The wisdom of the legality of prayer
God Almighty legislated the acts of worship and made in them the righteousness of hearts and bodies, as they are considered righteousness for the individual and society, as the righteousness of the hearts in it is the righteousness of the bodies, according to what the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: It is the heart.) Among those acts of worship is the prayer in which the servant is connected to his Lord Almighty, and which purifies the hearts from sins and misdeeds, and in which there is reverence and submission to God Almighty, when bowing and lowering the head and back in humiliation and glorification of God the One, the Almighty, and in which the awareness of God’s exaltation and greatness is through prostration. And put his upper limbs on the ground. 
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The scholars differed in the division of the acts of prayer. The majority of jurists divided the acts of prayer into duties and Sunnahs, while the Hanbali jurists disagreed with them and divided the acts of prayer into three sections. They are: the pillars, the duties, and the Sunnahs, and they differentiate between the pillar and the duty that the pillar is not omitted by inadvertent or intentionally, while the obligatory is waived in the case of forgetfulness or ignorance and is forced by the prostration of forgetfulness. Some of its pillars, while the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, did not repeat his prayer when he forgot an obligatory prayer, which is the middle tashahhud, and he did not return to him after standing up, but rather made him perform the prostration of forgetfulness.
Pillars of prayer
Linguistically, the pillar is defined as the strongest aspect of a thing, and technically, the pillars of worship are defined as actions from the essence of worship itself, and worship is not valid without them. By following the legal texts, with the aim of simplifying the learning of worship, and understanding its provisions, including prayer, and the following is a statement of its pillars:
- Standing: the obligatory prayer is invalidated in the event of not standing except in exceptional cases; Such as illness, or disability due to imprisonment, or nakedness, or fear and others, and standing is not considered a cornerstone in the supererogatory prayer according to the hadith of Imran bin Al-Hussein, may God be pleased with him, when the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, asked about the prayer of a man sitting, and he said: (If he prays standing, it is better And whoever prays sitting, he will have half the reward of one who is standing.) Among the evidences that standing is a cornerstone for which the obligatory prayer is not valid except in the words of God Almighty: In addition to the saying of the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him: (Pray standing, and if you are not able, then sitting, and if you are not able, then on your side).And Ibn Hubayrah’s statement in Al-Ifsah: (They agreed that standing in the obligatory prayer is obligatory for the one who is able to perform it, and that when he neglects it while being able to do so, his prayer is not valid).
- The opening takbeer: It is the only takbeer of all the takbeers of prayer that is considered one of the pillars of prayer, and the prayer is not valid without it, in accordance with what was narrated by Abu Huraira, may God be pleased with him, on the authority of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, that he said: Face the qiblah and say the takbeer).
- Reciting Al-Fatihah: The majority of jurists believe that reciting Al-Fatihah is one of the pillars of prayer, and prayer is not valid unless it is recited in every rak’ah.
- Bowing: Bowing is considered one of the pillars of prayer, as God Almighty says: (O you who have believed, bow and prostrate, and worship your Lord, and do good, for you to do good). In addition to the consensus transmitted by Ibn Hazm in the ranks of consensus, where he said: (And they agreed that bowing is obligatory).
- Moderation in bowing: It indicates that moderation in bowing is one of the pillars of prayer, so that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, persisted in doing it, and he is the one who said: (Pray as you have seen me praying). It is worth noting that the patient who cannot correct his crucifixion is excused for not doing so.
- Prostration: It should be noted that it is obligatory to prostrate on seven bones, for whoever does not prostrate on them, his prayers are not valid, according to what was narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with him, that he said: and the ends of the feet).
- Raising from prostration: Sitting between the two prostrations is one of the pillars of prayer, in accordance with what was narrated by the Mother of the Believers Aisha, may God be pleased with her, that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, if he raised his head from prostration, did not prostrate until he was sitting straight.
- Tranquility: The majority of scholars have said that tranquility is a cornerstone in all the actions of prayer, and what is meant by tranquility is stillness sufficient to say the necessary remembrance, and the reason for the necessity of tranquility in the pillars is that prayer is an act of worship with words and actions, and not just movements, so every corner must be given its right .
- The last tashahhud: the last sitting, the tashahhud in it, and the prayer of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, is one of the pillars of prayer.
- Arrangement: Failure to adhere to the arrangement of the pillars of prayer invalidates it, so it begins with standing, then bowing, then raising, then prostrating, then sitting, then prostrating, and so on.
- Deliverance: The surrender is an expression of saying peace be upon you and the mercy of God on the right and the left, and in fact there is a dispute among scholars regarding the obligation of the two deliveries, as a group of them said that both deliveries are obligatory, while the other party said that the first surrender is obligatory, and the second is Sunnah.
There are eight obligatory duties in prayer that are waived in the event of forgetfulness, and the prostration of forgetfulness makes them obligatory, and they are: 
- All the takbeers in prayer except the takbeer of Ihram, which is considered a pillar.
- Saying God heard to those who praise him when rising from kneeling.
- Saying: (Our Lord, praise be to You).
- Saying Glory be to my Lord the Great at least once while bowing.
- Saying Glory be to my Lord the Most High at least once while prostrating.
- Saying, Lord, forgive me while sitting between the two prostrations.
- The first tashahhud.
- Sitting for the first tashahhud.
- ↑ Narrated by Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Al-Nu`man bin Bashir, page or number: 1599, authentic.
- ↑ “Prayer and the wisdom of its legislation”, www.alukah.net, accessed on 12-16-2018. act.
- ↑ “The evidence of the jurists in the pillars of prayer, its duties and conditions”, www.islamweb.net, accessed on 12-16-2018.
- ↑ “Explanation of the pillars of prayer”, www.alukah.net, accessed on 12-16-2018. act.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Imran bin Al-Hussain, page or number: 1115, Sahih.
- ↑ Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse: 238.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Imran bin Al-Hussain, page or number: 1117, Sahih.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, page or number: 6251, Sahih.
- ↑ Narrated by al-Bukhari, in Sahih al-Bukhari, on the authority of Ubadah ibn al-Samit, page or number: 756, authentic.
- ↑ Surat Al-Hajj, Verse: 77.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Malik bin Al-Huwaireth, page or number: 631, Sahih.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, page or number: 812, Sahih.
- ↑ “Pillars, duties and Sunnahs of prayer”, islamqa.info, accessed on 12-16-2018. act.
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