A hernia can be defined simply, as pressure from one of the internal parts of the body on weak tissue, with the development of this hernia over time, but how does hernia occur in children, what are its symptoms and degrees, and how can it be treated?

How does a hernia occur?

hernia in children
hernia in children

Hernias occur very commonly in children, as a child can be born with multiple hernias, and some children are born with small openings inside the body, which close at some point during development. In adults, these areas do not always represent weakness in the muscular system, but are normal areas that have not yet closed.

Straining or getting a hernia can cause weakness in the muscle wall, along with the concentration of nearby organs in the weakened area, and then become a hernia, but it is common as hernia repair is one of the most common surgical procedures in children, but it is necessary to know the symptoms, degrees and forms of hernia first, So that the child gets proper medical care.

Degrees of hernia in children

hernia in children
hernia in children

There are many different types of hernias in children, some of which are very common, and the degrees of hernia are as follows:

inguinal hernia

The inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia, affecting a large percentage of children, up to 80%, in addition to that this type of hernia affects the lower abdomen, navel and groin, which leads to severe swelling in male children, in addition to the appearance of severe swelling in the labia. or thigh in females.

Types of inguinal hernia in children

There are two types of inguinal hernia in children, and it turns out as follows:

  • Direct inguinal hernia: This type of hernia occurs when the abdominal muscles are severely weakened, causing part of the abdomen to appear in the inguinal canal. This type of direct inguinal hernia affects a very small percentage of children, but a large percentage of adults.
  • Indirect inguinal hernia: This type of hernia occurs as a result of the continuous opening of the inguinal canal for a certain period of time, which leads to the exit of the intestine from that canal. This type of hernia can be detected in the first year of the child.

umbilical hernia

hernia in children
hernia in children

Umbilical hernia is also one of the most common types in a large number of children, especially for children under 6 months, and this type of hernia occurs when the umbilical cord comes out of the child’s abdominal wall, causing the wall opening to close permanently, bearing in mind that the navel It swells when a child has this degree of hernia, which increases pain.

It also sometimes does not need medical intervention, the child may recover from it permanently after the first year, but parents should consult a doctor in this matter so that waiting does not negatively affect the child’s health.

incisional hernia

This degree of hernia occurs when the child undergoes surgery in the abdomen or groin, because the child’s intestines partially or completely come out of the surgical opening, which negatively affects the child and may lead to many serious diseases.

Therefore, the child must undergo a quick process to return the external organs to their place inside the abdomen, and the child must undergo medical treatments appropriate to his condition, to avoid serious side effects that may lead to death.

Risk factors for incisional hernia in children

There are many symptoms and dangerous factors that affect a child’s injury to an incisional hernia, and these factors occur during the following:

  • If the child has serious complications.
  • The child undergoes emergency surgery.
  • If the child takes many medications and medical treatments.
  • If the child suffers from many serious and chronic diseases.

epigastric hernia

This degree of hernia occurs as a result of the inguinal region being severely twisted or twisted, and it is often difficult to diagnose this type by specialized doctors, due to the absence of special accompanying signs, where the hernia leads to severe pain, as a result of the scrotum infection with some serious diseases without causing The child suffers from any serious tumors or infections, which leads to the continuation of the pain for a relatively long time.

Therefore, in this case, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible, if the child feels severe pressure and pain in the abdominal area, especially when doing the following things: sneezing, laughing, straining for any reason, and coughing.

Hiatal hernia

This dangerous type of hernia often occurs due to the movement of a large part of the internal parts of the stomach towards the chest area, so that it can be diagnosed by gastroscopy, X-ray or CT scan, and it also requires careful medical intervention, until the child recovers from the severe pain resulting from his infection.

Its symptoms appear in difficulty breathing, which prevents him from sleeping for long periods, in addition to the appearance of strong wheezing during breathing, with heartburn and GERD that is difficult to treat or get rid of.

Grades of hernias that require medical intervention in children

hernia in children
hernia in children

Hernias are generally known as a serious disease, which requires consulting a doctor as soon as possible. There are only two types of serious hernias that affect many children:

  • Trapped hernia: This type occurs when there is a strong pressure on the tissues of the body, which leads to its exit from the inside, negatively affecting the tissues.
  • Strangulated hernia: This hernia represents the most dangerous type that affects the blood flow to some parts of the child’s body.

Treatment of hernia in children

Surgery is one of the best methods used in the treatment of hernias, as many specialists resort to this surgery after the child reaches a certain age, so as not to affect him negatively. The types of hernia surgeries are as follows:

  • Open surgery: Open surgery is done by making a special incision in the hernia site, so that the treating doctor returns the tissues to their normal place, and sometimes the doctor makes a stent at the hernia site to overcome muscle weakness.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: This type of surgery depends on making specific holes in the hernia site, so that the doctor can insert the tools used in the surgical operations through which all tissues and cells can return to their normal places.

Are there any home remedies for hernias in children?

hernia in children
hernia in children

Regardless of the medical treatments for hernia in children, you can help your child with some home remedies until he undergoes a medical examination, and these treatments are as follows:

  • water: After each meal, you can give your child enough water, as it improves blood circulation, as well as reduces pressure in having a bowel movement.
  • Aloe vera: You can add a little aloe vera juice to the food, if the child is older than 6 months, but if he is younger, you can give him a few teaspoons, but after consulting the attending physician.
  • Berries: Berries are one of the best natural remedies for umbilical hernia, as they are rich in a group of antioxidants, and a large proportion of fibers that help in strengthening the immune system.
  • green vegetables: They are broccoli, peppers, cucumbers, and spinach, as these vegetables contain a high percentage of fiber, vitamins, and minerals that help protect against damage and symptoms of hernia.
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