatable bracelet to reduce blood flow, a mercury pressure gauge, and a control valve, through which air is inflated and emptied inside the bracelet. The other type consists of a watch A digital scale and pointer instead of a digital scale.

blood pressure measurement method

  • Sit on a bench with your hand resting on a table with your heart level.
  • Correctly wrap the inflatable cuff around the hand, so that the end of the cuff is at the artery that appears at the elbow joint.
  • Close the switch responsible for the mercury in the device with the device tilted slightly.
  • Put the headset under the bracelet and install it above the elbow joint.
  • Squeeze the pump until the bracelet inflates and the reading reaches 180.
  • Gradually open the air valve, paying attention to the staircase, and focus to hear the first beat, then record the systolic blood pressure.
  • Continue to open the air valve until the last beat is heard, and then the diastolic blood pressure is read.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

  • Nosebleeds and ringing in the ears.
  • Swelling of the lower extremities.
  • Headache and dizziness with blurred vision.
  • Shortness of breath and chest pain.
  • Urinary tract infection, due to an increase in the concentration of salts in the urine.
  • Severe pain in the head.

Prevention of high blood pressure

  • Maintain an ideal body weight and continue exercising.
  • Minimize the use of table salt.
  • Reduce consumption of stimulants and alcohol.
  • Maintaining a proper diet, by avoiding fats and cholesterol, and constantly eating vegetables and fruits.
  • Avoid smoking and avoid contact with them as much as possible.
  • Avoid stress and nervous and psychological pressures.
  • Maintaining continuous blood pressure measurement, to detect the disease early if it is present.

blood pressure measuring machine

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-13 17:06:01