livelihood

The issue of livelihood is one of the most important issues that concern many people, regardless of their beliefs and origins, and this appears in their conversations among themselves and the nature of their preoccupations.[1] The issue of livelihood is a very present issue in the religion of Islam. The Noble Qur’an has established in many places the fact that God is the Provider. He said – the Mighty and Sublime:[2] And the Lord – Glory be to Him – commanded His servants to walk in the paths of the earth, and to seek what God has ordained for them of sustenance.[3] And he said: (And others strike on the ground, seeking God’s grace).[4] And because people fear for their livelihood; God Almighty reassured His servants that the command of livelihood is in his hand, glory be to Him, and he said: (And I have not created jinn and mankind except to worship, what I want from them from the livelihood, and what I want, whoever wants to be.[5][6] And the Muslim has to differentiate between the causes and their causes, for God – the Mighty and Sublime – is the predeterminer of the causes and harnesses them to create him. That God is the Provider, and He has predestined means for this sustenance, and he must take the means of sustenance with complete certainty that God is the Provider and the Provider for His servants, the means of sustenance.[7] And from the ways of the Lord – the Most High – in the matter of sustenance is that He made means for which the sustenance of the servants is blessed, and other reasons that are a reason for narrowing their livelihoods and extracting blessings from them. What are the causes of narrow livelihood?

Reasons for narrowness in livelihood

There are many reasons for the narrowness of livelihood, and the scholars have clarified these reasons as a warning against them, and an invitation to avoid them. It can be said that among the most important of these reasons are the following:[8]

  • Fornication: Where some scholars have argued that committing the indecency of adultery leads to poverty, anxiety and loss of livelihood, God Almighty said:[9]
  • It came in the hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Omar – may God be pleased with them – the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: “Oh immigrants, there are five qualities. الَّتي لم تكنْ في أسلافِهم ولم ينقُصوا المكيالَ والميزانَ إلَّا أُخِذوا بالسِّنين وشِدَّةِ المُؤنةِ وجَورِ السُّلطانِ ولم يَمنعوا زكاةَ أموالِهم إلَّا مُنعوا القَطْرَ من السَّماءِ ولولا البهائمُ لم يُمطَروا ولا نقضوا عهدَ اللهِ وعهدَ رسولِه إلَّا سلَّط عليهم عدوًّا من غيرِهم فيأخذَ بعضَ ما في أيديهم وما لم تحكُمْ أئمَّتُهم in the Book of God except that their share will be placed between them).[10] Where the hadith explicitly referred to important reasons for the interruption of sustenance, its narrowness, and the extraction of blessing from it; The hadith mentioned:
  • The spread of usury and the prevalence of dealing with it, and the Lord – Glory be to Him – declared war on those who insist on eating usury; فقال -تعالى-: (يَا ​​أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ وَذَرُوا مَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الرِّبَا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ*فَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلُوا فَأْذَنُوا بِحَرْبٍ مِّنَ اللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِن تُبْتُمْ فَلَكُمْ رُءُوسُ أَمْوَالِكُمْ لَا تَظْلِمُونَ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ)،[11] Concerning this, the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, says: (If fornication and usury appear in a village, they have inflicted on themselves God’s torment).[12]
  • Immoral Yemen: It is the one that a person swears by a liar knowing his lies, and most of what happens from traders in order to spend their goods, Islam has warned of the dangers of these false oaths and their evil in this world before the hereafter; Where the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – says:[13] In another hadith, he, peace be upon him, said:[14] It was reported from the working scholars that they were reluctant to swear sincerely; So how about a false and immoral oath, and it came in the news on the authority of Abu Hanifa al-Numan – may God have mercy on him – that he used to give in alms of a dinar for every honest oath he swore.
  • lying in the sale; Since lying is one of the characteristics of the unbelievers and hypocrites, and Islam has prohibited lying, deceit, and concealing the defects of the commodity from the buyer, and considering doing so is a necessity to eliminate the blessing; In the authentic hadith narrated by Hakim bin Hizam – may God be pleased with him – the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – says: .[15]
  • Monopolizing the commodity and withholding the commodity from the people who need it. The most severe monopoly is in the food and food of creation, and the monopolist is wrong in the text of the honorable hadith, as he brought himself bankruptcy from where he coveted abundant profit, and in this it came from the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him- saying: ( Whoever hoards their food over Muslims, God will strike him with leprosy and bankruptcy.[16]
  • Lack of weight and scale is one of the main causes of poor livelihood.
  • Abandoning the rule of Islamic law in the reality of people’s lives.
  • Refusal to pay zakat to those who are entitled to it.

