Information about France

France is officially known as the French Republic, and it is a country in northwestern Europe. It is one of the countries in the world with a long history and distinctive culture. France is known for occupying an important position in global international affairs. France links northern and southern Europe geographically, economically and linguistically. It is worth noting that France is one of the world’s leading industrial powers. France was founded in the Middle Ages as a result of the alliance and merging of many governments under one administration and one rule, and it is now a modern and developed country that gives its government distinguished care for its people in various respects, providing them with free education and health care, as well as providing them with appropriate pensions, and trying as much as possible. Providing comfort to citizens.[1]

French culture has spread, and influenced the development of the arts and sciences to a large extent, especially in sociology, philosophy and anthropology. Paris is the capital of France, and is one of the most important French cultural and commercial centers, and the most famous in the Western world. Paris is called the City of Light, and its greatest development came in the mid-nineteenth century when it was ruled by Georges Eugene, who decided to make the city free of congestion, free of diseases and epidemics (such as cholera) and deliberately developed it by following deliberate plans until it became a large city Expanded and developed, France also had a great impact on civil and governmental matters, in addition to its contribution to the Enlightenment, reforms and revolutions as well.[1]

Although France had disputed with other European powers in long periods, it became a prominent member of the European Union, and in 1995, France joined NATO, although Charles de Gaulle did not wish to do so, as he withdrew French forces from it since In 1966, he kept all the land, sea, and air forces in the interest of France alone. In 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced that France would return to the military leadership of NATO. It is worth noting that France today is one of the most developed and modern countries in the world, especially among the countries of Europe. It is a permanent member of the UN Security Council along with Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States, and China, in addition to joining other international organizations.[1][2]

France site

The Republic of France is located in Western Europe, bordering the Gulf of Biscay between Belgium and Spain, and in the southeast of the United Kingdom between Italy and Spain, adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, and bordered to the east by Switzerland, with a border of 525 km in length, and Italy with a border of 476 km in length, and to the west by the Gulf of Biscay and the Atlantic Ocean From the north, it is bordered by the North Sea and Belgium with a border of 556 km in length, and from the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and from the southeast by Andorra with a border of 55 km in length, and Spain with a border length of 646 km, while it is bordered by the English Channel from the northwest direction, From the north-east direction, Luxembourg with a length of 69 km, and Germany with a border of 418 km in length.[3][4]

There are five regions outside France that belong to it and are considered a part of it: French Guiana, Martinique, Mayotte, Guadeloupe and La Reunion,[2] French Guiana is located in the north of South America, adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean from the north, and is located specifically between Brazil and Suriname, while Guadeloupe is a group of islands located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, specifically southeast of Puerto Rico, and the Martinique Islands are located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, specifically the north of the country. Trinidad and Tobago, while Mayotte is located in the Mozambique Channel, halfway between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique in the Indian Ocean, while Larion is located south of Africa in the Indian Ocean, specifically east of Madagascar.[3]

area of ​​France

The area of ​​the Republic of France, in addition to its external regions and islands, is about 643,801 km2, while the area of ​​the Republic of France alone is about 551,500 km2, and the land area of ​​the total area of ​​France is about 640,427 km2, while the area of ​​water bodies of the total area is about 3,374 km2, and France ranks 44 among the countries of the world in terms of area, and the percentage of agricultural land out of the total area is about 52.7%, divided into permanent grazing lands by 17.5%, permanent crop lands by 1.8%, and arable land by 33.4%, while forests account for 29.2% of the total area of ​​France The percentage of land with other uses is about 18.1%.[3]

France’s population

The total population of France is about 67,106,161 people, and it ranks 21st among the countries in the world in terms of population, and its birth rate is 12.2 births per 1000 people, and the death rate is about 9.3 deaths per 1000 people, and the average lifespan for males is about 39.6 years, while The average age for females is 43.1 years, according to 2017 estimates. The population speaks French as it is the official language of the country, and the population of France, according to 2015 estimates, consists of 63-66% of Roman Catholic Christians, and 7-9% of Muslims.[5]

The percentage of the Buddhist population is about 0.5-0.75%, and the percentage of Jews is 0.5-0.75% as well. As for other religions, a population of 0.5-1% is professed by them, while the percentage of the population that does not profess any of the religions is about 23-28%. The population is in the northern and southeastern part of the country, and urban places are also densely populated. Paris is the largest city in terms of population in France, followed by Lyon in second place.[5]

