Eid

God Almighty has prescribed two Eids for Muslims every year, and each Eid comes after performing a great and solemn act of worship that God commanded His servants to do. The blessed Eid al-Fitr comes after fasting the month of Ramadan, which is the fourth pillar of Islam. And etiquettes that the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, did. The Holy Prophet used to preserve the expression of joy on the feast and perform it as thanks to God for what He bestowed on Muslims by guiding them to the straight path.

The meaning of Eid al-Fitr

Eid in the language has two derivations; The first: He who returns shall return; That is, as if they had returned to it. The second: out of habit; Because they are accustomed to it, and the feast is a gathering of feasts, and every day there is a gathering, and it was said that it is the time when joy and sadness return, but the feast was called a feast; Because he returns every year with renewed joy, or because he returns and repeats it every year, or because of the many returns of God Almighty to his servants on that day.[1] In the language, mushrooms have several meanings; The split, and the gathering of breakfast, God Almighty said: (Return your eyes, do you see breakfast)[2]Mushrooms are called breakfast and grapes are the first thing they appear.[3]As for Eid al-Fitr, it is: the first of the month of Shawwal, and it is the first day on which the breaking of the fast begins for those who are fasting, and that is why it is called Eid al-Fitr, and fasting is prohibited during it.[4]

How to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer

The Eid prayer is two rak’ahs, and the jurists of the fiqh schools have differences and details in how to perform the Eid prayer, and the following is a statement of that:[5]

How to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer according to the Hanafi school

  • That the worshiper intends to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer with his heart, and says with his tongue: I pray the Eid al-Fitr prayer to God Almighty, but if the worshiper is a follower, he also intends to follow the imam.
  • That the worshiper should say the takbeer of Ihram.
  • The worshiper places his right hand on his left hand, under his navel, and then recites the praise.
  • For the worshiper to say the takbeer of the extras with the imam takbeer and the followers to follow him, which is three takbeers. The worshiper raises his hands at each takbeer. The worshiper is silent between each takbeer and the next for a period of three takbirs, and during this period it is not enacted to mention, and there is nothing wrong with saying: Glory be to God, and praise be to God. For God, there is no god but God, and God is greater.
  • That the worshiper seeks refuge with Allah secretly, then he says, then recites Surat Al-Fatihah, then recites another Surah after that, and it is recommended that it be Surah Al-A’la.
  • That the worshiper says the takbeer for bowing, then completes the rest of the actions of the first rak’ah of bowing, standing and prostration.
  • That the worshiper rises for the second rak’ah, saying the loudspeaker for it, then recites the Basmalah and Surat Al-Fatihah, then recites another Surah, and it is delegated to be Surat Al-Ghashiah.
  • The one who is praying should make three takbeers as in the first rak’ah.
  • That the worshiper says the takbeer for bowing, and completes the rest of the work of prayer.
  • Hanafi jurists are of the opinion that it is permissible to present the extra takbeers to the recitation in the second rak’ah, but the first is not to do so.
  • If the imam increases the number of takbeers in additions to more than three, the follower must follow him in that to sixteen takbeers, and if the imam increases to that, the follower is not obliged to follow him.

How to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer according to Shafi’is

  • That the worshiper should say the takbeer of Ihram.
  • For the worshiper to recite the opening supplication.
  • To say the takbeer of the appendices, which are seven, raising his hands in the same way as his archer in each takbeer, and separating each takbeer and the one that follows it for a period as long as a moderate verse, and saying during this period: Glory be to God, and praise be to God, and there is no god but God, and God is great, and it is Sunnah for him to He places his right hand on his left hand, under his chest between every two takbeers.
  • To seek refuge with Allah, then to recite Surat Al-Fatihah, then to recite another Surah after that, and it is Sunnah to recite Surah (Q), Surat Al-Ala, or Surat Al-Kafirun.
  • To say the takbeer for bowing, and to complete the actions of the first rak’ah, including bowing and prostration.
  • That the worshiper should say the takbeer while standing for the second rak’ah.
  • To say five takbeers, other than the takbeer of standing.
  • To recite Surat Al-Fatihah, then read another Surah, and it is Sunnah to read Surat Al-Qamar or Surat Al-Ikhlas.
  • To complete the work of prayer and what is in it of bowing and prostration.

