America is characterized by its multiple states, each of which is characterized by something of its own. Learn about Ohio America, which is located in the west of America, its area, its distinctive geographical features, its people’s languages and religions, in addition to its economy, tourism, and various other matters.
Ohio is located in the Midwest region of America, with a total area of 44.825 square miles, and it is ranked 34th in terms of area among the 50 states.
It is bordered on the north by Lake Erie, on the east by Pennsylvania, on the southeast by West Virginia, on the southwest by Kentucky, and on the west by Indiana. Ohio was formerly known as Buckeye State, and its flag is the only non-rectangular flag of the United States.
The state is named after the Ohio River, meaning the Great River.
Ohio originated in America in the lands west of Appalachia, a conflict zone during the wars that took place in northwestern India. In the late 18th century it was separated from the Northwest Territory and here was the first new frontier of the United States and became the 17th state admitted into the Union in 1803.
Ohio then became one of the most important industrial powers and the most influential regions during the twentieth century. In the twenty-first century, Ohio relied on technology and services in its economy, but until now it is still a major industrial country.
Ohio’s geographic location has helped economic growth and expansion, as it is the state that links the Northeast and the Midwest.
Ohio has a 312-mile coastline with Lake Erie, which allows for many ports like Cleveland and Toledo.
The southeastern quarter of the state is rugged, and one-third of the state’s land area is part of the Appalachian region, with only 12.8% of Ohioans living.
There are many rivers in the state, including the Koya Hoga River, the Great Miami River, the Sioto River, and the Maumee River. The rivers drain into the northern part of the state through Lake Erie, and in the southern part through the Ohio River into the Gulf of Mexico.
The western part of the state also has the largest artificial lake in the world. As for the prevailing climate in the state, it is humid continental, and it is one of the areas that have historically been subjected to earthquakes, but to a moderate degree with little damage.
Demographics in Ohio
Ohio’s population increased by 2.4% between 2010 and 2020, where the state’s population in 2020 was about 1,180,848 people, with whites in it with a large density and they are the majority. The 2020 demographics of Ohio were as follows:
79.9% Non-Hispanic White, 12.3% African American, 2.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.4% other races.
The dominant primary language is English in addition to Spanish, German, Chinese, Arabic, French and Slavic.
The latest statistics in Ohio showed the following percentages of religions in the state:
73% Christian, 22% non-religious, 1% Jewish, 1% Muslim, 1% Buddhist, 1% Mormon.
Ohio ranked second for the best business climate in 2010, and since 2016 the state’s gross domestic product has reached $626 billion and is the seventh largest economy among all 50 states. It was also ranked as the 10th best tax system in 2009.
The number of jobs in 2016 in Ohio was about 4790178, and the number of establishments for employers amounted to 252,201 establishments. Ohio’s unemployment rate in 2018 was around 4.5%, significantly lowering compared to 2010 when the unemployment rate was 10.7%.
In 2019, the average household income was $58,642, and 13.1% of the population was below the poverty line.
Industrial and financial activities account for 18.3% of the state’s GDP. Ohio has the third largest industrial power in the United States after California and Texas, and has the largest biosciences sector in the Midwest.
Ohio excels in the production of plastics, rubber, electrical equipment, and manufactured metals. Ohio’s largest sector of employment is commerce, transportation, and utilities, as well as health, education, and services.
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Politics in Ohio
Ohio oscillates between the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. In 2019 there were more than 7.8 million voters in Ohio, 1.3 million Democrats and 1.9 million Republicans.
Since 2010 Ohio’s demographics have tended to elect the Republican Party, Ohio has been called the Mother of Presidents since six US presidents have come from Ohio.
After the 2010 census Ohio lost two seats in the US House of Representatives, and in 2020 the state was ranked 17th as the hardest state to vote for citizens.
Ohio has three branches of government: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.
The executive branch is led by the Governor of Ohio, and there is also a Deputy Governor who, in the event of his removal from office and other duties, may act on his behalf. The state also has other positions including Secretary of State, Treasurer, Auditor, and Attorney General. There are 21 state administrative divisions in the executive branch.
The legislative branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The Senate is made up of 33 districts, each senator representing about 330,000 electors. The House of Representatives consists of 99 members.
The Republican Party controls both houses.
As for the judiciary, there are three levels of judiciary in the state, the lowest level is the General Court of Appeals, the middle level is the district court system, and the highest level is the Ohio Supreme Court consisting of seven judges and it hears the courts of appeals.
Education in Ohio
Ohio University is considered the number one university in the Northwest Territory and in its system it is similar to that of universities in other states. The state’s Ministry of Education manages educational institutions for the primary and secondary levels. There are 700 educational districts in the state.
Among the most famous universities in Ohio are: Central State University, Ohio State University, Miami University, Cleveland State University, University of Toledo, Wright State University.
Ohio is a major east-west corridor, with Main Market Road 3, which forms part of the Lincoln Expressway, connecting New York City and San Francisco.
Ohio has a well-developed network of interstate highways, an extensive network of bike paths and railroad tracks, and many hiking trails.
The state has four international airports, four commercial airports and two military airports.
Tourism in Ohio
Ohio America has many tourist attractions, the most important of which are the Cleveland Museum of Art, which is the fourth richest art museum in the United States and specializes in Asian and Egyptian art, the Columbus Museum of Art, which represents American and European art, and the Cincinnati Museum of Art and includes more than 100,000 A work spanning over 6000 years.
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