Water bodies are home to large numbers of living organisms, including animals, plants and fish, and these citizens have become a source of human access to food, especially fish, and the Arab countries are among the countries supervising water bodies in all its forms, from seas and oceans with long stretches of beaches, and most of these countries depend The coastal economy depends on the fish wealth, given its diversity and the abundance of the seas. Fish wealth is defined as what is obtained from the water and its surfaces of living resources, and it is considered a renewable natural resource; It is constantly replenished through reproduction, and it is noteworthy that humans have exploited the fish wealth since time immemorial through fishing, and economic statistics indicate that the global production of fisheries is estimated at 75 million tons annually.
Given the importance of fisheries; Some countries have resorted to adopting the method of fish farming for the purposes of developing fish wealth in fresh water, and this step is considered a quantitative stage by governments to plan to produce the largest amount of fish, and Egypt is one of the countries that follow this method, and has produced more than 340,000 tons of fish. fish.
Fish wealth in the Arab world
Despite the importance of fish wealth and its value at the national and national levels, this type of wealth suffers from weakness in the Arab world, and the reason for this is the mixing of salt water with fresh, for example, the reasons for the weakness of fish production in the Mediterranean are attributed to its lack of fertility, being semi-closed, and pollution Its water is the result of the practices of some countries bordering on it. It is worth noting that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is at the top of the pyramid in the interest in this valuable wealth; It conducts a number of researches related to this through specialized research centers and stations, including fish farms, the Fisheries Navigation Center in the Red Sea in Jeddah and others.
The importance of fisheries
The importance of fish wealth lies in the following:
- From an economic point of view, fisheries production is more economical than livestock production due to its lower costs.
- Fish is a rich source of animal proteins, amino acids, vitamins and minerals, and is easily digested.
- Enter fish in many food tables around the world.
- Fisheries plays an important role in bridging the food gap that some countries suffer from as a result of population explosions, and thus helps achieve food security.
- Some countries depend on fisheries as an important source of national income and its development, such as Ecuador, for example.
- Working in the field of fisheries exploitation and production provides a number of job opportunities for the unemployed.
- ^ a b “10 Ways World Leaders Can Improve Fishery Management”, www.pewtrusts.org,2016-7-11, Retrieved 2018-9-5. Edited.
- ↑ “ARABIAN GULF COUNTRIES TO EXPAND FISHERIES SECTOR”, www.worldfishing.net, 11-28-2013, Retrieved 2018-9-5. Edited.
- ↑ “Why Fish?”, www.worldfishcenter.org, Retrieved 2018-9-5. Edited.
Searching for fish