Tajweed

Tajweed linguistically: the improvement, it is said that something has made it better, but technically: it is giving each letter its right and its right, and the right of the letter: are the necessary intrinsic qualities that distinguish it from other letters; Such as the loudness, the occlusal, the emoticons, and the suffix of the letter: they are the accidental adjectives that accompany the letter at one time and separate from it at another time. such as showing, inserting, reversing, concealing, and the purpose of the science of intonation is to protect the tongue from error when reciting the Book of God Almighty, and the rule of learning it is an obligation of sufficiency; That is, if it is done by enough, the sin falls on the rest, but the application of its provisions when reciting the Qur’an is an individual obligation on every Muslim, and the first author of the rules of the science of tajweed differed. Hello.[1]

Noon and the provisions of the static Tanween

Noun consonants: It is a non-consonant noun that confirms the pronunciation and the line, the plural and the endowment, and is in the nouns, verbs, and letters. following:[2]

  • Az-Zahr: It is the manifestation of the consonant nun or the tanween when pronouncing one of the vowels of the throat. One word, as the Almighty said in Surat Al-Fatihah: “You are blessed.”[3] And manifesting in the nun is in two words, as God Almighty says: (from guide),[4] And manifesting when intending to do so is only in two words, as God Almighty says: (great torment).[5][2]
  • Idgham: Idgham linguistically: inserting something into something, but idiomatically: it is the insertion of a consonant letter into a vowel so that they become one stressed letter, and the letters of Idgham are six, which are: yaa, raa, mim, lam, waw, and noon, and plural in the word (rammlun). Digham is divided into two parts, which are as follows:[6]
  • Iqlab: The inversion is defined in the language: it is the transformation of a thing from its face. To indicate the reversal in drawing the Noble Qur’an, such as the Almighty’s saying: (Hearing and Seeing),[11] And God Almighty says: (From after).[12][13]
  • Takhfeh: takhfeh linguistically: to conceal. As for idiomatically: it is the pronunciation of a letter in a way between zahir and dwarf, without stress, noting the occurrence of ghanna, if the nun sani or tanween comes and one of the letters of khuffah comes after it. , kaf, jim, shin, qaf, sine, dal, ta, zai, fa, t, dhaad, za, God Almighty said in Surat Al Imran: (He will help you),[14] And God Almighty says:[15] There are three levels of concealment, which are as follows:[16]
  • Idgham with Ghnah: The letters Idgham with Ghnah are four, which are: Yaa, Nun, Meem, and Wāw, and they are plural in the word (Anmou), and the condition is that the nun sākinah or Tanween should be at the end of the first word, and the Idgham letter should be ghnah at the beginning of the second word, as God Almighty says In Surat Al-Zalzalah: (And whoever does a Mithqal)[7] And the Almighty’s saying: (Faces on that Day),[8] But if the static nun is combined with the suffix letter in the same word, it must appear, and it is at the letters waw and yaa, and it is called an absolute manifestation, and it came in the Holy Qur’an in only four words, and these words are: Sanwan, Qanwan, Al-Dunya, Bunyan.
  • Digging without singing: There are two letters in it, which are: Laam and Raa. Because the chanting remains heavy when uttering it, as the Almighty says: (Woe to the slanderers),[9] And His saying, the Most High: (He will not be overturned).[10]
  • The highest rank: It is the one that is with the ta’, the signifier, and the ta’, and concealment in this rank is closer to immersion.
  • The lowest rank: it is with the qaf and the kaf, and in this rank, the hifa is closer to the revealing.
  • Intermediate rank: It is the one that is with the rest of the hidden letters, and it is intermediate between the higher rank and the lower rank.

the difference between concealment and assimilation; Concealment does not have an emphasis when pronouncing it at all, and likewise the concealment of the letter is with someone else and not in another, and as for the mixing of the letter, it is in another and not with another, it is said: The noon is hidden at the Sein, not in the Sein, and it is said: The noon was embedded in the Lam, not at the Lam. .[16]

