The first Saudi state

Diriyah was the city that witnessed the establishment of the first Saudi state in 1744 AD, at the hands of Prince Muhammad bin Muqrin and with the help of Sheikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab, as they participated in establishing a state based on a religious foundation based on the belief and the Prophetic Sunnah, which was the reason for the establishment of a civilized state that extended Until 1818, before the Ottoman campaigns against the Arabian Peninsula.[1]

Many rulers succeeded to the throne of the first Saudi state, according to the following sequence:[1]

  • Imam Muhammad bin Saud bin Muqrin 1744 AD – 1765 AD
  • Imam Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud 1765 AD – 1803 AD
  • Imam Saud bin Abdulaziz bin Muhammad bin Saud 1803-1814AD
  • Imam Abdullah bin Saud bin Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud 1814 AD – 1818 AD

The second Saudi state

The foundation stone of the second Saudi state was laid in 1824 AD, following a successful attempt by Prince Turki to establish a Saudi state with its capital in Riyadh, after the Ottoman forces of Muhammad Ali Pasha dated the results on the Arabian Peninsula in general and on Diriyah in particular, so Saudi Arabia entered its second phase based on what it had established It was the first state of the pillars and components until some disputes led to its resolution in 1891 AD.[2]

Many rulers succeeded to the throne of the second Saudi state, and they were as follows:[1]

  • Imam Turki bin Abdullah 1842-1834AD
  • Imam Faisal bin Turki 1834AD-1838AD
  • Imam Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki 1865-1871AD
  • Imam Saud bin Faisal bin Turki 1871-1875AD
  • Imam Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki 1875 AD – 1876 AD
  • Imam Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki 1876-1887AD
  • Imam Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki 1889 AD – 1891 AD

The third Saudi state

The fifteenth day of January 1902 AD is considered a historic day in the life of the Saudi state, as King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman, after his return and his family to Riyadh, retrieved it on that day, which was a prelude to the establishment of a third Saudi state. The nineteenth of the month witnessed September 1932 A.D. A royal decree was issued announcing the unification of the country and naming it the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, starting from the 23rd of the same month.[3]

A number of kings have succeeded to the throne of the third Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as follows:[1]

  • King Abdulaziz Al Saud: During the reign of Abdulaziz, who died in 1953 AD, the Kingdom witnessed many achievements, including the formation of several ministries such as the Ministry of Interior, Foreign Affairs, and Transport. He also established many systems such as: Commercial Court Regulations, Banks, Hajj and others, as well as He drilled the first oil well in 1359 AH.
  • King Saud bin Abdulaziz: King Saud, born in 1902 and died in 1964, established many important edifices, including the College of Petroleum and Minerals, the Islamic University in Medina, the first berth to receive ships, and he established many hospitals.[4]
  • King Faisal bin Abdulaziz: King Faisal was born in 1906 AD, and he had many achievements, the most prominent of which are the amendment of many regulations and laws, the nationalization of King Abdulaziz University, and the transformation of many colleges into universities.[5]
  • King Khalid bin Abdulaziz: King Khalid was born in 1913 and died in 1982. Among his achievements was the establishment of King Faisal University in Dammam and Umm Al-Qura University.[5]
  • King Fahd bin Abdulaziz: King Fahd bin Abdulaziz was born in 1921 AD, and the Kingdom has witnessed many of his achievements, the most important of which were the expansion of the Two Holy Mosques and the surrounding area, in addition to many achievements in the agricultural and educational sectors, and the revival of the industrial sector.[5]

the reviewer

  1. ^ ABC “About KSA”,, Retrieved 8-10-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “The founding of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”,, accessed on 10-8-2019. act.
  3. ↑ “The emergence of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”,, accessed on 10-8-2019. act.
  4. ↑ “King Saud’s achievements and deeds will be immortalized in the history of the Kingdom”,, accessed on 10-8-2019. act.
  5. ^ ABC, ” Former Kings of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”,, Retrieved 2010-10-8. Edited.

Information about the history of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 01:30:01