The Russian-Ukrainian war led to a significant increase in the prices of food commodities in America, primarily grains and vegetable oils. This is because of the vast supplies needed by the war, which has threatened millions of people in Africa, the Middle East and other parts of the world with starvation.

The FAO stated that “the Food Price Index, which tracks monthly changes in the international prices of a commodity, reached 159.3 points last month, an increase of 12.6% over the February index, which is the highest level reached by the index since its inception.”

And the “FAO” announced that the war in Ukraine was the main factor in the rise in grain prices by 17.1%, including wheat and other types such as oats, barley and corn, and it is reported that Russia and Ukraine together account for about 30% of wheat exports and 20% of global corn.

As Josef Schmidhuber, Deputy Director of the Markets and Trade Department at the Food and Agriculture Organization noted, “It is clear that these very high food prices require urgent action.”

It is noteworthy that vegetable oils had the largest share in the increase in prices, as the index rose by 23.2%, affected by the increase in the prices of sunflower seed oil, of which Ukraine is the first source in the world, followed by Russia.

Schmidhuber told reporters in Geneva: “There is a really big disruption in supplies, and this disruption in supplies from the Black Sea region has led to an increase in vegetable oil prices.”

He added, “He could not determine the extent of the impact of the war on this rise in food prices, and also pointed out that bad weather conditions in the United States and China had a significant impact on crops, and added that “logistical factors” also play a big role.

It is reported that currently there are basically no exports through the Black Sea, and even exports through the Baltic states are almost coming to an end.

Most importantly, rising food prices and disrupted supplies from Russia and Ukraine have threatened food shortages in countries in the Middle East, Africa and parts of Asia that are naturally experiencing food crises, and where it is difficult for people to get their food. Especially since these countries depend on supplies of wheat and other grains from the Black Sea region, at fairly affordable costs, to feed millions of people.

There is close monitoring and follow-up of the conditions of major grain producers such as the United States, Canada and France, to see the extent of the possibility of increasing production for them, but on the other hand, it was found that farmers are facing real problems represented in the high costs of fuel and fertilizers, which also rose significantly due to the war, as well as drought. and supply chain disruptions.

Sib Ollo, a senior researcher at the World Food Program for West and Central Africa in Dakar, Senegal, declared: “The upheavals caused by war in the Sahel region of Central and West Africa, have also helped exacerbate the precarious food situation, caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. , conflicts, and bad weather.

“There is a sharp deterioration in food security in the region, with six million children suffering from malnutrition and about 16 million people in urban areas at risk of food insecurity,” he added.

“Farmers are particularly concerned about not being able to access fertilizers produced in the Black Sea region, as Russia is a global exporter and a pioneer in this field,” he explained. “The cost of fertilizers has gone up by almost 30% in many parts of the region, also due to supply disruptions caused by the Russo-Ukrainian war,” he added.

He also noted that “the World Food Program has requested $777 million to meet the needs of 22 million people in the Sahel and Nigeria over a period of six months.”

Schmidhuber says that in order to meet the needs of food-importing countries, the FAO is developing a proposal for a mechanism to reduce import costs for the poorest countries.