Julfar, which is known today as the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, is one of the cities of the United Arab Emirates. It joined in the year 1972 AD on the tenth of February. It is ranked fourth in terms of area in the Emirates, with a land area of 1,684 km2, and people have settled in it for thousands of years.
It is located geographically in the far north of the Arabian Peninsula, overlooking the waters of the Arabian Gulf, and lies astronomically between longitudes 55 degrees to 60 degrees east of Greenwich, and between two latitudes 25 degrees to 26 degrees north of the equator, and its length of coast overlooking the Gulf 64 km, followed by a number of islands, such as the island of Al-Hamra Island, and the two islands occupied by Iran, the Greater Tunb Island, and the Lesser Tunb Island, while its climate is desert.
Its population reached 179 thousand people, according to the statistics of 1968 AD, and the number of its inhabitants, according to estimates in 2004 AD, was about 205,000 people.
Cultural centers and associations
Including: the Studies and Documentation Center, the Cultural Center, the Ras Al Khaimah National Theatre, the Emirates Writers and Writers Union, the Al Jazira Al Hamra Folklore Society, the Shuhouh Society for Culture and Heritage, the Mataf Society for Heritage and Naval Arts, the Ibn Majid Society for Folklore, the Rams Society for Folklore and Rowing Arts, and the Al Habous Society For Arts and Folklore, Ras Al Khaimah Society for Folklore, Shaml Society for Arts, Folk Heritage and Theater, and Al Nakheel Society for Folk Art and Heritage.
- Annual festivals: The Ras Al Khaimah Festival for Visual and Plastic Arts, the Annual Heritage Festival, and the Ras Al Khaimah Ramadan Festival.
- Sports clubs: Ras Al Khaimah Club, Al Taawun Club, and Emirates Club.
- Tourist attractions: Al Qawasim Corniche, Shaam Women’s Park, Al Manar Mall, Al Kuwaiti Street, Al Kuwaiti Street Park, Rixos Resort, Al Rams Corniche, Al Maarid Market, and Khuzam Park.
Flags and personalities, including: Saif Ghobash, and Ahmed bin Majid.
- It was occupied by the Portuguese in the year 1518 AD, then occupied by the Dutch, and then it was subject to the rule of the Qawasim in the year 1722 AD, and it fell under British control, and in the year 1971 AD it gained its independence.
- It flourished in the past with the science circles that were run by scholars from the Najd region.
- Its Swahili population relied on the agricultural sector, pearl diving, and fishing, and its inland population relied on industries, the grazing sector, and palm cultivation. Among its ports: Saqr Port, which is its main port, Al Jazira Al Hamra port, which has a vital location at the entrance to the waters of the Arabian Gulf, and Ras Al Khaimah Port, which is located in the middle of it.