Istikharah

In his daily life, the Muslim is exposed to a set of important matters and situations in which he must make a decision, and this decision may be fateful for him. The so-called istikhaarah prayer, what is the istikhaarah prayer? And what time? How do you perform?

Definition of istikharah prayer

The meaning of prayer in the language

Linguistically, prayer: supplication, and it was said: glorification, [1]As for the conventional prayer, it is: specific actions and sayings that a Muslim performs at specific times, in obedience to God Almighty.[2]

The meaning of istikharah

Istikharah in the language: whoever istikhaarah makes istikhaarah, then he is istikhaarah, and istikhaarah of God Almighty: that is, he asks God Almighty to guide him to choose what is in his best interest, and to expedite it for him, and istikhaarah: that is to choose and choose him, and the istikharah prayer: is a prayer that leads to a request for good.[3]As for istikharah, idiomatically, it is: asking for good from God Almighty in a matter of lawful or permissible matters.[4]

Ruling on praying istikhaarah

The jurists are unanimously agreed that the istikharah prayer is Sunnah, but the evidence for its legality is what was narrated by Jabir – may God be pleased with him – who said: The Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – used to teach his companions istikhaarah in all matters, as he taught a surah from the Qur’an, one of them says: (If you With the command, let him perform two rak’ahs without the obligatory prayer, then say: O God, I seek help from You by Your knowledge, and I seek guidance from You by Your power, and I ask You of Your bosom, for You are able and I am not, and You know, and I do not sin, and you are sinful, and I know this. My affair and its future – he said: Or in my religion, my livelihood and the outcome of my affair – so decree it for me, make it easy for me, then bless me in it, O God, and if You know that it is bad for me in my religion, my livelihood, and the outcome of my affair – or he said: In the immediate and late of my affair, make it easier for me – then abstain from it. where he satisfied me with it).[5] The Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – mentioned in this prophetic hadith that whoever wants to perform istikharah must begin by praying two units of prayer other than the obligatory prayer.[6]

How to pray istikharah

There are three cases for the istikhaarah prayer in which the person who is seeking help can do whatever he wants, and these cases are: [6]

Praying two rak’ahs without the obligatory prayer, then saying the supplication

This case is the most successful, and the fuqaha’ have agreed on it, and it is performed as follows:

  • In the beginning, it is Sunnah for the person to perform ablution in order to improve his ablution.[7]
  • The person seeking istikharah prays two units of prayer other than the obligatory prayer. In the first rak’ah, he recites Surat Al-Kafirun, and in the second rak’ah he recites Surat Al-Ikhlas.[8]
  • When the person who hires him finishes performing the prayer, he must face the qiblah to say the istikhaarah supplication. [7]
  • The user begins his supplication with the praise of God and prayers upon His Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, and concludes the supplication with them as well.[8]
  • The user says the istikharah supplication.
  • It is Sunnah to sleep in a state of purity.[7]
  • If the user sees in his sleep whiteness or greenness, then this is considered good, and if he sees blackness or redness, then this is an evil that he must avoid. In all cases, the user must submit his command to God Almighty; He trusts him. [7]

It is worth noting that istikhaarah is not associated with dreams. Rather, a person can use istikhaarah and not see anything in his dreams indicating what he is praying for. Rather, the result of istikhaarah will be a success from God, so the matter for which he was asked is easily and easily completed, or the result will be difficult if the matter is evil for him.

Istikhara by saying a prayer only

In this way, the Hanafi, Maliki, and Shafi’i jurists said, in this case, that the person who is seeking help supplicates without praying:

  • First of all, it is Sunnah for the person who uses the person to perform ablution to improve his ablution.[7]
  • That the user faces the qiblah; To say a prayer of istikharah.[7]
  • That the person using the supplication opens with the praise of God and blessings upon His Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, and concludes with them as well.[8]
  • To say the istikhaarah supplication.

