Learn about the refugee’s salary in Italy and the number of working hours available to refugees, and do they suffer from labor exploitation? Is there anyone to protect them from that? He also learned about the developments and efforts taking place in improving and facilitating the asylum process.
Italy is a major donor and partner around the world in protecting and assisting UNHCR people of concern, refugees, stateless persons, returnees and internally displaced persons. As a member of the Commission’s Advisory Committee since 1951, and a founding member of the Commission’s Executive Committee since 1959
Italy’s support for the mandate of the UNHCR and the forcibly displaced in the diplomatic, media and public spheres has been consistent and strong. Italy is also a trusted partner for UNHCR across the seven regions thanks to its network of government officials and the many Italian NGOs involved in humanitarian assistance. in the end ,
UNHCR’s Italian financial support directly contributes to UNHCR’s activities on the ground, saving lives, responding to new emergencies, and providing solutions in protracted situations.
Refugee salary in Italy
The fact that in Italy a refugee is not entitled to work until he is granted asylum, or during the first six months of his stay.
On the other hand, Italy pays a refugee a salary of 35 euros per day, but most of this salary goes to centers that provide meals and shelter for refugees.
Asylum seekers are also entitled to €2.50 per day in pocket money. Italian language lessons are provided in some centers specifically for refugees.
Working for refugees in Italy
The fact that foreign workers have the same labor rights as Italian workers: health and security at work; equal opportunities for men and women; Protection from any kind of discrimination, the right to a fair and adequate salary; the right to reconcile work and family life; The right to rest and to become (or not to become) a union member.
Foreign workers also enjoy all the rights stipulated in the employment contract or the national or regional collective contract relating to their sector of employment.
During the selection process, a potential employer is not allowed to ask questions about political and religious views, pregnancy, seropositivity, civil status, or family status (the principle of non-discrimination).
What is labor exploitation??
According to Italian legislation, exploitation at work exists when there are issues such as salary below national standards and unfair compared to working hours, frequent overtime or no weekly rest, no paid annual leave and/or no paid sick leave, violation Systematic use of safety and health in the workplace using degrading methods in worker control.
Who can the worker contact when he or she is suspected of being exploited in Italy??
There is a wide network of support, information and guidance, it is possible to contact unions, associations with regional services, as well as associations that provide assistance and activities for the benefit of foreign citizens.
How many hours are allowed to work for a refugee in Italy?
The standard working week in Italy is 40 hours but collective work contracts, at the national or sectoral level, are the reference. Overtime is possible but should be limited. The worker has the right to 11 consecutive hours of rest every 24 hours and a rest period of not less than 24 consecutive hours, usually on a Sunday, every seven days.
Annual vacations must last at least four weeks and are indispensable.
Efforts to improve the asylum process in Italy
The appointment of Luciana Lamorgese as Minister of the Interior, after the far-right politician Matteo Salvini, changed the picture somewhat. “Its predecessor succeeded in dismantling the reception system that had just been built,” says Lega. And the new minister, fortunately, is not taking the same approach at all.”
Upon arriving in Giuseppe Conte’s government in September 2019, Lamorgese works to dismantle the policy that Salvini has implemented for a year and a half. It puts an end to the strategy of “closed ports” in the Mediterranean and reintroduces humanitarian protection to the most vulnerable migrants.
Lamorgese also launched Decree-Law 130/20 consisting of a residence permit for special protection that grants basic rights to immigrants who request them. This report clarifies that the state grants aid to refugees who have gone to the state, even if by illegal means, and secures a decent life for them in the state.
This is a useful tool for immigrant regularization, but in reality it is not given much. In 2021, between January 1 and August 24, 3,241 permits were issued, or just 11% of all applications.
Other protection requests are also far from being responded to. According to the report, “about 40 percent of applicants – including Pakistanis, Nigerians, Egyptians, Somalis and Malian exiles – were granted protection in 2021.”
That’s still much more than it was under Salvini: In 2019, the refusal rate for all protections was 81%, according to the Interior Ministry.
Whereas at the end of 2020, 128,000 refugees in the broadest sense – beneficiaries of protected status – were living in Italy. This means that there are just over two refugees per 1,000 residents in the country.
This is much lower than in France (nearly seven per 1,000 inhabitants), Germany (14 per 1,000), or Sweden (25 per 1,000).
The security approach is still preferred in the refugee issue in Italy
Lega says: “Luciana Lamorgese doesn’t have much room to maneuver, because she is still under pressure from the Draghi government. Despite the change in tone, the security approach is still preferred in the treatment of migrants.” “We have reduced the suppression a little bit.
For example, there is no longer any criminal detention of humanitarian ships, but they are still subject to very regular administrative detentions.”
The humanitarian corridors are “rare”. With one exception: after the fall of Kabul, on August 15, 2021, Italy rescued 4,890 Afghan citizens, via the air bridge that was established between the two countries. This is evidence that the country has “sufficient capacity and resources” to do more than it is doing now towards refugees.
Italy’s vital contributions make it possible to protect and assist the people concerned and to find solutions for them. In 2021, funding supported UNHCR’s response to new and protracted displacement crises, including in Afghanistan, Syria, Ethiopia, Venezuela, and others.
He contributed to the Office’s work in the areas of protection, prevention and response to gender-based violence, shelter, health care and livelihoods.
Italy has also demonstrated a commitment to finding solutions for people stranded in dire conditions through resettlement, humanitarian corridors and humanitarian evacuations.
Italy’s unearmarked contributions mean UNHCR can respond quickly to emergencies, support people in protracted or forgotten crises that are no longer in the public eye, maintain life-saving protection and help in underfunded conflicts.
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