Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China (English: Great Wall of China) is a wall located in China, and extends over large areas of it, and it is one of the largest architectural buildings built in the world, and the longest wall in the year, dating back more than 2,300 years. The Great Wall of China consists of several walls built in parallel, built over a period of nearly 2,000 years across the regions of northern China and southern Mongolia. A built wall, interspersed with trenches and pits. Today, not many parts of the wall remain, most of them have disappeared or been destroyed,[1] Because of its importance, it was included on the UNESCO list of heritage and culture in 1987.[2]

The length of the Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is 21,196.18 km long.[3] It was built during the rule of several ruling chains in different eras, each of which built a part of the wall using old parts of it and increasing new parts, until its total length reached the current length. The period of its construction extended between 221-206 BC and until 1368-1644 AD.[4] As for the wall that exists today, most of it goes back to the wall built by the Ming Dynasty that ruled between 1368-1644 AD, and it took more than 100 years to build the wall during their reign.[5]

History of the Great Wall of China

The beginning of the construction of the fence

The construction of the Great Wall of China dates back to the third century BC, and many of the forts in the wall date back to hundreds of years, before that China was divided into a number of kingdoms during the era of the warring kingdoms, and in about 220 BC. Qin Shi Huang, the first king of a united China, issued an order to remove the old forts, merge the ancient walls built on the northern border, and form a single wall extending more than 5,000 km; To protect China from attacks from the north.[6]

When the process of building the Great Wall of China began, it was run by the famous Chinese general Meng Tian, ​​and he used a huge army of soldiers, condemned people, and people from the common people; To help him build this huge wall, and to build the wall, earth and stones were used. The wall extended from Shanhaiguan Port, which is located in the China Sea, to Gansu Province for a distance of 3,000 miles (4,828,032 km), and in some strategic areas parts of the fence were overlapped to achieve maximum security. ), its height was about 15-30 feet (4.6-9.14 m), and above it were walls 12 feet (3.65 m) or higher, and guard towers were distributed along the walls.[6]

The Wall of China through the ages

After the death of Qin Shi Huang and the fall of the ruling Qin dynasty, most parts of the wall of China fell into disrepair. After the fall of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) Northern China was ruled by a series of successive tribes, the most powerful of which was the Northern Wei Dynasty (386). -535 AD), this dynasty repaired and expanded the existing wall to defend against the attacks of other tribes, then the Bai Zhi Kingdom (550-577 AD), built and repaired more than 900 miles (1448.41 km) of the wall, and then the Sui Kingdom for a short period (581 AD). -618 AD), but it played an active role in repairing and extending the Great Wall of China several times.[6]

With the fall of the Sui Dynasty and the emergence of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), the Great Wall of China lost its importance as an impenetrable fortress; Where China defeated the Tuju tribe in the north, and expanded beyond the original borders protected by the wall, and during the Song Dynasty (960-1279), the Chinese were forced to withdraw under threat from the Liao and Jin peoples in the north; Where they seized many areas on both sides of the Great Wall of China, after that, the Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian) (1206-1368 AD) established by Genghis Khan appeared, and eventually controlled all of China, parts of Asia and parts of Europe, although the The Great Wall of China was of little importance to the Mongols in terms of military fortification, but they commissioned the soldiers to repair the wall; To protect the merchants who traveled along the profitable trade routes established in this period.[6]

Building the wall during the Ming Dynasty

Most of the parts of the current wall belong to the wall built by the ruling Ming dynasty. The period of great architectural progress besides the Great Wall, and the bridge, temples, and structures were built, and in 1474 AD, the construction of the Great Wall as we know it today began; The Ming Dynasty began the process of improving, restoring, and expanding the Great Wall.[6]

The Importance of the Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China has had an important role throughout history in both the political and military aspects. In the middle of the seventeenth century AD, the Manchu peoples attacked Beijing across the Great Wall of China, coming from central and southern Manchuria, which eventually led to forcing the Ming Dynasty to surrender, and from here began the rule of the ruling Qing Dynasty (1644-1912 AD, and between the eighth centuries AD, The twentieth century, the Great Wall of China emerged as a national symbol for China known in the Western world, and a material and moral symbol of the extent of China’s strength. It also formed the shield with which China defended itself as a country against foreign interference. Today, the wall bears architectural importance as the most prominent masterpiece in history; This wall is the only edifice built by man, and it can be seen from space.[6]

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  1. ↑ “The Great Wall of China”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 10-8-2017. Edited.
  2. ↑ “The Great Wall”, whc.unesco.org, Retrieved 10-8-2017.
  3. ↑ “How long is the Great Wall of China?”, www.great-wallofchina.com, Retrieved 22-10-2017. Edited.
  4. ↑ “History of the Great Wall of China”, www.great-wallofchina.com, Retrieved 22-10-2017. Edited.
  5. ↑ “The Ming Dynasty”, www.great-wallofchina.com, Retrieved 22-10-2017. Edited.
  6. ^ a b c c c h “GREAT WALL OF CHINA”, www.history.com, Retrieved 10-8-2017. Edited.

How long is the Great Wall of China?