Forgiveness

The believer always strives to be safe from disobedience and sins, and that is a lofty goal undoubtedly, for this reason the Muslim must strive to realize the whims, desires and sins that he flings about, so he will seek forgiveness from God at all times and when, and there is no one among Muslims who does not need to seek forgiveness no matter how much of faith and piety; Since every human being is exposed to committing sins and misdeeds, even our Master Muhammad – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – used to ask God’s forgiveness several times every day, as Abu Huraira – may God be pleased with him – narrated that the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – said: (By God, I I ask God’s forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day.[1] If a servant commits sins and commits sins, then his only way to remove those sins is to resort to seeking forgiveness after restoring the rights to their owners, if what he committed was due to the rights of the servants, and the servant can reach to know if God has forgiven his sins in several ways.

The meaning of forgiveness

Forgiveness is a language

Forgiveness is a language: the source of forgiveness, and it comes with the meaning of covering and covering. God Almighty forgives sins: if he covers them.[2]

idiomatically ask forgiveness

For forgiveness there are several idiomatic definitions stipulated by scholars, including that seeking forgiveness is: a servant’s request for forgiveness from God Almighty after seeing the ugliness of the sin, and turning away from it.[3] Among its definitions is also that: Asking forgiveness from God Almighty for the sins and misdeeds committed by the servant.[4]

The fruits of forgiveness and its virtues

The Qur’anic texts and the Prophetic hadiths referred to the many virtues, fruits and results of seeking forgiveness. The Almighty said in Surat Noah: (So I said forgive your Lord, for he was a forgiveness * He sends the sky to you as a merit.[5] Among those fruits and virtues, as indicated by the explicit authentic texts:

  • Asking for forgiveness is a reason for obtaining sustenance: For seeking forgiveness is one of the most important reasons for seeking rain after despair of its descent, and it is a reason for sustenance represented by money, children and rain, which results in the abundance of plantings and the fertility of the land. We saw you for watering? He said: You asked for rain with the praises of heaven by which rain descends.[6]
  • Asking for forgiveness is a reason to expiate sins and remove sins and bad deeds.[6] For if a Muslim commits a sin and then asks God’s forgiveness, God has promised him to erase his sin so that his page becomes white without sins, and from that God Almighty’s saying:[7]
  • God Almighty has enjoined His love for those who seek forgiveness, and He declares His joy in their repentance and their return to Him and that He is satisfied with them and brags about them to His angels.[8]
  • استجلاب الخير والبركة بفضل مداومة الاستغفار، ودليل هذا دعاء نوح -عليه السّلام- لقومه بأن يَستغفروا ليُزاد لهم في الرّزق والخير، وذلك في قول الله تعالى على لسانه: (فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا * يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُم مِّدْرَارًا * وَيُمْدِدْكُم بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجْعَل لَّكُمْ gardens and make for you rivers).[9]
  • Asking for forgiveness is one of the means of deliverance from God’s torment and deserving the torment of the grave. God Almighty said to His Prophet Muhammad – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – as good tidings to those who seek forgiveness from his nation:[10]
  • Asking for forgiveness is a reason to relieve distress and remove worries. It was narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas – may God be pleased with him – he said: The Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: (Whoever needs to seek forgiveness, God will make for him relief from all of them, and from every distress a way out, and his sustenance in terms of not counted).[11]
  • In seeking forgiveness, following the example of the prophets and messengers, peace be upon them; As they used to ask God’s forgiveness a lot, in times of distress, and even in times of prosperity, Adam – peace be upon him – and his wife Eve asked God’s forgiveness after violating His command by eating them from the tree that He forbade them from approaching, and that is in God Almighty’s saying: (They said: Our Lord We have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will surely be among the losers).[12] Likewise, the Prophet of God, Moses, peace be upon him, asked for forgiveness after his regret for the man’s prick, which took his life. God Almighty said through the tongue of Moses, peace be upon him: “My Lord said, I have wronged myself, so forgive me, so forgive him.”[13]

How do I know that God has forgiven me?

