first aid

Nosebleeds are defined as blood flowing from one or both nostrils, and this bleeding may last from a few seconds to 15 minutes or more, and is often not evidence of a serious health problem and can be treated at home, and the following methods can be followed to stop nosebleeds:[1]

  • Sit and press firmly for 10-15 minutes on the soft part at the top of the nose.
  • Tilt the head forward a little and breathe through the mouth so that the blood comes out of the nose and not from the throat.
  • Put an ice pack in a towel and then place it on the bridge of the nose.
  • Avoid lying down, and instead sit straight, because lying down reduces pressure in the blood vessels of the nose, which leads to increased bleeding.

pharmacological treatments

Nosebleeds can be treated by using nasal sprays, and it is recommended to use them for a short period to help get rid of congestion, and simple nosebleeds if the patient does not suffer from high blood pressure, and it should be noted the need to avoid using this type of nasal sprays for a long time because it may It has a negative effect on the nose and increases the problem of bleeding. Examples of these nasal sprays are: Oxymetazoline, Phenylephrine, and Guaifenesin.[2]

medical treatments

The doctor may resort to performing some medical operations to stop nosebleeds, including the following:[3]

  • Septal surgery: In some cases, bleeding may be caused by a twisting of the nasal septum, which in turn may be caused by an injury to the nose, or it may be associated with the person since birth.
  • Ligation: Ligation is used when other treatment options fail, and it is performed by connecting the ends of blood vessels or arteries that cause bleeding.
  • Cautery: In this process, the area that causes the bleeding is cauterized, and it is done only in the case of the ability to identify the blood vessel responsible for the bleeding.

home remedies

There are many home remedies that help stop nosebleeds and prevent it in the future, including the following:[4]

  • Vinegar: Vinegar helps stop nosebleeds by blocking the damaged blood vessel wall. When bleeding occurs, a small piece of cloth containing vinegar can be placed in the nose.
  • Eat foods containing zinc: Zinc is one of the most important nutrients that help maintain blood vessels. Examples of zinc-rich foods are: brown bread, popcorn, and brown rice.
  • Vitamin C: Collagen helps create a moist lining in the nose, thus reducing bleeding, and the body needs vitamin C to produce collagen.
  • Dark leafy greens: These vegetables contain vitamin K.
  • Fluid intake: It is recommended to drink large amounts of water and various liquids to maintain body and nose moisture.
  • Salt: Washing the nose with water and salt helps moisten the nose.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Nosebleed”, www.nhsinform.scot, Retrieved 4-9-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ John Cunha, “Nosebleed (Epistaxis, Nose Bleed, Bloody Nose)”, www.medicinenet.com, Retrieved 9-4-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ Caroline Gillott, “Why nosebleeds start and how to stop them”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 5-25-2019. Edited.
  4. ↑ “11 Home Remedies for Nosebleeds”, www.health.howstuffworks.com, Retrieved 9-4-2019. Edited.

How to deal with nosebleeds

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-17 23:18:01