How is iron made?
There are a number of steps and components needed to make iron, which are as follows:
- Usable iron making ingredients:
- Iron making method:
- Limestone, iron stone.
- Coke (fuel).
- Frying the iron stone inside the lime kilns, in order to get rid of the impurities stuck to it.
- Blowing iron with air, or what is blasted, is done inside the blast furnace using powerful and powerful steam engines. Air is necessary to maintain the mixing and burning process that takes place inside the furnace.
- The addition of limestone that is amenable to plankton and impurities in iron ore, which helps its flow. This mixture is called aggregate or slag, and it is disposed of and removed by opening the tap, which will allow the slag to exit from it after it floats to the surface of the mixture.
- Open the tap at the bottom of the vertical oven, so that the molten iron comes out of the oven.
- Work on the flow of iron on a place prepared and equipped with sand, so that it is organized and tidy.
- Transporting iron to refineries, then heating it, melting it, and reforming it.
iron industry development
There are a number of developments that the iron industry has gone through, as follows:
- The emergence and development of the industrial revolution, which helped in the development of the iron industry, and many innovations, and the spread of iron production, and its fields expanded, as the first iron bridge was established.
- The development of iron in 1783 AD, where Henry Court worked on the development of techniques, and methods of peeling and rolling, which are ways to obtain plankton from iron, and the ability to produce on a large scale, and developments in other areas helped to increase the demand for iron, such as the increased demand for iron Steam engines that need iron.
- The emergence of the Napoleonic wars, during which the demand for iron increased, in order to meet the needs of the army, as British iron production increased about four times, and Britain was the most iron-producing country at that time.
There are a number of properties that distinguish iron from other metals, and among the most important properties of iron are the following:
- Iron is distinguished by its bright white color.
- Iron is strong, easily lubricated, and flexible.
- The color of iron changes due to corrosion, due to the accumulation of oxygen in it with the availability of moisture.
- Iron is rust-proof.
- Iron is abundant in the earth’s crust, as it ranks fourth in terms of the arrangement of the elements available in the earth’s crust.
- It has an atomic number of 26 and an atomic weight of 55.85.
- ↑ “How iron is made”, www.scotland.forestry.gov.uk, Retrieved 10-11-2018. Edited.
- ↑ y Robert Wilde (7-8-2018), “Iron in the Industrial Revolution”, www.thoughtco.com, Retrieved 10-11-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “Iron”, www.mysite.du.edu, Retrieved 10-11-2018. Edited.
How is iron made?