Schizophrenia is one of the most famous mental disorders, and lies in the difficulty of distinguishing between what is realistic and real and what is unrealistic and not real. The reason for what happens to him, and schizophrenia falls under the diseases of disabilities with paraplegia and dementia.
Symptoms of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a disorder of the mind that results from a defect in behavior, thought, and emotional feelings, which in turn leads to a defect in communication, whether social, or even individual. Or through the patient’s external environment, through his behavior of a tendency to distance himself from the reality in which he lives, obsessions and hallucinations to which he is exposed, and his emotions that accompany these hallucinations, and the impact of this on those around him, whether in the environment of his family or society as a whole.
Psychologically, schizophrenia can be explained as follows. We know that the mind works with electrical signals that turn into chemical signals through an organized psychological process, but when a person suffers from schizophrenia, there is an imbalance in the signals sent to the brain, which leads to a disturbance in concentration, and then psychological disturbance and tension, And also feeling tired and very tired from effort, even if it is very little, such as bringing a cup of coffee from the table. Although there is clear scientific progress on the medical level, but scientists have not yet been able to find out the direct cause of schizophrenia.
Causes of schizophrenia
There are reasons that doctors have identified as auxiliary and not main causes of injury, including:
- Heredity as the genes carry such a disease if there is a family history of this type of disease.
- A lack of oxygen to the baby’s brain during birth, or the baby’s head being injured during the birth process, and here it is worth mentioning that the birth should take place at the hands of doctors authorized for this task and not resort to traditional birth operations to preserve the health of the child.
- Also, do not forget that the environmental influences surrounding the person, and the social influences that clearly affect the formation of the personality are among the main causes that make up the personality of the individual.
- Finally, it should be noted that schizophrenia does not have similar symptoms in all patients, and symptoms differ from person to person; There are initial symptoms of schizophrenia, such as the sufferer’s appetite disorder, lack of sleep, unusual behavior, hallucinations that disrupt his general behavior, as well as his distance from those around him, and difficulty in intellectual and linguistic communication between him and those around him.
To treat schizophrenia from the point of view of psychiatry; There is a treatment system that includes rehabilitative psychological treatment, treatment that includes medication and physical health, which is the specialty of psychiatry.