Thanks to the technological development in the medical field, the operations of the heart transplantation became a lot of flexibility and ease, as there was hope for patients with organ transplants, after creating a device that could keep the heart alive for 24 hours.
Currently, a donated heart can usually only last about 4 hours as it is transferred to the person who needs it, but by pumping fluids through the blood vessels, and using oxygen pulses that simulate the heartbeat, scientists have experimented with keeping the pig’s hearts For 24 hours.
The latest figures, as presented by the Daily Mail report, show that there are 328 people in the UK waiting for a heart, including 39 children. Many are forced to wait until it is too late, and the numbers indicate that about three quarters of donated hearts cannot be used in United kingdom.
Dr. Raphael Veraza, of the University of Texas Health in San Antonio, presented his findings on swine hearts, which still appear oxygenated with viable cells after 24 hours, at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Seattle.
He said: “The first heart was moved more than 50 years ago by putting it on the ice, and after several decades it is done in the same way. But being able to keep the heart going for 24 hours means that you can move it almost anywhere in the world, and this It can save many lives. “
What is the process of heart transplant
A heart transplant is the process of replacing a damaged heart with a healthy heart from a recently deceased donor, and it may be recommended when a person’s life is at risk because the heart is no longer functioning effectively.
Why are heart transplants done?
A heart transplant can be done if you have severe heart failure and medical treatments have not helped. Conditions that may eventually require a heart transplant include:
Coronary heart disease – when fatty substances accumulate in the arteries that supply the heart, which block or stop blood flow to the heart.
Cardiomyopathy – as the walls of the heart become stretched, thick, or solid.
Congenital heart disease – birth defects that affect the way the heart works naturally.
What happens during a heart transplant?
The heart transplant should be performed as soon as possible after the donor heart is available, as the procedure is performed under general anesthesia, where you are asleep.
During its implementation, the cardiac bypass device will be used to maintain blood circulation in the oxygen-rich blood.
A cut is made in the middle of the chest. Then your heart is removed, the donor heart is connected to the main arteries and veins, and the new heart must start beating normally.