Republic of Latvia

It is one of the countries of the European Union located in the Baltic region, and the Lithuanian language is one of the languages ​​spoken in it, in addition to the presence of other languages ​​descended from Indo-European and written in Latin letters with the addition of some changes. During many of its historical phases, Latvia was within the territory of a larger state; It fell under the control of German, Polish and Soviet rule, and currently, after Latvia regained its independence from the Soviet Union and its accession to the European Union, it is considered one of the countries with high growth in economic and human development indicators.

Information about Latvia


With the end of World War II, the Soviet forces were de facto present in Latvia to expel the Nazis from the region, and after the war ended, the Soviet Union annexed Latvia to its territory.

Many Russian workers and soldiers flocked to Latvia, which developed industrially, in order for the Soviet Union to establish huge industries on its territory, such as: chemical plants, and oil refining plants. March 3, 1991 Latvia declared independence from the Soviet Union after a popular referendum.

geography and climate

Latvia is located in Northern Europe, and is one of the least densely populated countries in the European Union. It is bordered by Estonia to the north, the Russian Federation to the east, Belarus to the southeast, Lithuania to the south, and the Baltic Sea that separates it from Sweden to the west. The climate in Latvia is semi-continental; It is generally moderately humid and is characterized by warm summers. In winter, temperatures drop to a large extent with high levels of humidity and a lot of rain and snow that cover large areas of Latvia.


After gaining independence, Latvia was able to achieve the highest rates of economic growth in the European Union due to its success in implementing programs to privatize public sector factories, and the most important current industries are the textile and furniture industry, and commercial fishing. To transport goods from the Baltic to Russia, and the passage of Russian gas pipelines through its territory.

The country has a large rail network from the legacy of the Soviet era, which is used in the process of transporting goods. It is interesting that Latvia was able to quickly get rid of the effects of the economic crisis in 2008, which made it the largest affected in the European Union in terms of unemployment rates and high inflation rates.


writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 12:21:01