France’s climate

The climate within France varies from one region to another. There are three main climates, the continental climate, the oceanic climate, and the Mediterranean climate. As for the continental climate, it is found in eastern and central France. It is cold in winter and warm in summer. There is abundant rain, and snow can fall in higher areas. The oceanic climate prevails in the western parts of France, and the temperatures are low in winter with heavy rainfall, and the summer is also cold, and it is worth noting that it is rare for the winter to be very cold in an oceanic climate. All over southern France, except for the southwestern mountains region. The climate in the south is cold in winter and hot in summer, and precipitation is very limited.[6]

Tourism in France

France includes many tourist places and landmarks that attract tourists from all over the world, including many museums and monuments, in addition to ski slopes located in the Alps, and wonderful beaches,[7] Among its most beautiful tourist attractions are:[8]

  • The Eiffel Tower: It is one of the most famous landmarks in the world, and it is a symbol of the city of Paris. It was designed by Gustave Eiffel, and so named after him. The tower consists of 8,000 metal pieces, and its height reaches 320 meters. The tower attracts tourists from all over the world, where visitors admire its size and magnitude when seen closely. The tower includes three levels where visitors can eat on the first level with a wonderful view. They can dine on the second level in one of the most luxurious restaurants located at a height of 276 meters, and on the third level they can take a comprehensive view of Paris, from which it extends from the tower to about 70 km.
  • The Louvre Museum: The Louvre Museum is located in Paris in the palace of the ancient kings of France. The museum contains many of the most famous works of art and civilization in the world, estimated at about 30,000 works of art, including the Mona Lisa by the famous painter Leonardo da Vinci, in addition to A group of archaeological objects belonging to the kings who lived in the palace, where there are in the museum some of the possessions of Napoleon I, and the treaty that took place between the Vatican and the Republic of Venice in the past.
  • Palace of Versailles: The Palace of Versailles is one of the famous buildings that were built to show French glory, and it is the residence of Louis XIV, nicknamed the King of the Sun, from which he ruled and established his absolute government, and it was executed by the designer Jules Ardoin Mansar, who showed his creativity in the luxurious facade of the palace and the details of the palace The elegant interior, and in the palace is a large hall known as the Hall of Mirrors, in which the public listened to the king’s speeches, and is characterized by its breathtaking beauty when the sun’s rays enter from the windows to reflect the beauty of the decoration of the existing mirrors, and around the palace there are wonderful gardens decorated with shrubs, in addition to containing water fountains Which attracts the visitor to the place.

sport in france

Football (French: le foot) is the most popular sport in France. It is worth noting that the French football team won the World Cup in 1998. Among the well-known sports in France are tennis, skiing, and cycling, in addition to various water sports. France is also famous In the Olympic Games, in the period 1896-1984 AD, France won approximately 137 gold medals, 156 silver medals, and 158 bronze medals. France hosted the Olympic Games to be held in 1924 AD, where the Winter Session was held in Chamonix, and in 1968 AD In the city of Grenoble.[7]

the reviewer

  1. ^ AP Gordon Wright, Bernard S. Bachrach, John Frederick Drinkwater and others (2018-2-9), “France, Introduction & Quick Facts”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 2018-2-14. Edited.
  2. ^ AB “Introduction, FRANCE”, www.cia.gov, Retrieved February 14, 2018. Edited.
  3. ^ ABC “Geography, FRANCE”, www.cia.gov, Retrieved February 14, 2018. Edited.
  4. ↑ “France, LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT”, www.encyclopedia.com, Retrieved 2018-2-14. Edited.
  5. ^ AP “People and Society, FRANCE”, www.cia.gov, Retrieved 2018-2-14. Edited.
  6. ↑ “France, CLIMATE”, www.encyclopedia.com, Retrieved 2018-2-14. Edited.
  7. ^ AB “France, TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION”, www.encyclopedia.com, Retrieved 2-14-2018. Edited.
  8. ↑ Lisa Alexander, “15 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in France – The 2018 Guide”, www.planetware.com, Retrieved 2018-2-14. Edited.

Information about France