The noon prayer is the second of the five daily prayers that God Almighty has imposed on His Muslim servants, which is performed daily along with the rest of the other obligatory prayers; Fajr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha. Prayer is not limited to the obligatory prayers only; Rather, every obligatory prayer is followed by a set of prescribed prayers whose number of rak’ahs varies from one obligatory prayer to another, and the time for its performance also varies; Some of the prayers have Sunnahs that are performed before them only, some of them have Sunnahs that are prayed only after them, and others have Sunnahs before and after them, and all of this is to draw closer to God Almighty, and to obtain the great reward from Him, Glory be to Him.
The five daily prayers are considered among the most important acts of worship that every Muslim is obliged to perform and perform them in their right, and these sunnahs have been prescribed to complete the deficiency in the obligatory duties as a result of the fault, error or omission that the worshiper may make. Completely, and the following is an explanation of everything related to the sunnah of the noon prayer, its number of rak’ahs, and its time.
The meaning of the Sunnah, linguistically and idiomatically
Language: The Sunnah is the method and the method, and there is no difference in that while whether that method is praiseworthy or reprehensible. As for the terminology of the hadith scholars, the Sunnah is applied to what the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, did and there was no evidence for its necessity.
The Muhadditheen also said: (The Sunnah is what was transmitted from the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – of sayings, actions, determination, and moral and ethical attributes, whether that was before the mission or after it). And the Sunnah according to the jurists with its jurisprudential meaning that pertains to reward and punishment: (What is required of the one who is obligated to do it is a request that is not decisive.
The sunnah prayers are divided into several sections: among them are the obligatory Sunnahs, the regular Sunnahs, the confirmed Sunnahs, and so on, and what matters here is the rated Sunnahs, so only they will be mentioned in this article in particular, in addition to mentioning the Sunnahs of prayers and the Sunnah of the back on the face of this independence only. The rest of the other years.
Definition of the Sunnahs
The Sunnahs of salaries are called this because the principle is to persevere in them, and they are the Sunnahs that follow others, or that depend on others or on what has a specific time, such as the two Eid prayers, the Duha prayer and the Tarawih prayer. Performing the Sunnahs of prayers alone without the obligations that were prescribed with them, and the Shafi’is did not limit the Sunnahs to prayer only; Rather, they set regular practices for fasting, such as fasting six days of Shawwal as a year for obligatory fasting in Ramadan.
Sections of the arranged Sunnahs
The Sunnahs are divided into two parts:
- The first section: the Sunnahs that are prayed before the obligatory prayer, and they are called the Qibli Sunnahs, which are six units of prayer: two units of prayer before the dawn prayer, and four units of two prayers before the noon prayer, and its time begins with the time for prayer begins until the person begins the obligatory prayer.
- The second section: the Sunnahs that are prayed after the obligatory prayer, which are also six units, and are called the after prayers, and they are: two units of prayer after Maghrib, two units of prayer after dinner, and two units of afternoon prayer.
The number of rak’ahs of the Sunnah
Detailing the number of rak’ahs for all the Sunnah prayers for each of the five obligatory prayers, based on the foregoing, as follows:
- The Sunnah of Fajr: It is enabled two rak’ahs before the obligatory prayer with the unanimity of the jurists, and the Sunnah of dawn is one of the most confirming and preferred, and this is evidenced by the saying of Mrs. Aisha -may God be pleased with her -: (The Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace two rak’ahs of dawn), Likewise, it was mentioned in the noble hadith: The two rak’ahs of the sunna of dawn are the only sunnah to be completed out of the five daily prayers.
- Sunnat al-Zuhr: The minimum is two rak’ahs before the obligatory prayer and two after it, according to the majority of jurists from the Hanafi, Shafi’i and Hanbali schools, and the best for them is four before it and two after it with one salaam.
- Sunnat al-Asr: There is no regular sunna for the afternoon prayer, but it is desirable to perform four rak’ahs before the afternoon prayer, according to the consensus of all the fuqaha’.
- The Sunna of Maghrib: They are two units of prayer after the Maghrib prayer, by agreement of the jurists, and it is desirable to add to six units of prayer according to the Hanafis and Malikis.
- The Sunnah of Isha: two rak’ahs after dinner, and it is desirable to perform four rak’ahs before it, and four rak’ahs after it.
The number of rak’ahs for the sunnah of Dhuhr
Umm Habiba Ramla bint Abi Sufyan – may God be pleased with her – narrated that the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – said: (Whoever memorizes four units of prayer before Zuhr and four after it, God forbids him to fire). So, the sunnah of the regular noon prayer, as stated in the hadith of Umm Habiba – may God be pleased with her – is eight units, four of which are prayed before the obligatory prayer and after the time for noon begins, and the remaining four are prayed after the performance of the obligatory prayer and before the time for noon begins. So he made of them the regular Sunnah prayers for the noon four rak’ahs: two before it, and two after it, and the other four as a non-regular sunnah, and some of them made it six rak’ahs: four before it and two after it, and the remaining two rak’ahs as a non- regular Sunnah, and another group believes that it is eight rak’ahs and if he does not pray as in the hadith, The four that are before performing the obligatory prayer, so it is permissible for him to pray them after the obligatory prayer, and it is sunnah for him to separate the obligatory prayer from the Sunnah with words, standing or movement. Midnight.
- ^ a b b A group of authors, the Kuwaiti Fiqh Encyclopedia (first edition), Egypt: Dar Al Safwa Press, p. 275, part 25. Adapted.
- ↑ Abu Muhammad Muwaffaq al-Din Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qudamah al-Jamaili al-Maqdisi (2002), Rawdat al-Nazir and Jannat al-Manazar fi Usul al-Fiqh on the Doctrine of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (Second Edition), Beirut: Al-Rayyan Foundation for Printing, Publishing and Distribution, p. 274, part 1 Actually.
- ^ AB “What is the ruling on performing the following regular Sunnah before the obligatory one?”, Islamweb, 6/18/2013, accessed on 5/12/2016.
- ↑ Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn al-Husayn ibn Umar, Abu Bakr al-Shashi al-Qaffal (1980), Hilyat al-Ulama fi Ma’rifat al-Fuqaha’ (first edition), Beirut: Foundation of the Message, p. 115, Part 2. Adapted.
- ↑ Narrated by Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Aisha, page or number: 730.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, in Sunan Al-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Aisha, page or number: 414.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Aisha, page or number: 1163.
- ↑ Narrated by Abu Dawood, in Sunan Abi Dawood, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, page or number: 1258.
- ↑ Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, in Sunan Al-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Umm Habiba Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, page or number: 428, Sahih Gharib.
- ↑ Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Qasim al-Asimi al-Hanbali (1397), Hashiyat al-Rawd al-Murabba’ Sharh Zad al-Mustaqni’ (first edition), p. 217, part 2. Adapted.
How many rak’ahs are there for the sunnah of noon?