How to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer according to the Hanbalis

  • That the worshiper intends to perform the two rak’ahs of the Eid prayer is a sufficient obligation.
  • To say the takbeer of Ihram, then recite the opening supplication.
  • To say the six takbeers of the appendices, raising his hands at each takbeer, and saying between each takbeer and the next: God is great, and praise be to God a lot.
  • To seek refuge with Allah, then to pray, then to recite Surat Al-Fatihah, then to recite Surat Al-Ala, then to bow, and to complete the actions of the rak’ah.
  • To say the takbeer standing for the second rak’ah.
  • To say the takbeerat al-Zawa’id, which are five, and to say between every two takbeers what he said between the takbeers of the first rak’ah.
  • To bbasmal, then recite Surat Al-Fatihah, then recite Surat Al-Gashiya.
  • To say the takbeer for bowing, then complete the work of prayer, and what is in it of bowing, standing, prostration and peace.

How to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer according to the Malikis

  • That the worshiper should say the takbeer of Ihram.
  • To say the takbeers of the zawa’id, which are six takbeers.
  • To recite Surat Al-Fatihah, then read another Surah after that, and it is Sunnah for it to be Surah Al-Ala.
  • To say the takbeer for bowing, then complete the work of the first rak’ah.
  • To say the takbeer standing for the second rak’ah.
  • To say the takbeer of the appendices, which are five, except for the takbeer of standing.
  • To read Surat Al-Fatihah, then read Surat Al-Shams.
  • To say the takbeer for bowing, and to complete the work of prayer, and what is in it of bowing, standing, prostration and peace.

Eid prayer ruling

The fuqaha’ differed regarding the ruling on Eid prayer based on several sayings:[6]

  • The first saying: Eid prayer is a confirmed Sunnah, for everyone who is addressed to prayer and is commanded to perform it, and it is Sunnah to perform it in a group, and pilgrims are excluded, so it is Sunnah for them to perform it individually.
  • The second saying: Eid prayer is a confirmed Sunnah, for everyone who is obligated to perform Friday prayer, provided that it is a group with the imam, and it is recommended for those who missed it with the imam, and for those who did not oblige him such as boys, and for the people of Mina who are not pilgrims, and to this saying the Maliki jurists went.
  • The third saying: Eid prayer is obligatory, on the one who is obligated to perform Friday prayer according to its conditions, and to this saying the Hanafi jurists went.
  • The fourth saying: Eid prayer is an obligation of sufficiency for every Muslim who is required to perform Friday prayer, and the Eid prayer may be a Sunnah, for those who missed it with the imam, and to this saying the Hanbali jurists went.

Sunnahs on the day of Eid

It is mustahabb for a Muslim on the day of Eid to do the Sunnahs on the day of Eid, including:[7]

  • For the Muslim to say the takbeer from the time of sunset on the last day of Ramadan until the imam goes out for the Eid prayer, and the takbeer is to say: God is great, God is great, there is no god but God, and God is great, God is great, praise be to God.
  • It is sunnah for a Muslim to take a bath before going to the prayer place to perform the Eid prayer.
  • It is desirable for a Muslim to adorn himself in dress on the day of Eid.
  • It is Sunnah to eat before going out to the prayer place to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer.
  • It is Sunnah to go to the Eid prayer by one route, and to return from it by another route.
  • It is desirable for him to go to the prayer-place to perform the Eid prayer, walking, not riding. If he goes riding, there is nothing wrong with that.
  • It is desirable for a Muslim to attend the Eid sermon after completing the prayer.

Muslim holidays video

Delight for Muslims after fasting a whole month! This is the reason why God legislates Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Watch the video to learn more about them:

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Dr. Saeed Bin Ali Bin Wahf Al-Qahtani, The Two Eid Prayers – Concept, Virtues, Etiquette, Terms and Provisions in the Light of the Qur’an and Sunnah, Saudi Arabia: Safir Press, page 5. Adapted.
  2. ↑ Surah Al-Mulk, verse: 4.
  3. ↑ Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo, Al-Mu’jam Al-Wasat, Egypt: Dar Al-Da`wah, p. 694, Part 2. Adapted.
  4. ↑ “The definition and meaning of Eid al-Fitr”, Al-Ma’ani, accessed on 5-9-2017. act.
  5. ↑ Abd al-Rahman bin Muhammad al-Jaziri (2003), Jurisprudence on the Four Schools (Second Edition), Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya, p. 314-316, Part 1. Adapted.
  6. ↑ Abd al-Rahman bin Muhammad al-Jaziri (2003), Jurisprudence on the Four Schools (Second Edition), Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya, p. 313, Part 1. Adapted.
  7. ↑ “The recommended Sunnahs before and after the Eid prayer”, Islamweb, 10-19-2017, accessed on 5-9-2017. act.

How to perform the Eid al-Fitr prayer

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-14 22:21:01