The establishment of the Ottoman Empire

The origins of the Ottoman Empire go back to the Oghuz and the major tribes that resided in the Transoxiana region, which is currently known as Turkestan, and it is reported that they migrated in the second half of the sixth century AH. From six centuries ago, its influence expanded to include the continent of Asia, Africa, and Europe, and it was ruled by 36 rulers from the Al-Othman family.[1]

It is known that Osman bin Artgrel is the first founder of the Ottoman Empire, where he established it when he became independent in his emirate in 699 AH, and his emirate pledged to protect the Islamic world, and took charge of jihad, and in 923 AH the caliphate turned into Selim I, where the Ottomans established the largest Islamic state for centuries, and they ruled the first three And the application of the tolerant Islamic Sharia, and they called their state the land of Islam, and their ruler the name of the Sultan.[2]

Achievements of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire contributed to many achievements during its rule, the most important of which are the following:[3]

  • Increasing the area of ​​Islamic land, as the Ottoman Empire was able to conquer Constantinople, advanced to the European continent, reached Austria, besieged it many times, took control of all the islands of the Mediterranean, and attracted Islam to it.
  • confronting the Crusaders on various fronts, as they headed to Eastern Europe; This is in order to relieve the pressure of the Christians on Andalusia, and they eliminated the Portuguese colonialism in Muslim countries, and confronted the Spaniards.
  • Confronting Zionism, where the Jews made imaginary offers to Sultan Abdul Hamid II, but the Ottomans rejected the Jewish entity with all force and determination, and prevented Jews from residing in the Sinai.
  • Fighting the Safavid state.
  • The spread of the Islamic religion, its arrival to the European and African continent, and the Islamization of many Circassian tribes at the hands of the Ottomans.
  • Protecting many of the Islamic countries that the Ottomans entered from the danger of colonialism.
  • Representing Muslims, as the Ottoman Empire was the center of the caliphate, and its affairs were managed by a single caliph.

The fall of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire fell in 1908 AD, and the Ottoman Islamic Caliphate was destroyed at the same time. ; This is because Sultan Abdul Hamid refused to realize their ambitions in Palestine.[2]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “The Ottoman Empire (PDF)”,, 12-25-2016, accessed on March 20, 2019. act.
  2. ^ AB “The reasons for the fall of the Ottoman Empire”,, accessed on March 24, 2019. act.
  3. ↑ Ahmed Maamour Al-Asiri (7-22-2013), “The pros and cons of the Ottoman Caliphate”,, accessed on March 20, 2019. act.

Search for the Ottoman Empire

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-13 08:51:01