It is not possible for any person to find out whether God Almighty has forgiven a slave of his sins, or if he has not forgiven a servant who sought His forgiveness for his sins and misdeeds; Because that is one of the unseen that no one ever sees, but there are signs and signs that show the acceptance of repentance and God’s forgiveness of sins and misdeeds.[14]

  • That the servant who seeks forgiveness finds a burning in his heart for the sins he has committed, sins and disobedience.
  • That the servant who seeks forgiveness looks at himself with the eye of negligence on what he has done for the sake of God Almighty.
  • That the servant seeking forgiveness is more distant from the sin he was committing and from its causes, so he does not, for any reason, approach any door that opens access to the same sin.
  • That the servant seeking forgiveness tends to turn to his Lord with the doors of obedience and supererogatory actions, abandoning taboos, and staying away from bad people who help him in disobedience.
  • That God grant him repentance to be seen as a great blessing of the greatest blessings upon him, and he preserves it with what he has been given.

Conditions for the validity of forgiveness

Whoever wants to repent from sins and misdeeds and wants his forgiveness to be valid and acceptable to God, there must be conditions that must be met in repentance, including:[15]

  • Remorse for the sins he did.
  • Determined not to return to sin.
  • Quit the sin immediately.
  • That repentance be sincere to God Almighty.
  • That repentance be on time, so repentance is not accepted for those who repent after the rising of the sun from the west, or for those who repent to escape from judgment and punishment, as happened with Pharaoh.
  • To quit the transgressions and sins for which he sought forgiveness and not return to them.
  • To regret what he did of sins.
  • To resolve never to return to sin.

If one of these conditions is missing, his repentance is not valid, and if the guilt relates to a human right, then the conditions for repentance increase in addition to the previous conditions. The unanimity of determination to repent, and sincerity of repentance to God Almighty.[16] قال الله تعالى: (يَا ​​أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا تُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَصُوحًا عَسَى رَبُّكُمْ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ يَوْمَ لَا يُخْزِي اللَّهُ النَّبِيَّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَعَهُ نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَى بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا إِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ mighty).[17]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Abu Huraira, page or number: 6307.
  2. ↑ Ibn Manzur (1414 AH), Lisan al-Arab (third edition), Beirut: Dar Sader, page 25, part 5. Adapted.
  3. ↑ Al-Jurjani (1983), Definitions (first edition), Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya, p. 18.
  4. ↑ Muhammad Rawas Qalaji, Hamid Qunaibi (1988), Dictionary of the Language of the Jurists (second edition), Amman: Dar Al-Nafais, p. 275. Adapted.
  5. ↑ Surah Nuh, verse: 10-12.
  6. ^ AB Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Ansari Al-Qurtubi, Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, page 277, part 11. Adapted.
  7. ↑ Surah An-Nisa, Verse: 110.
  8. ↑ Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali, The Revival of Religious Sciences, Beirut: Dar Al-Maarifa, page 5, part 4. Adapted.
  9. ↑ Surah Nuh, verse: 10-12.
  10. ↑ Surat Al-Anfal, verse: 33.
  11. ↑ Narrated by Ibn Majah, in Sunan Ibn Majah, on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, page or number: Part 2, page 1254, Hadith No.: 3819.
  12. ↑ Surat Al-A’raf, Verse: 23.
  13. ↑ Surat Al-Qasas, Verse: 16.
  14. ↑ “One of the signs of acceptance of repentance is a good condition after it”, Islamweb – Fatwa Center, 6/18/2001, accessed on 12/17/2016. act.
  15. ↑ Abu Muhammad Abd al-Aziz ibn Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Abd al-Muhsin al-Salman, Jurisprudence Questions and Answers, p. 87, Part 6. Adapted.
  16. ^ AB Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abdullah Al-Tuwaijri (2009), Encyclopedia of Islamic Fiqh (first edition), Beirut: International House of Ideas, p. 537, Part 5. Adapted.
  17. ↑ Surat Al-Tahrim, Verse 8.

How do I know that God has forgiven me?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-20 01:42:01