Istikharah praying after any prayer

This is what the Maliki and Shafi’i jurists said in this way, and this is the case for the person who uses istikhaarah to say the istikhaarah supplication after any obligatory or supererogatory prayer, with the presence of the intention which is the first, or the absence of the intention.[6]

Istikhara prayer time

The jurists who say that istikhaarah is done through prayer only went to the fact that there is no specific time for istikhaarah, so when a Muslim is most important to him and wants to use God Almighty to address him with a prayer of istikhaarah, as for those who say that istikhaarah occurs by prayer and supplication, they went to the fact that the performance of prayer is limited to the times of permissibility, [6] The person who is hired must keep away from the times when prayer is disliked, and these times are after performing the dawn prayer until the sun rises as much as a spear, i.e. from the time of completion of the dawn prayer until the time of morning, and the time of the middle of the sun in the sky, i.e. from the period of noon to noon, and after its completion From the afternoon prayer until after sunset, i.e. from the afternoon prayer to the sunset prayer. If he stays away from those times, he may pray them whenever he wants.[9]

Benefits of istikharah prayer

Praying istikhaarah and directing the Muslim to his Lord in prayer and supplication has great benefits, including:[10][11]

  • God Almighty made supplication one of the means by which a servant obtains God’s forgiveness, pleasure, victory and sustenance.
  • Supplication is the weapon of the believer. It prevents the affliction from descending, raises it, or reduces it if it descends on the servant.
  • Supplication restores fate, as the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, told that; Where he said: (Indeed, a servant is deprived of sustenance by a sin that afflicts him, and he does not turn back fate except by supplication, and does not increase his lifespan except by righteousness).[12]
  • The istikharah prayer is an achievement of trust in God Almighty, and the abstraction of one’s lack of it.
  • Whoever asks God sincerely and delegates his affair to him, God will give him what he needs.
  • Satisfaction with the decree of God, glory be to Him, and contentment with what God has divided.
  • Whoever prays to God Almighty will obtain peace of mind and certainty of what will ward off every worry or grief that occurs in his choice.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Jamal al-Din, Muhammad Taher bin Ali al-Siddiqi al-Hindi al-Fatni al-Gujarati (1968), The Bihar al-Anwar Complex in the strangeness of downloading and Taif al-Akhbar (third ed.), India: The Ottoman Encyclopedia Council Press, p. 344, part 3.
  2. ↑ Ibrahim bin Ali Al-Shirazi (1985 AD), Al-Muhadhab in Shafi’i jurisprudence (first edition), Damascus: Dar Al-Fikr, page 50, part 1.
  3. ↑ Ahmed Mukhtar Abdel Hamid Omar (2008), Dictionary of Contemporary Arabic Language (first edition), Beirut: World of Books, page 711, part 1.
  4. ↑ Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abdullah Al-Tuwaijri (2009), Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence (first edition), Beirut: International House of Ideas, page 698, part 2.
  5. ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Jaber bin Abdullah Al-Sulami, page or number: 7390.
  6. ^ a b c t Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs – Kuwait (1427 AH), Kuwaiti Fiqh Encyclopedia (second edition), Kuwait: Dar Al Salasil, p. 242, Part 3. Adapted.
  7. ^ a b c c c Zain al-Din ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, known as Ibn Njeim, The Raqib Sea, Explanation of the Treasure of Minutes (Second Edition), Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Islami, p. 56, part 2.
  8. ^ ABT Wahba Mustafa Al-Zahili, Islamic Jurisprudence and Its Evidence (Fourth Edition), Damascus: Dar Al-Fikr, p. 1064-1065, Part 2. Adapted.
  9. ↑ Suleiman bin Muhammad bin Omar al-Bujayrami (1995), al-Bujairmi’s footnote on al-Khatib, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, p. 428, part 1. Adapted.
  10. ↑ “What is the benefit of praying istikharah, since things are predetermined?”, Islam Question and Answer, 10-9-2008, accessed on 4-10-2017. act.
  11. ↑ “The Importance of Istikhara Prayers”, Islam Question and Answer, 6-12-2008, accessed on 4-10-2017. act.
  12. ↑ It was narrated by Ibn Baz, in the Hashiyah Buloogh al-Maram by Ibn Baz, on the authority of Thawban, the freed slave of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, page or number: 778, its chain of transmission is authentic.

How and when to pray istikhaarah