Sultanate of Oman

The State of Oman or the Sultanate of Oman is one of the Arab countries located in the Arabian Peninsula. It has been called by several names throughout historical times, the most prominent of which are: “Majan”; It is a Sumerian term called “Mazoun” in relation to the shipbuilding and copper smelting for which it was famous. It was named so in relation to the availability of water resources in previous historical periods. The name Mazoon is derived from the word Mazoon, which means clouds and abundant flowing water.

Oman was called by this name in relation to the migration of Arab tribes from a place called Oman in Yemen.

Geographical location and area

The State of Oman or the Sultanate of Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, to southwest Asia in particular. It shares its northwestern borders with the United Arab Emirates, its western borders with Saudi Arabia, its southeastern borders with Yemen, and it shares its maritime borders with Iran, Pakistan, the Emirates and Yemen, where it has a beach of about 3200 km in length overlooking the Arabian Sea and the Arabian Gulf, and the area is The totality of the Sultanate is 309,500 square kilometers.

The distinguished geographical location is of special importance; As Oman controlled the sea route between the Arabian Gulf and the Indian Ocean, which is the oldest and most important maritime trade route in the world, and was able to be a connection point for caravan routes across the Arabian Peninsula, linking its west, east, north, and south.

The hot, humid climate prevails in the coastal areas of the country in summer, while in the interior regions it is hot and dry, and moderate throughout the year in high areas, and the percentage of rain in the entire country is not stable, but it is generally low.

The system of government, the capital and the official currency

Although the Omani constitution does not allow the formation of political parties, the right to vote to select members of the Shura Council is guaranteed to every Omani citizen who has reached the age of twenty-one. The city of Muscat is the official capital of the Sultanate of Oman, as it is the political, economic and administrative center of the Sultanate. We note that the Omani riyal is the official currency in which the residents of the country deal and the state deals with it globally.

Religion and language

Islam is the official religion of the country, and Arabic is the official language of the population, along with English, which is mastered by most of the population, and there are some minorities who speak Balochi, Urdu and Indian dialects.

Information about the state of Oman

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-09 08:12:01