Prostatitis

Prostatitis is a painful inflammation of the prostate gland, which is a small gland that wraps around the urethra in men. Prostatitis is the most common prostate disease in men under the age of fifty, and prostatitis may be acute, rapid onset and rapid for treatment, or chronic, occurring slowly, sometimes lasting for several months, and reappearing again.[1]

Prostate treatment depends on the type of inflammation causing the prostate, and treatment methods can be indicated as follows:[2]

  • Pharmacological treatments: which include the following:
  • Surgery: Surgical treatment is used in rare cases of prostatitis; For example, if there is a defect in the bladder or urethra, causing chronic and recurrent prostatitis.
  • Other treatments: such as physical therapy, acupuncture, and the use of a sitz bath. These methods relieve symptoms of prostatitis, especially if it is chronic.
  • Antibiotics: They are used to treat prostatitis if a bacterial infection is the cause. It usually requires taking oral antibiotics from four to six weeks, but sometimes the infection is severe and requires hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics. In other cases, the inflammation is chronic, requiring a longer period of treatment, or taking it in lower doses continuously.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, are used to relieve pain and inflammation, but it should be noted that they should be used with caution in elderly patients because they may affect high blood pressure. .
  • Alpha-blockers: (English: Alpha-blockers), which work by relaxing the muscles of the prostate and bladder to help the flow of urine.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Prostatic hyperplasia is a natural process of aging, in which the larger prostate gland presses on the urethra, leading to a health condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia. The patient suffers from difficulty starting and finishing urination, in addition to weak urine flow. It is worth noting that BPH differs from prostate cancer and is not considered a factor in infection.[3]

The treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia depends on the age, the size of the prostate, the severity that affects the patient’s life, and other factors. The most important treatments can be stated as follows:[3]

  • Lifestyle change: Among the changes that help in treatment are the following:
  • Drug therapy: It is used to treat mild to moderate enlargement of the prostate. The methods of action of these drugs vary. Some relax the muscles of the prostate and bladder, and others reduce the size of the enlarged prostate gland.
  • Surgical treatment: It is used as a last option if lifestyle changes and drug treatment are unsuccessful, in which the doctor may remove part or all of the prostate gland.
  • Drink less caffeinated beverages and avoid drinking alcohol.
  • Reducing fluid intake, especially before going to bed.
  • Do exercises that strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer usually affects men over the age of fifty, and there is no specific cause for infection, but advancing age and family history are contributory factors, and it should be noted that cancer cells in the early stages are limited to the prostate gland only, but with the progression of the disease may spread to other parts of the body; Like bones by injuring the vascular and lymphatic systems.[4]

Prostate cancer treatment depends on the patient’s condition, the nature of the disease, and other factors. Treatment methods can be described as follows:[4]

  • surgical treatment; Which is the removal of the prostate.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Hormone therapy, also known as androgen deprivation therapy.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • excision therapy; Such as High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound.
  • Watch and wait.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Prostate Diseases”, www.healthinaging.org, 3-2018, Retrieved 3-31-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Prostate Diseases”, www.healthinaging.org, 3-2018, Retrieved 3-31-2019. Edited.
  3. ^ AB Nazia Q Bandukwala (4-12-2018), “What Is BPH?”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 31-3-2019. Edited.
  4. ^ AB “Prostate disease”, www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au,12-2018, Retrieved 31-3-2019. Edited.

Prostate diseases and their treatment

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-19 17:12:01