Hepatomegaly

Liver enlargement is an increase in the size of the liver so that it is larger than its normal size, and the liver is located in the upper right side of the abdomen, and it is considered one of the vital organs of the body, as it works to produce substances that help raise the performance of vital processes in the human body such as the coagulation process and it also helps to rid the body It is one of the harmful toxins, and the enlargement of the liver occurs as a result of exposure to some problems such as infections. In some cases, the enlargement of the liver may lead to cirrhosis. In our article, we will mention the causes, symptoms and treatment methods of the enlarged liver.

Symptoms of an enlarged liver

  • Feeling pain in the abdomen.
  • Weakness and tiredness of the body.
  • jaundice;
  • Body weight loss.
  • nausea;
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen (satiety) and loss of comfort.

Causes of an enlarged liver

  • The presence of infection caused by the abscess or by some viruses, parasites, schistosomiasis, and hepatic amebiasis.
  • The accumulation of toxins in the body.
  • Liver infection such as hepatitis C virus.
  • Increased fat content in the liver.
  • It may sometimes be caused by certain treatments.
  • Having problems with metabolism.
  • The body’s autoimmune exposure to diseases.
  • Genetic diseases, which in this case work to increase the percentage of building proteins, fats and other substances in the body than the normal limit.
  • Infection of the liver with boils.
  • Infection of the liver with tumors, whether these tumors are inside the liver or outside, but they are extended and able to reach it, as in this case it grows abnormally, which leads to its enlargement.
  • Having problems that impede the normal and proper flow of blood.
  • Hepatic vein obstruction.
  • Heart problems and weakness can be one of the main causes of an enlarged liver.
  • Incidence of some types of cancer, such as leukemia and lymphoma, in addition to liver cancer.
  • Infection of the tissues surrounding the heart with some infections.
  • Excessive alcohol intake.

Hepatomegaly treatment

When neglecting the treatment of hepatomegaly, it causes a major problem, which is exposure to the failure and inability of the liver to perform its vital functions. Therefore, care must be taken to consult a specialist doctor to determine the main cause of hepatomegaly and the need to take the necessary measures and examinations to stop these causes and thus be able to treat an enlarged disease Liver This is done by:

  • Consult a doctor and do a clinical examination of the abdomen to confirm the presence of infection, so that the specialist can estimate the size of the liver by touching it with the hands and determining the level of its extension below the rib cage area, in addition to noting it when touching the liver if it contains lumps or if it is soft or irregular or hard.
  • If the doctor confirms that the infection has occurred in this case, he will do more tests to identify the main cause of this infection, and among these tests, blood tests are done and this is done by taking a sample of the patient’s blood to facilitate determining the level of liver enzymes and viruses that cause liver enlargement.
  • Taking a biopsy of the liver tissue to perform the necessary tests in the laboratory, by using a long and thin needle that is inserted into the liver through the skin layer so that it withdraws some tissue that is sent to the laboratory.
  • Imaging tests, such as computed tomography, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging to make a visual map of hardened liver tissue, and this examination is a good alternative to taking a liver biopsy.
  • Treatment with medications, where the cause of the infection is determined, the condition is diagnosed, and appropriate treatments are taken to stop the causes that lead to an enlarged liver.

Liver enlargement symptoms video

What are the symptoms that may indicate that the size of the liver has increased from its normal size? :

Liver enlargement causes and treatment

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-20 14:45:01