- Focal injury in the brain, such as the presence of a benign disease or a malignant tumor pressing on a specific center of the brain, and these are classified in a few cases in patients with epilepsy.
- Inflammation, fibrosis or aneurysm of the cerebral artery.
- An accident that fractured the skull and directly affected the brain.
- There are cases of epilepsy patients who develop the disease without the presence of health problems that call for it.
- Great epilepsy: which is accompanied by major seizures, where the patient feels the presence of invisible things, or senses a situation that does not exist, with some numbness in his body and then a wave of convulsions that affects the whole body begins, and the convulsions begin with loud screaming due to spasm of the larynx, and the body vibrates convulsive vibrations Violent, breathing stops, face blue, with foam escaping from the mouth, the duration of the convulsive seizure in the patient is about one to two minutes, and the patient awakens from the seizure to sleep for long hours, and the major seizure has some nervous obstacles, for example the patient breaks everything around him, or tends To commit suicide, or harm those around him, but after the seizure ends, he returns to his normal position.
- Petty epilepsy: In these cases, the seizure is only for a few seconds, and you may not notice it, for example, the patient looks for a moment on a certain thing during the seizure, or stops talking, or the head relaxes and falls on the chest within seconds of coma, and then the patient wakes up without remembering anything. What happened to him, and this seizure results from the interruption of electrical charges from the brain for a few seconds, and the conscious current in the brain stops for a few seconds, and then the patient regains consciousness.
As for epilepsy that results from a focal injury in the brain, the symptoms depend on the location of the injury in the brain, or the location of the tumor pressure in the brain. The patient has frightening nightmares, and symptoms may begin in the pressure area and then progress to become a major epileptic fit.
- Pharmacological treatment through a group of medicines given by the attending physician to the patient and must be taken on time to avoid seizures for the patient.
- Surgical intervention for some advanced cases of epilepsy.
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