Childhood

Childhood is a sensitive stage in a child’s life. This stage is the first nucleus in the formation of the personality of the child, and it is one of the most important pillars in the psychology of growth, and what this stage holds of important value in the life of the individual. In this regard, our discussion will focus on how to deal with children in the stages of childhood, and the proper educational application from a physiological, emotional and emotional point of view.

The purpose of growth psychology

The main purpose of our study of developmental psychology is to apply what we have learned from developmental principles and foundations in the development of the psychological growth of the individual during the various stages of his growth, and the educational application is only a procedural guide that should be used by all individuals responsible for raising young people; it is important for parents, educators and specialists. Psychologists, social, and educational applications are a developmental work guide that guides those interested in the psychological development of individuals with what they should do in order to achieve better growth for individuals in their various developmental manifestations.

Educational interaction with the infant

  • Pay attention to the crying of the child at this stage; It is an indication of a lack of comfort, as screaming may be the result of physiological disturbances that everyone is aware of, such as hunger, and interest in breastfeeding the child because of the health, psychological and social importance of this breastfeeding, providing health, nutritional, psychological and social care, and surrounding the child in a family atmosphere full of love, warmth and harmony, and interest in vaccination and immunization against diseases. dangerous that may affect the child at this stage.
  • The importance of tactile contact between the child and his mother, as this makes the child feel tenderness, love, a sense of security and emotional satisfaction, and helps the child to develop healthy psychological
  • Not forcing the child to walk and stand before the muscles responsible for this are fully matured.
  • Be careful and gradual in the weaning process and complete it so that psychological and social disturbances do not occur to the child.
  • The danger of resorting to punishment when training a child to excrete, and not making him feel disgusted during training on it.
  • It is necessary to address the child in the correct and correct language and to avoid imitating his childish language.
  • Develop social communication skills between the child and other family members.
  • Provide opportunities for communication and social interaction between the child, the parents, the child and his peers; All of this increases his linguistic yield and his expressive dictionary
  • To make him aware of the importance of social interaction in different situations.

Educational handling in early childhood

It specializes in children between three and six years old.

  • Developing the senses in children through games, drawing and pictures.
  • Provide adequate opportunities for children to exercise their motor and physical activities in the open air and in the sun.
  • Develop the skills of independence and self-reliance in cycling and develop the skills of social maturity of children.
  • Interest in playing at this stage; It develops creative, motor and sensory abilities in children.
  • Develop the child’s abilities to express himself through dialogue and various activities.
  • Develop play, communication and social interaction skills with other children.
  • Satisfying the psychological needs of children (such as the need for love, belonging, success, curiosity, the need for parental care, achievement and achievement, discovery, play, and the need to satisfy adults)
  • Accustoming the child to expressing his emotions and venting about them, and trying to accustom him to controlling and controlling them without suppressing them because of the personal and social compatibility, and the psychological health of children.
  • Directing aggressive emotional responses in children towards purposeful and socially acceptable activities such as play and hobbies.
  • Accustom the child to observe table manners while eating.
  • Develop social interaction and communication skills with peers, parents and adults.
  • Familiarize the child with the general acceptable social behavior, such as expressing thanks, greetings, and asking permission before leaving the council, and observing social etiquette and traditions.
  • Taking into account the principle of individual differences between children in physical, mental and social development.
  • Distribute love, kindness and care to all the children of the family so that no manifestations of jealousy arise between brothers.
  • Encouraging the child’s curiosity and developing his tendencies and interests.
  • Avoiding the wrong educational methods in the social upbringing of children such as: (excess protection, pampering, ostracism, neglect, discrimination, and vacillation).
  • Correct and explicit answer to the child’s questions about sexual issues in accordance with the child’s chronological age.

Educational interaction in middle childhood

It specializes in children between six and nine years old.

  • Directing the excessive motor activity that characterizes the child at this stage to sports, recreational and recreational activities and hobbies.
  • Achieving the psychological needs of children at this stage.
  • Taking care to create a psychological, social, normal and stress-free atmosphere surrounding the child.
  • Familiarize the child with taking responsibility for his personal hygiene and good appearance, wearing his clothes and developing his social maturity.
  • Accustom the child to the principles of order and respect for others.
  • Inclusion of the child in sports, social and cultural groups in the school.
  • Providing him with communication skills and social interaction with peers and adults.
  • Encourage and develop children’s personal hobbies; Such as painting, singing, music, handicrafts and acting.
  • Explicitly answering children’s questions related to sexual aspects in line with the child’s age.
  • Introduce him to the rules of public morals, customs, traditions and customs.
  • Learning the physical skills necessary for games, and diversifying the sports activities of children at this stage between running, climbing, jumping, crawling, playing ball, throwing…etc.
  • Develop team play skills with peers.
  • Familiarize the child with the friendships of his peers and encourage him to expand his social network.
  • Keeping the child away from watching models of aggression and violent films; As this increases his aggressive behavior and unity with her and the reincarnation of these violent and aggressive personalities.
  • Develop reading skills for stories and targeted children’s magazines.

Educational handling in late childhood

It specializes in children between nine and twelve years old.

  • Attention to integrated nutrition at this stage, and attention to public health and sports activity.
  • Develop and encourage inclinations, interests and talents through school, family and club activities.
  • Expand mental interests and develop curiosity in children at this stage.
  • The importance of satisfying the psychological needs of children at this stage.
  • Develop respect for adults, peers and others.
  • Training the child to play various sports and hobbies, and developing children’s psychological attitudes towards school, mosque, club, and all social institutions and groups in society.
  • Inclusion of children in the crucible of different school groups.
  • Familiarize the child with the spirit of altruism and distance from selfishness, narcissism and self-love, and accustom him to the spirit of cooperation, work with groups, and sacrifice for the sake of normal groups.
  • Develop the spirit of group competition, not individual competition, among children through the school’s sports, cultural, social and recreational activities.
  • Developing the conscience (the superego) by setting a good example in family, school and social behavior through religious activities.
  • Attempt to answer frankly information and questions related to sexual aspects.

There is no doubt that educational applications and educational interactions in childhood and its stages serve as a guide and guiding guide for those responsible for preparing and educating young people in the developmental field, so that the psychological development of the individual proceeds together in all its various manifestations and stages.

How to deal with children

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-13 23:30:01