Selection of sheep breed
When choosing a sheep breed, the first thing that is taken into consideration is the purpose of raising these sheep; Which may be for the purpose of obtaining wool, or meat, or just mowing the lawn, or to produce milk, although the milk produced by sheep is less than the milk produced by goats and cows, but some people prefer it, and there are hundreds of breeds of sheep, but The following is a list of the most common breeds, depending on the purpose of their breeding:
- Breeding for meat and wool production:
- Breeding for meat production only:
- Breeding for milk production:
- Corriedale breed, characterized by abundant meat and shiny wool.
- Dorset breed: (English: dorset), characterized by its medium size, thick white wool.
- Hampshire breed: (English: Hampshire), one of the largest breeds.
- Katahdin strain, need very low cost.
- East Friesian breed, which is a good milk producer but is difficult to raise.
- Lacaune Breed: It is a good producer of cheese.
suitable food for sheep
Most sheep feed on grass, clover, and forbs, which is known as a broad-leaved flowering plant, and is different from grass, and contains many nutritional supplements, and compared to cows, sheep eat more plants.
Tips for raising sheep on farms
Sheep farming systems in farms vary by region. The following is the traditional sheep farming system in lowland farms:
- In September, farmers check the condition of the sheep and their willingness to breed, by applying pressure to the spine and its surroundings, and assessing the condition of the sheep between lean and fat, where skinny is given the number one, while the fat number is 5, and the sheep must record a number between 2.5-3.5 in the breeding stage.
- Sheep bears for about 145 days and must be given the proper diet during pregnancy.
- Sheep produce colostrum after birth, which is milk that contains antibodies to protect the newborn from diseases, and young sheep must eat it within two hours, and within 24 hours of their birth, in order to protect them from diseases and infection.
- The farmers monitor the condition of the sheep well during their pregnancy; Because very thin or fat sheep may lose their fetus, or find it difficult to carry them.
- Young sheep at birth weigh 2.5 kg, and grow very quickly; It increases about 300 grams per day when it drinks milk from its mothers.
- The woolen shearing season begins in May; Farmers shear their sheep in late spring, or early summer, when the weather becomes warmer.
- The stage of weaning young sheep begins eight weeks after their birth; It relies on grass for food more than milk.
- ↑ Lauren Arcuri (6-12-2018), “Animal Feed Production”, www.thespruce.com, Retrieved 8-3-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “What’s for dinner?”, www.sheep101.info, Retrieved 8-3-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Year on a Sheep Farm”, www.nationalsheep.org.uk, Retrieved 2-3-2019. Edited.