Get acquainted with us on the map of the US state of Ohio, with its geography, population, area, numerous cities, and its economic importance to the United States of America.

Ohio is located in the North American continent and is one of the 50 states in the United States of America. It is located in the northeastern United States on the northern edge of the Midwest.

The state is bordered by Ontario, Canada, by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Indiana to the west, and West Virginia and Kentucky to the southeast and south. It is located in the Great Lakes region.

Ohio ranks 34th in terms of total area among the 50 states, and is one of the smallest states west of the Appalachian Mountains, with an area of ​​44,825 square miles (116,096 square kilometers).

The largest city in Ohio is Columbus, with a population of 11,594,163 (2014 est.), Ohio lies between coordinates 40.5N and 82.5W.

Official language: English, neighboring countries Canada, Mexico and the currency is US dollars.

Origin of the name: The state takes its name from the Ohio River, which in turn owes its name to an Iroquois word meaning “great waters.”

Map of the US state of Ohio

Map of the US state of Ohio

Ohio’s geography

Ohio has been strongly influenced by patterns of human settlement and land use. The terrain, river systems, groundwater, and soils are a product of glacial activity.

Ohio has three main geographic regions: the 330 km long Lake Erie coast, the central lowlands in the west, and the Appalachian Plateau in the east.

* Lake Erie Shallows:

It is located in the far south and is one of the five greatest lakes in North America, which is the 11th freshwater lake in the world, and this lake and its surroundings are important sources of many minerals.

Many of the lake’s islands belong to the state of Ohio and are all located in the county of Ottawa. The most important of these islands are: Kelly’s Island is the largest of the American Lake Erie islands, South Bass Island, Middle Pass Island, and North Bass Island, with a village known as St. George’s Island.

Ohio is best known for Cedar Falls in Hocking Hills, and Cave Rock House in Hocking Hills State Park.

The Midwest and Lowlands dominate the western part of Ohio, with stunning natural landscapes and plains as far as Lake Erie.

The Plains of Lake Huron Aire form part of northwest Ohio along the lake and state border with Glaciers across this region created flat surfaces for the Central Lowland Province during the Ice Age, as core rock was chipped and smoothed, drainage systems destroyed, and sediment formed in valleys by ice sheets.

The highest point in Logan County is Campbell, which at 472 m (1,549 ft) is the highest natural point in Ohio.

Lowest point: Ohio River at the Indiana border.

* Appalachian plateau in the east, which is the largest area in the state of Ohio, and the western and northern part of it have been frozen

During the Pleistocene Ice Age, ice covered the landscape of broad, flat hills and valleys. The unfrozen part of the Appalachian Plateau is called the Allegheny Plateau.

rivers in ohio

The major rivers in the US state of Ohio map are the Cuyahoga River, the Great Miami River, the Maumee River, the Muskingum River, and the Sioto River.

The southern rivers of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico through the Ohio River.

the climate

Ohio’s climate type ranges from humid continental type to humid subtropical.

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Ohio population and area

The population of Ohio is about 11.6 million people, according to the statistics of 2019, and about 80% of Ohio’s residents are white, and it ranks seventh in terms of population and tenth in population density among the states of the United States.

While it is ranked 34th in terms of area, it covers an area of ​​44,825 square miles (116,096 square kilometers).

It is somewhat larger than Bulgaria and slightly smaller than Nicaragua, and if compared to other American states, Ohio fits Texas 6 times.

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Ohio Cities

There are many cities and towns in Ohio, and its largest cities are Columbus, and Greater Cleveland which is the largest metropolitan area located entirely within the state of Ohio, and Greater Cincinnati is the largest metropolitan area located at least partially within the state of Ohio. Both Cleveland and Cincinnati have a population of about 2.1 one million population.

Other major cities are Toledo, Akron and Dayton.

The largest airports in the state are Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, John Glenn Columbus International Airport.

Largest cities in Ohio with population over 100,000:

Columbus (873,000) people, Cleveland (384000), Cincinnati (302,000), Toledo (275,000), Akron (198000), Dayton (140,000), Parma Cuyahoga (78103), Canton Stark (70447), Youngstown Mahoning (65469), Lorraine (63855), according to 2018 statistics.

Other Cities and Towns in Ohio

Alliance, Ashland, Ashtabula, Athena, Barberton, Beavercreek, Bellefontein, Bowling Green, Buqueros, Cambridge, Canton, Chillicothe, Circleville, Coshocton, Cuyahoga Falls, Defiance, East Liverpool, Illyria, Euclid, Fairfield, Findlay, Fostoria, Fremont, Sydney , Springfield, Steubenville, Strongsville, Upper Arlington, Van Wert, Warren, Washington Court House, Westerville, Worcester, Youngstown, and Zanesville.

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Ohio State flag

Map of the US state of Ohio

Ohio adopted the seal in 1803, abolished it in 1805, and in 1868 the original design was re-approved and modified to its present form in 1967.

The state coat of arms in the center of the seal shows a group of 17 arrows next to a bundle of wheat.

The cardinal is the state bird of Ohio.

Ohio’s state flower is the scarlet carnation.

Ohio soils are suitable for agriculture. The fertile Central Plains soils naturally contain glacial limestone, are rich in phosphate, which is one of the main ingredients in fertilizers, and the Lake Plains soils are highly productive.

The sandstone-based soils of central and northeastern Ohio are adapted to pasture lands, while the hilly and heavily eroded areas of the southeastern state.

The importance of the US state of Ohio

Ohio was one of the first states to be carved out of the Northwest Territory, and it was the seventeenth member of the union on March 1, 1803.

On the other hand, Ohio reflects the civilized, industrial, multi-ethnic and multicultural nature of the United States, which has developed from an agricultural country to an industrial and commercial state.

And the pattern of this state is used to test attitudes, ideas, and commercial products. Ohio is the birthplace of eight American presidents: William H. Harrison, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, and James Oaren J. Harding.

Perhaps the accessibility of the state is the main factor in the growth of this state, in addition to its location between the eastern coast and the heart of the Midwest, and its lack of natural barriers to movement, making it a corridor for travel between East and West.

In addition, this state is located in the heart of the country’s old industrial belt, near the main resources of raw materials and labor and the markets of the East, Midwest and South.

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