protect wild animals

The latest edition of the Red List of Threatened Species issued by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Resources in 2016 indicates that one animal species disappears every twenty minutes, and that (26%) of mammals, (13%) of birds, and (42%) of ) of amphibians, and (30%) of sharks and rays are threatened with extinction, and it also indicates that (23.928) species of animals out of (82,954) species that have been studied and classified are considered endangered. When contemplating the previous numbers and proportions, we realize that solutions must be found to protect wild animals, otherwise many types of them will become mere pictures and drawings of living creatures that once lived on Earth.

The Global Species Program of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources highlights the endangered species in order to make an effort to conserve them, alerting the world to the importance of studying the causes of the disappearance of wild animal species from the earth, and urging everyone to make more efforts to protect them.[1][2]

Reasons for the extinction of wild animals

There are many reasons that lead to the extinction of wild animals, the most important of which are:

  • Loss of animal habitats and places of residence: swamps, rivers, lakes and ponds are among the natural environments threatened with destruction, in addition to forests and wetlands. Every year (1%) of the tropical forests in the world are destroyed to obtain timber and establish agricultural projects in their place, and build roads and build housing, Some may think that this percentage is somewhat small, but we must think about the impact of this in the long run on the plants and animals that live in those forests; Where the destruction of natural habitats is one of the most important reasons that lead to the extinction of animals after losing their natural habitat, for example; The depletion of wetlands in Europe and North America over the past two hundred years has changed the migration and breeding patterns of many waterfowl and confined them to the few remaining places.[3]
  • Introduced or alien species: It means the introduction of types of plants and animals – which do not exist naturally – into a particular environmental area, which leads to damage to the local species in that environment; In the year 1859 AD, 24 rabbits were introduced to Australia, and since rabbits are fast breeding, and with the absence of natural predators that can limit the growth of rabbits, their numbers increased rapidly, and within a hundred years the number of rabbits reached 600 million rabbits throughout the continent, which It has caused damage to local species such as Bandicoot, whose natural resources and habitats have been taken over by rabbits, and it has become threatened with extinction. [4]
  • Environmental pollution: Harmful substances that pollute the environment are caused by human activity, such as fumes from car exhaust, sulfur oxides, or nitrogen oxides from factories; When rain falls, oxide particles dissolve in raindrops and form acid rain that destroys forests and kills fish and other aquatic animals, and the accumulation of carbon dioxide resulting from burning fuel leads to global warming and changes in the climate, causing floods and storms that negatively affect As for the water, it is polluted from sewage water or from fertilizers that reach rivers and seas, which increases the decomposition of algae and depletes the dissolved oxygen in the water, and threatens marine life, just as the seas are polluted by oil spills that leak from oil tankers, exposing marine animals to poisoning. It damages the feathers of seabirds and the fur of aquatic mammals.[5]
  • Human population growth: The continuous increase in human numbers leads to an increase in the consumption of natural resources, and the destruction of the natural habitats of animals.[6]
  • Overhunting: Overhunting of some types of animals leads to a clear decrease in their numbers. Where elephants are poached for their ivory, whales for their meat and oil, tigers for their skin, and rhinos for their horns, and although these animals have recently become protected by law, illegal hunting continues, in addition to poaching, The increased consumption of some species, which exceeds their ability to reproduce, leads to a decrease in their numbers, as happens to cod fish, and other fish.[7]

ways to protect wild animals

In order to protect wild animals from extinction, concerted efforts and cooperation between governmental institutions and organizations concerned with nature protection are necessary. Among the steps through which this goal can be achieved are the following: [1][8]

  • Raising awareness of all segments of society about the importance of biodiversity and ways to preserve wildlife. This can be achieved by including topics related to nature protection in school curricula, in addition to workshops held by associations concerned with natural diversity.
  • Issuing global laws to protect the environment and natural diversity so that they are binding on all, and no party is exempted from their application.
  • Establishing a global gene bank, with the aim of preserving the DNA of endangered species, so that they can be used later.
  • The use of self-driving aircraft equipped with cameras that can monitor large areas of wild land, and can monitor hunters and send signals to wildlife rangers for rapid intervention on the ground, and can direct animals to safe places, and currently these aircraft are being tested in: Kenya and Tanzania. The results showed a decrease in poaching.
  • training of wildlife rangers, providing them with advanced equipment, and increasing their numbers and wages; To increase their efficiency in combating illegal hunting of wild animals.
  • Create nature reserves equipped with advanced technology, which can take advantage of satellites, transmitters and even robots; To monitor and deter animal hunters.
  • prevent deforestation, logging and planting of too much forest; They provide shelter and food for birds and small animals such as squirrels, and they absorb substances that can lead to climate change.
  • environmental pollution control; By reducing waste and switching to renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy instead of energy sources that cause air pollution, and reducing the use of harmful herbicides and insecticides.
  • Educating people about the importance of boycotting products made from ivory or the hides of endangered wild animals, in order to save these animals.
  • drive carefully on roads close to the natural habitats of wild animals; To avoid hitting animals crossing the road.

wild animal video

Learn about wild animals in the video.

the reviewer

  1. ^ AB “THE WILD ANIMALS”, OMPE, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Introduction”, IUCN Red List, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  3. ↑ “‘habitat destruction'”, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  4. ↑ “Invasive species”, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  5. ↑ “Pollution”, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  6. ↑ “population”, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  7. ↑ “‘overhunting'”, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.
  8. ↑ “Protect Wildlife”, Everything Connects, Retrieved 29-6-2017. Edited.

How do we protect wild animals?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-22 00:24:01