Guidance

Guidance is a language taken from guidance, meaning guidance and indication. God Almighty said in Surat Al-Sajdah: (Did He not guide for them),[1] Where Abu Amr bin Al-Ala’ said: “Its meaning was he who did not make it clear to them”, and it is said that his gift is the way and the house, that is, you knew him.[2] As for idiomatic guidance, it was defined by al-Qurtubi, who said: Guidance is two guidance. Guidance is an indication, and it is the guidance that the Messengers and their followers are capable of. God Almighty said: (And for every people is a guide).[3] So God – the Most High – proved to the prophets and their followers guidance in the sense of denoting, calling, and warning, and God – the Most High – singled out the guidance of success and support, and God – the Most High – said to His Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of God be upon him:[4] Guidance here means creating faith in the heart, and Abu al-Maali said: Guidance may be returned, and what is meant is to guide the believers to the paths of Paradise, and the ways that lead to it.[5]

Reasons for guidance

Guidance to the straight path of God – the Most High – is the highest goal that Muslims may ask for, and for the importance of guidance between God – Glory be to Him – the reasons for it in His Noble Book, and on the tongue of His Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, and explain the reasons for guidance as follows:[6]

  • Expansion of the chest: his openness and acceptance of the teachings and rulings of Islam, and the greatest thing that helps a person to open his chest is the pure monotheism of God – the Most High – who is not mixed with doubt or polytheism. Because polytheism is one of the greatest causes that leads to tightness of the chest, so monotheism is the key to guidance to the path of God Almighty, and righteous deeds are acts of obedience, and acts of worship are the teeth of that key.
  • Persistent remembrance of God Almighty: The remembrance of God – the Most High – is a reason for the heart’s connection to its Creator; Which makes him reassuring, happy chest.
  • Taking care of reciting the Book of God with contemplation, contemplation and reverence: The effect of the Noble Qur’an on the souls is clear and witnessed, no matter how hard and hard those hearts are, and no matter how miserable and misguided the person is.
  • Contemplation on the wonderful creations of God Almighty: Continuous consideration of the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, so whoever contemplates the universe with its movements and stillnesses is certain that it was made by a wise and expert, so meditation increases the believer in humility and submission to God Almighty.
  • Accompanying the righteous and the good: and staying away from the company of the wicked corrupt, for how many misguided are guided by God – the Most High – at the hands of his righteous companions.
  • Plenty of supplication: it is the believer’s weapon during adversity and calamities. No matter how many reasons a Muslim makes for guidance, supplication and a question of success from God must be a companion to him in every case. The Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – in what he narrates from God – Blessed and Exalted is He He said: (O My servants, all of you are straying except from His gift, so guide me and I will guide you).[7]
  • Knowledge of God and His Names and Attributes: It is necessary for the one who wants guidance to have knowledge of God and His names and attributes, for it is the right of God – the Most High – over His servants to worship Him and not associate anything with Him.[8]
  • Faith: belief and belief in the heart, speaking with the tongue, and working with the limbs and elements, and it is one of the greatest causes of guidance.[8]
  • Repentance to God Almighty from sins and disobedience: If the servant repents of what he committed in the right of God Almighty, and turns to Him; God guided him to the path of guidance.[8]
  • Struggling with oneself and Satan: Likewise jihad against the enemies of God Almighty, and striving against oneself is based on learning knowledge, acting on it, inviting to it, and being patient against harm in it, and striving against Satan is by staying away from suspicions and forbidden desires that he casts in the soul of a believing servant.[8]
  • Paying attention to reading the Sunnah of the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – and his biography: and its compliance in daily life, and reading the hadiths contained in God’s forgiveness and his guidance to people, as well as reading the biographies of the Companions, may God be pleased with them.[9]
  • Attending assemblies of knowledge: where attention should be paid to attending the knowledge boards of the divine scholars, as well as attending seminars and advocacy lectures for preachers, sheikhs, and reformers.[9]

Kinds of guidance

Guidance is divided into four types, and the explanation of these types is as follows:[10]