Reasons for obtaining blessings in livelihood

In return for what a person may bring upon himself of sustenance and deprivation of his blessing; The Lord – the Most High – has legislated for His servants many reasons that give them blessing and growth in their livelihood, and He preferred – Glory be to Him – to His servants by making a lot of acts of worship and obedience a reason for blessing in their livelihood, and the most important of these many reasons:[17]

  • Forgiveness and repentance.
  • Spending for good.
  • Take care of the ties of kinship.
  • Fearing God – the Most High – and remembering His watch over commands and prohibitions.
  • Performing the rituals of Hajj and Umrah, and following up between them.
  • Good reliance on God, and the heart’s dependence on what he has – Glory be to Him.
  • Being preoccupied with the worship of God – the Most High – and not spending time in acquiring worldly pleasures.
  • Charity to the poor and needy, and kindness to the weak and redress their thoughts.
  • Arbitration of the law of God – the Almighty – in the life of a Muslim and the reality of people’s lives.
  • Commitment to performing prayer, frequent remembrance of God – Glory be to Him – and constantly thanking Him for His blessings and grace.
  • Early in the request for livelihood and the introduction of the reasons for the collection of the pension.
  • Marriage is for someone who wants to be chaste, and to protect himself from falling into immorality.
  • Be honest in buying and selling.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Hossam Al-Esawy, “The issue of livelihood, and how did Islam view it?”, www.saaid.net, accessed on 12-7-2018. act.
  2. ↑ Surah Hud, verse: 6.
  3. ↑ Surah Al-Mulk, verse: 15.
  4. ↑ Surat Al-Muzammil, verse: 20.
  5. ↑ Surat Al-Dhariyat, Verse: 56-58.
  6. ↑ Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid (3-6-1438), “Anxiety in seeking livelihood”, www.almunajjid.com, accessed on 7-12-2018. act.
  7. ↑ Muhammad Al-Munajjid (6-22-2008), “Fear of losing one’s livelihood”, www.islamqa.info, accessed on 7-12-2018. act.
  8. ↑ Muhammad Ratib al-Nabulsi (29-2-2008), “The reasons that reduce livelihood”, www.nabulsi.com, accessed on 8-12-2018. act.
  9. ↑ Surah Al-Isra, verse: 32.
  10. ↑ Narrated by Al-Mundhiri, in At-Targheeb wal-Tarhib, on the authority of Abdullah bin Omar, page or number: 2/16, its chain of transmission is authentic or good or close to them.
  11. ↑ Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse: 278-279.
  12. ↑ Narrated by Al-Mundhiri, in At-Targheeb wal-Tarhib, on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, page or number: 3/69, its chain of transmission is authentic or hasan or similar.
  13. ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, page or number: 2087, Sahih.
  14. ↑ Al-Albani narrated it, in Sahih At-Targheeb, on the authority of Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf, page or number: 1835, good for others.
  15. ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Hakim bin Hizam, page or number: 2082, Sahih.
  16. ↑ Narrated by Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani, in Fath Al-Bari by Ibn Hajar, on the authority of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, page or number: 4/408, good chain of transmission.
  17. ↑ Amir bin Muhammad Al-Madri, “The keys to livelihood and its causes”, www.saaid.net, accessed on 8-12-2018. act.

Reasons for narrow livelihood

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 22:27:01