Constipation is one of the common digestive problems, in which the patient suffers from hard stools and difficulty in excreting it, and it often occurs because the colon absorbs water in large quantities of the food in it, and this leads to increased hardness and dryness of the stool, and as a result, the process of defecation is accompanied by severe pain, and may It leads to more serious complications if it is not treated correctly and as soon as possible, and if there is a clear strain on the intestines, incomplete stools and often hard stools, and there are two or fewer bowel movements during the week, then we can say that the person suffers from constipation.[1]

Causes of constipation

As we mentioned earlier, constipation is determined as a result of the colon absorbing large amounts of water in food, or in the case of slow contraction of the colon muscles, which leads to the loss of larger amounts of water, and is often accompanied by flatulence in the abdomen, due to increased gases and severe pain, and we will mention Here are the most common causes of constipation, including:[2]

  • Drinking insufficient amounts of water.
  • Lack of fiber in a person’s diet.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Some medicines, such as: narcotics for strong pain, such as codeine and morphine, antidepressants and epilepsy medicines, calcium channel blockers and diuretics (thiazides) used to treat high blood pressure, antacids containing calcium or aluminum, iron pills.
  • Excessive consumption of laxatives, as their continuous use leads to weakness of the intestinal muscles.
  • Eating dairy products, including milk, as some people get constipated after eating them.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome, colon cancer.
  • Pregnancy, due to the hormonal changes that occur in a pregnant woman, and she becomes more prone to constipation than others.
  • Age, where bowel movement and metabolism decrease, and lack of movement and activities, which causes constipation in the elderly significantly.
  • Resisting a bowel movement and not going to a bowel movement when you feel alert, that would cause constipation.
  • Certain diseases that the patient may complain of, including: Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, and hypothyroidism.

constipation treatment

Some healthy habits can be followed to treat constipation, including:[3]

  • Follow a balanced diet rich in fiber, and its sources are vegetables, fruits and legumes, as fiber helps facilitate the passage of stool in the colon.
  • Drink adequate amounts of water, 1.5-2 liters per day in case fluids are not contraindicated to this extent for another medical condition.
  • Avoid a lot of soft drinks and contain a high percentage of caffeine, such as coffee, and some people may need to avoid milk and dairy products, because they may cause them constipation.
  • Doing exercise and activities regularly.
  • The use of laxatives that are available in various forms in pharmacies, and it is only recommended to take them in advanced cases and not to overdo it.
  • In severe cases, a doctor’s intervention and surgery may be required.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ KAREN REED WEDNESDAY (MARCH 14, 2018 ), “How To Get Rid Of Constipation Immediately and Naturally”, positivehealthwellness, Retrieved 7-30-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ Helen West (Tuesday 1 August 2017), “Thirteen home remedies for constipation”, medicalnewstoday, Retrieved 7-30-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ Taylor Shea, “11 Surprising Home Remedies for Constipation Relief”, reader digest, Retrieved 7-30-2018. Edited.

How to get rid of constipation

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-19 12:51:01