South America is one of the continents of the world that includes 12 countries to learn about, its three regions, and its largest cities, in addition to a set of facts and information that you may not have heard before about this continent.
More than 433 million people live on this huge continent, and most of them speak Spanish!
what is it?
It is the continent of South America that we are talking about, with a large area and diverse countries, but how many countries are in South America, and what languages do the citizens of each country speak? Continue reading with us to know amazing facts and things about this strange continent!
The continent of South America contains 12 countries that we will pass through successively and get to know them and shed light on some information and facts that distinguish them, so let’s start.
Not only is Argentina the largest Spanish-speaking country in South America, it is also the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world.
Argentina is the second largest country in South America after Brazil, with an area of more than 2.8 million square kilometers (1.1 million square miles).
Its official language is Spanish, although many citizens speak other languages such as English, Italian, and German.
Capital: Buenos Aires.
Bolivia has a variety of geographical features and its topography varies on the level of the continent, overlooking the famous Andes Mountains in addition to the Amazon Basin.
Bolivia is home to the world’s highest navigable lake.
Spread over an area of approximately 1.1 million square kilometers (424,052 sq mi), it is the eighth most populous country in South America after Ecuador.
The official language is Spanish, in addition to some indigenous languages such as Quechua and Aymara.
Capital: La Paz.
About half of the population of the South American continent lives in this country! More than 214 million citizens live there.
It is the largest country in South America, with an area of 8.5 million square kilometers, 3.3 million square miles.
Brazil is the only non-Spanish country, using Portuguese as its official language, although Brazilians also speak other languages such as Spanish, English and French.
Brazil is characterized by its diversity and charming beauty, which attracts millions of tourists annually, and is famous for its stunning terrain, unparalleled views, and famous landmarks such as the statue of Christ the Redeemer, which stands tall over Rio de Janeiro, opening its hands to signify tolerance as if it protects the city.
It also has the famous Amazon forest that protects the planet from loss and saves it from pollution thanks to its dense and diverse tree and plant species.
The fourth country is Chile, which is home to the driest region on Earth (the Atacama Desert), although it is located on the Pacific Ocean!
Chile is the sixth most populous country in South America, with 19 million citizens.
In terms of area, it is ranked seventh with an area of (756,096 square kilometers, 291,855 square miles).
The official language in Chile is also Spanish.
Colombia is the second most populous country in South America with a population of over 51 million citizens.
More than 99% of Colombians speak Spanish, although there are many people who speak different types of Amerindian languages.
Colombia is located in the northern part of South America, southwest of Venezuela, with an area of 1.1 million square kilometers (440,715 square miles).
Ecuador is the fourth smallest country in South America with an area of 276,841 square kilometers (106,861 square miles).
It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Amazon Basin and the famous Andes Mountains.
Spanish is the official language in Ecuador, and a mixture of indigenous dialects such as Quechua and Amerindian dialects are also widely spoken in the country.
The famous Galapagos Islands, which is one of the most prominent destinations for scientific expeditions on earth, belongs to Ecuador.
Guyana is located east of Venezuela and north of Brazil.
It is the only country in South America that speaks English, and it is considered the official language there, and the reason for that is because it was a British colony.
Guyana has a population of over 700,000 citizens, making it the second least populous country in South America, with an area of 214,969 square kilometers (82,978 sq mi).
Paraguay is often referred to as “the heart of America”!
The reason for this is its central location, which makes it the center of the continent.
Paraguay is the ninth largest country in South America with an area of (406,752 square kilometers; 157,006 square miles).
The population there is more than seven million citizens.
Spanish is the official language of Paraguay, although many Paraguayans still speak Guarini, an ancient language spoken by the first Paraguayan tribes.
The third largest country in the continent of South America, and occupies an area of about (1.2 million square kilometers, 496,093 square miles).
It is the home of the famous Machu Picchu ruins, and the source of the Amazon River.
Peru is home to more than 33 million South Americans, most of whom speak Spanish as the official language in the country in addition to other languages such as Quechua or Aymara with different ancient Amazonian languages.
Suriname is the smallest country in South America with an area of 163,820 km² and a population of about 500,000 citizens.
It is located directly above Brazil. Suriname speaks a completely different language from the rest of South America, which is the Dutch language, which is the official language there!
However, most citizens speak other languages (including Hindi, Chinese and Spanish) and learn Dutch as a second language.
Towards the southern coast of South America lies Uruguay, which has an area of 181,034 km², about the size of its predecessor, Suriname.
It has a population of 3.4 million, and more than a third of them live in Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay.
The official language of Uruguay is Spanish as well, unlike those who think it is Portuguese due to its association with Brazil.
Venezuela is the northernmost country in South America.
Venezuela is the sixth largest country in South America with an area of about (916,445 square kilometers).
It is considered one of the most densely populated country in the continent of South America, and more than 27 million people live in it.
Spanish is the official language there, with a mixture of other languages such as Chinese, Portuguese, Italian, or indigenous languages.
– We are not done yet, there are other regions that follow the continent of South America!
South American Territories
Now let’s get to know the regions in South America
1.Falkland Islands Territory
Known as the Malvinas in Argentina, the Falkland Islands are a small archipelago off the coast of Argentine Patagonia.
