Obsessive-compulsive disorder is considered a serious mental illness that is associated with a high level of disability, although there are many treatments that succeed in reducing symptoms in two thirds of sufferers, while other alternative and experimental therapies are resorted to in a third The last of them, and it should be noted that both types of psychological treatment are followed; Cognitive behavioral therapy and exposure therapy contribute to reducing the severity and recurrence of symptoms associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Acceptance and commitment therapy, which is one of the modern psychological treatments that states that anxiety is part of a person’s life, and that his or her reaction to it is the real problem.
Drug treatment is resorted to in the event of failure of psychological treatment, or in the case of severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the main drug for treatment, as they help raise the level of serotonin in the brain, and it takes 12 weeks for their effect to appear, and some patients need to stay on them for a period At least a year, while some cases may require staying on it for several years. It should be noted that the drug should not be stopped without consulting a doctor; Because this will expose the patient to annoying side effects.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is considered a chronic disease that may continue with a person throughout his life, and while the doctor determines the method of treatment, simple steps can be taken to develop a solid treatment plan as follows:
- Consult your physician before taking any type of medication, supplement, or herbal remedy that may interfere with OCD medications.
- Practice techniques and skills that help control symptoms on a regular basis.
- Pay attention to warning signs, and how to act when they appear.
- Take your medications as prescribed, even when you feel better.
Some experimental treatments are resorted to in the event that OCD does not respond to each of the medications, or other treatments, or in severe cases, and these treatments include the following:
- Electroconvulsive therapy, in which electrodes are attached to the head that send electric shocks to start seizures, stimulating the brain’s secretion of serotonin.
- Deep brain stimulation (in English: Deep brain stimulation).
- Clinical trial of some unproven therapies.
- ↑ Owen Kelly (1-9-2018), “Treatments for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder”, www.verywellmind.com, Retrieved 9-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)”, www.nhs.uk, 9-28-2016, Retrieved 9-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)”, www.mayoclinic.org, 9-17-2016, Retrieved 9-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “What Are the Treatments for OCD?”, www.webmd.com,2-12-2018, Retrieved 9-4-2019. Edited.
How to overcome obsessive-compulsive disorder