In this report, we will provide information about chemistry, its basics and main branches, in addition to the relationship of chemistry to physics and the tasks that chemists do.

Chemistry is a branch of the physical sciences that studies the composition, structure, properties, and change of matter. Some of the major subsections include analytical chemistry, biochemistry, computational chemistry, inorganic chemistry, materials chemistry, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry.

Topics related to chemistry include: biological sciences, chemical and biomolecular engineering.

information about chemistry

 information about chemistry

You might think of chemistry only in the context of lab tests, food additives, or dangerous substances, but the field of chemistry is inclusive of everything around us..

“Everything you hear, see, smell, taste, and touch involves chemistry and chemicals (material) as well,” according to the American Chemical Society (ACS). , It is considered a non-profit scientific organization for the advancement of chemistry, authorized by the US Congress.

“Just as hearing, seeing, tasting, and touching all involve a very complex chain of chemical reactions that take place in your body.”

So, even if you’re not working as a chemist, you automatically do chemistry, or anything that involves chemistry, with just about everything you do. Where in everyday life you do chemistry when you cook, when you use detergent to wipe your countertops,

And also when you take medicine or even when diluting the concentrated juice so that the taste is not strong.

According to ACS , Chemistry is the study of matter, which is defined as anything that has mass and occupies a certain space, and the changes that matter can undergo when subjected to different environments and conditions..

Chemistry seeks to understand not only the properties of a substance, such as the mass or composition of a chemical element, but also how and why this substance undergoes certain changes, whether something is transformed due to its union with another substance, frozen for example because it was left for two weeks in the freezer, or changed Colors due to exposure to excessive sunlight.

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chemistry basics

The reason chemistry touches everything we do is that almost everything in the world can be broken down into chemical building blocks.

The basic building blocks of chemistry are the chemical elements, which are known substances that consist of one atom. As each chemical substance is unique, it also consists of a specific and known number of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and is identified to be identified by a chemical name and symbol, such as “C” for the element carbon.

As for the elements that scientists have discovered so far, they are listed in the special periodic table of the elements, and they include elements found in nature such as carbon, hydrogen and oxygen , As well as man-made elements, such as Lawrencium .

How are the elements grouped in the periodic table?

Chemical elements can bond with each other to form chemical compounds, and these materials consist of multiple elements, such as carbon dioxide (which consists of one carbon atom attached to two oxygen atoms), or as multiple atoms of one element, such as oxygen gas (which is considered It consists of two oxygen atoms attached to each other.

These chemical compounds can then be combined with other compounds or elements to form countless other substances and substances.

Chemistry as a physical science

Of the information that also interests you about chemistry is that it is usually considered a physical science, as defined in the Encyclopedia Britannica, because the study of chemistry does not include living organisms. Most of the chemistry used in research and development, such as making new products and materials for customers, falls under this jurisdiction.

But the distinction as a physical science gets a bit blurry in the case of biochemistry, which explores the chemistry of living organisms, according to the Society for Biochemistry. Chemicals and chemical processes studied by biochemists are not technically “living,” but understanding them is very important to understanding how life works.

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The five main branches of chemistry

Traditionally, chemistry is divided into five major branches, according to the informative online chemistry textbook published by LibreText. There are also more specialized fields, such as food chemistry, environmental chemistry, and nuclear chemistry, but this section focuses on the five sub-disciplines of chemistry.

Analytical chemistry includes the analysis of chemicals, and also includes qualitative methods such as looking at color changes, as well as quantitative methods such as examining the exact wavelength of light absorbed by the chemical to lead to a color change.

These methods enable scientists to characterize many different properties of chemicals, and they can benefit society in many ways as well.

For example, analytical chemistry helps food companies make frozen dinners that are tastier by discovering how chemicals in food change when they are frozen over time.

Analytical chemistry is also used to monitor environmental health by measuring chemicals in water or soil, for example.

Biochemistry, as mentioned above, uses chemical techniques to understand how biological systems function at a chemical level. Thanks to biochemistry, researchers have been able to map the human genome as well as understand what different proteins do in the body and develop treatments for many diseases.

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Inorganic chemistry is the study of chemical compounds in inorganic or non-living organisms such as metals and metals. Traditionally, inorganic chemistry is considered to be compounds that do not contain carbon (which is covered by organic chemistry), but this definition is not entirely accurate, according to the ACS.

Some of the compounds studied in inorganic chemistry, for example “organometallic compounds”, contain metals, which are minerals that are related to carbon – the main element studied in organic chemistry. As such, compounds like these are part of both domains.

Physical chemistry also uses concepts from physics to understand how chemistry works. For example, knowing how atoms move and interact with each other, or why some liquids, including water, turn into steam at high temperatures.

Physical chemists attempt to understand these phenomena on a very small scale at the level of atoms and molecules as well, in order to draw conclusions about how chemical reactions work and what gives certain materials their unique properties.

What do chemists do?

 information about chemistry

Chemists work in a wide variety of fields, including research and development, quality control, manufacturing, environmental protection, consulting, and law. They can also work at universities, for government or in private industry, according to the ACS.

We have some examples of what chemists do:

research and development

In academia, chemists who conduct research aim to increase knowledge about a particular topic, and they may not necessarily have a particular application in mind. However, their results can still be applied to related products and applications.

In industry, chemists in research and development use scientific knowledge to develop or improve a particular product or process. For example, food chemists improve the quality, safety, storage and taste of food as well; Pharmaceutical chemists develop and analyze the quality of drugs and other medicinal formulations as well; Agricultural chemists develop the fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides needed for large-scale crop production.

And sometimes, research and development may not involve improving the product itself, but rather the manufacturing process involved in making that product. Chemical and process engineers devise new ways and methods to make manufacturing their products easier and more cost-effective, such as increasing the speed and/or yield of a product for a given budget.

environment protection

Environmental chemists study how chemicals interact with the natural environment, and describe the chemicals and chemical reactions found in natural processes in soil, water, and air.

For example, scientists can collect soil, water, or air from an important location and analyze it in a laboratory to determine whether these human activities may or will pollute the environment or affect it in other ways.

Some environmental chemists can also help treat or remove pollutants from soil, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. .

At the end of our article “Information about Chemistry” we hope that the information we have provided will be useful to you.

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