The female reproductive system consists of many organs, including the ovaries, uterus, vagina, cervix, and fallopian tubes, each of which is located in a specific part, where the ovaries are located in the area between the hips specifically in the lower part of the abdomen, and it is worth noting that the ovaries It produces female hormones, i.e. estrogen and progesterone, and it produces an egg every month, which is destined either for fertilization or as blood as part of the menstrual cycle, and upon reaching menopause, the ovaries are unable to produce eggs, and the level of hormones they produce decreases .[١]

ovarian cysts

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts may affect women during a certain stage of their lives, and they may also affect pregnant women, but the majority of these cysts disappear on their own within months, while they may cause pain and discomfort in some cases. Ovarian cysts appear in the form of fluid-filled cysts or solid cysts on the ovary, and there are a number of symptoms that indicate their presence, and these symptoms include the following:[٢][٣]

  • Feeling of pressure, swelling, or bloating in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst.
  • Intermittent pain, which may be sharp or dull.
  • rapid breathing;
  • fever.
  • nausea;
  • Weakness.
  • dizziness;
  • Severe and sudden pain in the pelvis and abdomen.

Types of ovarian cysts

  • Follicular cyst: The ovary produces one egg each month, surrounded by a fluid-filled sac until it matures, then moves to the fallopian tube to be ready for fertilization, and when the follicle cannot burst and release the egg, it produces a follicular cyst that continues to grow It disintegrates within several months.
  • Corpus luteum cyst: This cyst occurs after the follicle bursts to release the egg, where the remaining tissue is called the follicle, and if fluid accumulates inside it, it forms the corpus luteum cyst.
  • Endometriosis: This type of cyst causes pain during menstruation and sexual intercourse.
  • Dermoid cysts: Dermoid cysts or teratomas are formed from embryonic cells, and may cause cancers in rare cases.
  • Cystadenoma: This type of cyst forms on the outside of the ovary.

Complications of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts may lead to complications, as follows:[٥]

  • Ovarian torsion: The increase in the size of these cysts may lead to the exit of the ovary from its usual position in the pelvis, and this in itself causes the ovary to rotate, whether fully or partially.
  • Ruptured ovarian cysts: This occurs due to the opening and rupture of the fluid-filled ovarian cysts, and the danger lies in this when the cystic fluid leaks into the stomach cavity, leading to bleeding or blood poisoning (English: Sepsis).

polycystic ovaries

Polycystic ovaries symptoms

Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the problems that affect women and prevent pregnancy, and this problem appears in the form of the growth of many small cysts on the ovaries, accompanied by a disturbance in the level of hormones in the body, so that the male hormones, i.e. androgen hormone ( Androgen) is higher than usual, and the symptoms of this condition appear as follows:[٦][٧][٨]

  • the appearance of acne;
  • Depression.
  • Weight gain.
  • Fertility problems.
  • Headaches, may occur as a result of a hormonal disorder.
  • Irregularity and disruption of the menstrual cycle, in some cases heavy bleeding occurs, and in other cases the woman stops menstruating, and the number of cycles does not exceed eight cycles during the year.
  • Hirsutism: Hair growth increases on the face, chest, back, abdomen, and other places as a result of the high level of the hormone androgen, while the scalp hair becomes light and similar to baldness in men.

Causes of polycystic ovaries

  • Genetic and genetic causes: Some genes may contribute to PCOS.
  • Inflammation: Excess weight contributes to inflammation, and this in itself increases the level of the hormone androgen, and this is linked to the occurrence of problems in the heart and blood vessels.
  • Insulin resistance: Weight gain causes insulin resistance, and accordingly the level of the hormone insulin increases in the body, which stimulates the ovaries to increase the secretion of the hormone androgen.

Polycystic ovaries complications

Polycystic ovary syndrome may cause many complications, the most prominent of which are the following:[٨][٩]

  • infertility;
  • Cardiovascular disease.
  • eating disorders;
  • Feeling depressed and anxious.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Miscarriage or premature birth.
  • Prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.
  • Excess weight, especially in the abdominal area, and this makes women vulnerable to many risks.
  • Gestational diabetes.
  • Pregnancy-related high blood pressure.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
  • Endometrial cancer.
  • Metabolic Syndrome: A group of health conditions, including high blood pressure, impaired glucose tolerance, and high cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “The Ovaries”, www.macmillan.org.uk,5-31-2015, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  2. ^ AB Nivin Todd (13-2-2017), “What Is an Ovarian Cyst?”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  3. ^ AB “Ovarian cysts”, www.mayoclinic.org, 7-8-2017, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  4. ↑ “THE 6 TYPES OF OVARIAN CYSTS (AND WHAT YOU CAN DO ABOUT THEM)”, www.blackdoctor.org, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  5. ↑ “Aggravated Cysts: Complications of Ovarian Cysts”, www.ovariancystmiraclereview.org, Retrieved 15-3-2018. Edited.
  6. ↑ “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Topic Overview”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  7. ^ a b “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  8. ^ a b c “Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)”, www.mayoclinic.org, 8-29-2017, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.
  9. ↑ “Complications”, www.jeanhailes.org.au,24-7-2017, Retrieved 8-3-2018. Edited.

Ovarian cysts and ovarian cysts

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 12:42:01