Provisions of the static meme

The consonant meem: the meem that has no movement. The consonant meem is located before all the letters of the alphabet except for the three letters of the extension; This is for fear of the residents meeting, which cannot be uttered. The silent meme with what follows it has three rulings, which are as follows:[17]

  • Oral concealment: Oral concealment has one letter, which is the ba, so if the consonant meim comes at the end of the word, and after it comes the letter ba at the beginning of the word, it is permissible to conceal in this case, and it is called oral concealment, and the oral concealment is only in two words, as the Almighty says: ),[18] As for the face of calling it concealment; To hide the static meme when it meets the b, so that they unite in the exit, and share most of the attributes, and concealment in this case leads to ease of pronunciation. As for the face of calling it oral; Because M and B come out of the lip.
  • Mixing of small similarities: to merge the small similar ones with one letter, which is the meem, so if the consonant meme falls in a word, and after it a moving meme, it must be merged, and it must be accompanied by a chant, as the Almighty says: (If you are believers),[19] He called his name dumbfounded; To merge the consonant meme into the animated meme, as for the face of calling it analogous; Because it is composed of two letters united in the expression and the adjective, and the first of them is merged into the second. As for calling it small; Because the first letter of them is a consonant, and the second is movable, and this is the reason for immersion.
  • Oral manifestation: The letters of oral manifestation are twenty-six letters, which are all letters of the alphabet except for the ba and the meem.[20] He gave his name to show; To show the consonant meme when it meets one of the letters of the verbal manifestation. As for the reason for calling it oral; Because the consonant meem, which is the pronounced letter that emerges from the lips, and the apparent is attributed to the articulation of the meem, and is not attributed to the twenty-six letter articulations at which the meem appears; Because the letters of oral manifestation are not limited to a specific articulation until the manifestation is attributed to it, rather it is attributed to the articulation of the manifested letter for its control and restriction, and the reason for the oral manifestation is the distance of the meem excerpt from the articulation of the twenty-six letters, and the oral manifestation is more severe if the letter waw or faa falls after the meem; So that they do not have the illusion of hiding the meme.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Feryal Al-Abed, The Balance in the Provisions of Tajweed of the Qur’an, Cairo: Dar Al-Iman, page 29-30. act.
  2. ^ AB Muhammed Ibn Balban (2001), Pursuant to the Beneficiary in the Science of Tajweed (First Edition), Beirut: Dar Al-Bashaer Al-Islamiyyah, p. 34-35. act.
  3. ↑ Surat Al-Fatihah, verse: 7.
  4. ↑ Surah Ar-Ra’d, Verse: 33.
  5. ↑ Surat Al-Baqarah, verse: 7.
  6. ↑ Ali Allah Abu Al-Wafa (2003), The Good Saying in the Science of Tajweed (third edition), Al-Mansoura: Dar Al-Wafa, p. 58-61. act.
  7. ↑ Surat Al-Zalzalah, Verse 8.
  8. ↑ Surat Al-Qiyamah, Verse: 22.
  9. ↑ Surat Al-Mutaffifin, Verse: 1.
  10. ↑ Surat Al-Fath, verse: 12.
  11. ↑ Surah An-Nisa, Verse: 58.
  12. ↑ Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse 27.
  13. ↑ Safwat Salem (2003), Fath Rab Al-Bariah, Explanation of the Introduction to the Science of Tajweed (Second Edition), Jeddah: Dar Noor Al-Makatabat, p. 73. Adapted.
  14. ↑ Surah Al Imran, verse: 160.
  15. ↑ Surah Sheba, verse: 50.
  16. ^ AB Mahmoud Al-Abed (2001), Al-Rawda Al-Nadiah Sharh Matn Al-Jazriya (first edition), Cairo: Al-Azhar Heritage Library, p.78-79. act.
  17. ↑ Attia Nasr, The goal of the murid in the science of intonation (seventh edition), Cairo: Cairo, p. 74-77. act.
  18. ↑ Surah Al Imran, Verse: 101.
  19. ↑ Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse: 91.
  20. ↑ Surah Nuh, verse: 12.

Noon and the provisions of the static Tanween

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-10 20:00:01