Ways of transmission of syphilis
Syphilis is defined as a bacterial infection transmitted through direct contact with the sores resulting from the disease, in one of the following ways:
- Transmission of the disease through blood transfusion.
- Transmission from a pregnant mother infected with syphilis to the fetus.
- Direct sexual contact in all its forms with the infected person.
- Sharing contaminated needles with someone who has syphilis.
Symptoms associated with syphilis vary according to the degree and type of infection, and the following is an explanation for that:
- Initial stage: accompanied by noticing the presence of one or more ulcers in the place where the disease enters the body only, and the ulcers are mostly solid and circular in shape, and do not cause pain, and therefore difficult to notice, and last for a period ranging from 3 to 6 weeks, and can be cured without using Any treatment, and its disappearance does not mean stopping the use of treatment, as it can develop and move to the secondary stage.
- Secondary stage: Its symptoms begin with the appearance of a rash in one area, or several areas of the body, such as: the soles of the hands or feet. Or the anus, or the mouth, and may be associated with some other symptoms, such as: headache, suffering from weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, muscle pain, in addition to irregular hair loss, and infection can move to the latent stages And possibly the third stage of syphilis if treatment is not done.
- Latent stage: This stage is characterized by the absence of any symptoms or signs, and it can last for several years.
- The third stage: the symptoms are more severe, and their effect extends to the heart, blood vessels, brain, and nervous system, and it occurs 10 to 30 years after the onset of infection, and may lead to death.
- Neurosyphilis: its symptoms are:
- Paralysis, or the inability to move some parts of the body.
- Suffering from severe headaches and numbness.
- Experiencing problems with controlling muscle movement.
Causes of syphilis
The treponema pallidum (Latin: Treponema pallidum) causes syphilis, and is transmitted through sexual contact, and is the most common way the disease is spread, as the bacteria enter through scratches, or small cracks in the skin, or mucous membrane, and the disease is contagious in Stage I, II, and sometimes at the beginning of the latent stage.
- ↑ “Syphilis”, www.nhs.uk, Retrieved 3-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Syphilis – CDC Fact Sheet”, www.cdc.gov, Retrieved 3-4-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Syphilis”, www.mayoclinic.org, accessed on 3-4-2019. act.
How is syphilis transmitted?