It is one of the 14 territories belonging to Britain and is located overseas, as they say.
Its own government owns but is still maintained by the United Kingdom since 1833.
Argentina attempted to retake the islands with a military invasion in 1982, but failed.
Approximately 3,000 people live in the Falkland Islands, and the official language there is, of course, English.
2. French Guiana
French Guiana, a territory bordering Suriname and Brazil in northeastern South America, is one of the territories of France.
More than 296,000 people live there, and they speak French as the official language or Guyanese Creole as it is called.
98% of the land is covered with forests!
3. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
It is a British territory, closer to the Antarctic Peninsula in the Atlantic Ocean than the Falkland Islands.
The combined population of all the islands is only about 30 people!
The reason for this is because most of the land is uninhabitable, and there are no indigenous people to the area as a common belief.
However, it is a very popular tourist destination in the world, and cruises are increasing with it increasing the number of tourists every year.
Some facts about South America
This was a quick tour of the countries and territories of the South American continent.
What do you think that we get to know some facts and information about the South American continent?
1- Some indigenous tribes have no contact with modern civilization at all
It is hard to imagine that there are still some indigenous tribes in the world that have had little or no contact at all with modern civilization, and they live among us on this planet and in this modern era despite our development!
Some of these indigenous tribes have been discovered in recent years, and they inhabit the depths of the Amazon rainforest. Scientists believe that there are more tribes hiding in the forest that we must one day get to know..
2. More than 300 languages are spoken on the continent
Although Spanish is the most spoken language in South America, it stands alongside English and Portuguese as the most common languages.
But there are still some indigenous languages spoken by a large number of people, such as Quechua (8.9 million people) and Guaraní (4.9 million people). In addition to many local languages, which number more than 300 languages!
3. The Amazon rainforest is the most biologically diverse place on Earth
Although the Amazon rainforest suffers from illegal or legal deforestation, and the pet trade continues, the Amazon is still home to more than 40% of the world’s flora and fauna.
It’s an incredibly biologically diverse place, and that’s why it needs protection and it’s what the nations of the world are all trying to do in order to protect the future of the planet.
4. La Paz is the tallest capital in the world
The Bolivian capital, La Paz, is 3,640 meters (11.942 feet) tall, making it one of the tallest cities in the world, and the highest capital city on Earth!
5. Home to the driest places on Earth
The Atamaca Desert in Peru is the driest place on Earth, and this desert has not received any rain at all in some parts of it since the start of the official precipitation registration process, it is said.
Can you imagine that!
It’s incredibly dry, and some of the last parts that fell have not had rain in over 40 years!
6. Aconcagua is the highest mountain on the continent
The highest mountain outside Asia, it is also the highest mountain in South America known as Aconcagua, and it sits majestically at 6,962 meters above sea level in the country of Argentina.
7. South America is home to the world’s tallest waterfall
This continent is also home to the tallest waterfalls in the world. You can find these waterfalls in Venezuela, which have a height of 979 meters!
8. There were many great civilizations living here
The Inca people may have been one of the most famous civilizations that ever lived on Earth. Yes, they lived here in the South American continent, and their empire stretched across large parts of the continent, and their traces are still well established there to this day.
9. There are many natural resources in South America
The continent is a fertile home for many minerals and underground resources Gold, silver, iron and petroleum are just some of the valuable resources that can be found on the continent.
It is said that the continent contains huge amounts of gold, in addition to the huge oil reserves owned by the state of Venezuela.
10. More than 20% of the total amount of oxygen is produced here!
About 22% of the continent is covered with forests, which is full of biodiversity!
Yes, the Amazon rainforest is called the lungs of the Earth, which is the largest rainforest on the planet!
These forests are very important for the production of oxygen for humans all over the world, and it is estimated that 20% of all the oxygen on the planet is formed in these forests!
Other quick facts about South America
Brazilians are the most used Internet users on the continent.
It is named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
South Americans are famous for their enchanting beauty.
Maria- and Gabriel are the most common names in South America.
Total population: 428 million
The largest city in South America: São Paulo, which is located in (Brazil).
Land area: 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 square miles)
The longest river: the Amazon River
Popular religion: Christianity (90%)
List of largest cities in South America
– Sao Paulo – Brazil.
Buenos Aires – Argentina.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The most important cities in South America
1. Buenos Aires / Argentina
Buenos Aires is a cosmopolitan city with a charming European atmosphere that attracts millions of tourists annually.
An amazing city to live in, Palermo is one of the finest neighborhoods to live in, with the best restaurants and shops there.
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2. Rio de Janeiro / Brazil
Rio de Janeiro is arguably one of the best and most important tourist cities in South America.
It is a paradise on earth, where you will find warm weather and wonderful beaches.
3. Sao Paulo/Brazil
São Paulo in Brazil is by far one of the best cities in South America, and the city has the largest number of international companies, making it easy to find a job there even without having to speak the official language.
This was the most important information about the huge continent of South America, which is located in the Western Hemisphere, we saw that it has great diversity, we got to know its largest and most important cities, we toured its 12 countries, and we got acquainted with its other territories that are under the control of different countries.
Did you know all the information? Or gained new information from reading this article!
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