Diabetes is a chronic disease that results from the body’s inability to use the insulin it produces or the pancreas’s inability to produce enough insulin, which leads to a disorder in the blood sugar level, and the inability to control it, which afflicts humans with many diseases, such as diseases The kidneys, nerves, and brain, and the blood sugar level is considered high if it is higher than 125 mg/d in the fasting state, and more than 200 mg/d two hours after eating, while the blood sugar level is low if it is less than 50 mg/d.
Types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes: It is insulin-dependent diabetes, usually occurs at an early age, and is caused by a lack of insulin production, and is usually accompanied by the following symptoms: weight loss, constant hunger, excessive urination, and feeling tired.
- Type 2 diabetes: It is diabetes that appears in the advanced stage of life as a result of obesity, or the body’s inability to use insulin, and it is usually accompanied by the same symptoms in type 1 diabetes, but it is less severe.
- Gestational diabetes: It is the high level of sugar in the blood during pregnancy, and the sugar level usually returns to normal after childbirth, but it may turn into type 2 diabetes in some cases.
- Fasting diabetes: It is a disorder in the level of sugar in the fasting person, and it is possible to control this condition and avoid its development into type 2 diabetes.
- Strokes and heart attacks.
- Nerve damage, which increases exposure to ulcers and burns as a result of the inability to feel.
- Retinopathy, double vision, and may cause blindness in the long run.
- Kidney failure.
- Amputation of some parts of the body, such as the foot in case of injury and neglect.
- Serious hyperglycemia.
- A sharp drop in the level of sugar in the blood, which leads to coma.
- Dehydration due to frequent urination.
- Increase the proportion of fats and proteins in the body.
- Sexual weakness in men.
How to prevent diabetes
- Exercising regularly and daily.
- Stay away from smoking.
- Eat a healthy diet that includes vegetables and fruits, natural sugars, and low in fat.
- Regularly performing tests related to diabetes, such as the cumulative blood sugar test.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Hormone therapy: by taking insulin doses at the specified times.
- Drug treatment: by taking some types of medication that relieve symptoms, and that regulate the level of sugar in the blood.
Information about diabetes