  • General Guidance: It is the common guidance that is for all creation, for God – the Most High – gave everything its form in which no one else is suspected, and gave each member its own shape and form, and gave each existing creature what is specific to it, then guided it to what He created for it of works, and these are Guidance pervades the animal that moves with its will to bring what benefits it and repel what harms it, and also the guidance of inanimate objects that are subjected to what they were created for. And guide each pair of animals to mating, procreation, and raising a child.
  • Guidance of statement and indication: It is the guidance of definition, for God – the Most High – has made known to His servants the path of good and evil, and the path of salvation and destruction, but this guidance does not require complete guidance, as it is a reason and a condition that does not necessitate guidance, and for this reason guidance may be negated with its existence, for God – Blessed and Exalted be He – has sent prophets; To guide the previous nations to the path of guidance, but they preferred misguidance over guidance.
  • Guidance of success and inspiration: It is the guidance that requires guidance, so guidance does not lag behind it. God Almighty said: (He who guides God is the one who is guided).[11]
  • Purpose of guidance: It is the guidance to Heaven and Hell when the people of Paradise are led to Paradise, and the people of Hell are led to Hell.

Obstacles to guidance

There are many things that turn away from guidance and prevent people from following the path of the guided, and these obstacles are explained as follows:[12]

  • Following wrong customs and traditions, glorifying ancestors, and following fathers and grandfathers on their error and misguidance.
  • Following one’s desires, for desires have led many people astray, and kept them away from the path of guidance.
  • whimsical Because it leads his companion to betrayal, for the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – said: (As for the fatal things: stinginess is obeyed, whims are followed, and one’s self-admiration is hadith).[13]
  • Procrastination, and prolonged hope that deters a person from rushing to guidance and repentance.
  • The apology of the sinner by the predestination of God – the Most High – when he is called to repentance and guidance, as if he says: The hearts are in the hands of God, and if God – the Most High – wants us to be guided, we will be guided. Because God – the Most High – made clear the path of truth and the path of error.
  • Insisting on disobedience, and not repenting until one becomes dark in heart, and believes that the door of repentance is closed, and that God – the Most High – cannot forgive him.
  • A limited understanding of the truth of uprightness in the religion of God Almighty, and a lack of knowledge of the moderation of Islam.
  • Obscene wealth that leads to tyranny, as well as lust for fame, position, and prestige, which leads its owner astray in order to attain it.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Surat Al-Sajdah, Verse: 26.
  2. ↑ Muhammad ibn Abd al-Qadir (1999), Mukhtar al-Sahah (5th ed.), Beirut: Al-Mataba al-Asriyya, p. 325. Adapted.
  3. ↑ Surah Ar-Ra’d, Verse: 7.
  4. ↑ Surat Al-Qasas, Verse: 56.
  5. ↑ Al-Qurtubi (1964), Al-Jami’ Al-Ahkam Al-Qur’an (Second Edition), Cairo: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Masryah, p. 160, Part 1. Adapted.
  6. ↑ Abdullah Al-Zahem (11-24-2014), “One of the reasons for guidance”, www.alukah.net, accessed on May 23, 2019 act.
  7. ↑ Narrated by Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Abu Dhar Al-Ghafari, page or number: 2577, authentic.
  8. ^ ABT Muhammad Al-Munajjid, “Asbab al-Hedaya”, knowingallah.com, accessed on May 23, 2019 act.
  9. ^ AB “One of the reasons for guidance”, binbaz.org.sa, accessed on May 23, 2019. act.
  10. ↑ Ibn al-Qayyim (1425), Badi` al-Fawa`id (1st ed.), Makkah al-Mukarramah: Dar Alam al-Fawa`id, p. 445-448, part 2. Adapted.
  11. ↑ Surat Al-A’raf, verse: 178.
  12. ↑ Muhammad Al-Munajjid (9-28-1432), “The Year of Guidance and Misguidance”, www.almunajjid.com, accessed on May 23, 2019. act.
  13. ↑ Narrated by Al-Albani, in Sahih At-Targheeb, on the authority of Abdullah bin Omar, page or number: 2607, good for others.

Reasons for guidance

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-12 20:36:01