America is the second largest country in the world and consists of a mixture of large urban areas and densely populated plains with beautiful landscapes. Likewise, cultures in the United States are very diverse, partly due to the influx of immigrants who have entered America since the seventeenth century, and America arose from 1492 when Christopher Columbus arrived.
Prehistoric times began in the United States with the arrival of Native Americans before 15000 BC, many indigenous cultures were formed, and many disappeared before 1500, the arrival of Christopher Columbus began in 1492 European colonization of the Americas, most of the colonies were formed after the year 1600, records were made and Early writings of John Winthrop, the United States, the first country whose far-reaching origins were recorded, by the 1860s, the 13th British colonies contained 2.5 million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains, after defeating France, the British government imposed a series of Taxes, including the Stamp Act of 1765, rejecting the constitutional debate of colonists that new taxes needed their approval Resisting these taxes, especially the Boston Tea Party in 1773, resulted in Parliament issuing punitive laws aimed at ending self-government in Massachusetts.
The history of the United States is broad and complex, but it can be divided into moments and time periods that divided the United States, its unity, and changed it to the country it is today:
American History from 1700-1799
The American Revolution was sometimes referred to as the American War of Independence or Revolutionary War as a conflict that lasted from 1775-1783 and allowed the 13 original colonies to remain independent of Great Britain.
American politician and soldier George Washington became the first president of the United States in 1789, serving two terms, beginning with Great Britain in the late 1870s, and the Industrial Revolution eventually reaching the United States and changing the focus of the American economy and the way in which products are made.
History of America in 1800-1899
In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson agreed to purchase Louisiana, successfully adding 530 million acres of land to the United States, the region was purchased from France for $ 15 million, and the following year President Jefferson instructed Merewether Lewis (who asked for help from William Clarke) go Westward and explore the newly purchased land it took about a year and a half to reach the West Coast.
In the War of 1812, resolving the outstanding tensions between the United States and Great Britain, the two-year war ended British military positions on American soil and British interference in American trade.
The American Civil War divided the United States into two northern states versus the southern states, as a result of a four-year battle (1861-1865) that kept the United States together as one whole country and ended slavery.
America in the year 1900-1999
On December 17, 1903, the Wilbur Brothers and Orville Wright became the first person to maintain a controlled flight in a machine powered heavier than air. Wright flew for only 12 seconds to 120 feet, but technology would change the modern world forever.
On April 6, 1917, the United States entered World War I by declaring war on Germany, after nearly 100 years of protests, demonstrations, and sit-ins, and women in the United States were formally granted the right to vote after the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment on August 26, 1920.
The worst economic crisis occurred in the United States when the stock market crashed in October 1929, which led to the Great Depression.World War II officially began in September 1939 after Germany invaded Poland, and the United States entered the war only after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941.
On August 6 and August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, virtually ending World War II and after World War II, an agreement was reached to divide Korea into two parts: the northern half under Soviet control and the southern half under US control Originally, the partition was intended as a temporary solution, but the Soviet Union managed to block the elections to elect someone to unite the country, instead, the Soviet Union sent North Korean forces across latitude 38 which led to the three-year Korean War ( 1950-1953).
From 1954-1968, the African American Civil Rights Movement, especially in the southern states, occurred in the fight to end racial discrimination and racial discrimination, the movement resulted in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
The Vietnam War was a battle that lasted nearly 20 years (1 November 1955 – 30 April 1975) between North Vietnam and southern Vietnam, North Vietnam won the war and Vietnam became a united country.
And Apollo 11, the expedition (16-24 July 1969) allowed the United States astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Paz” to become the first humans on the moon.
History of America from 2000 to the present
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 changed the United States forever. Less than a month later (October 7, 2001), the United States started the war in Afghanistan, which is still happening today.
On March 20, 2003, the United States invaded and occupied Iraq, and the war lasted for more than eight years before it was officially declared on December 18, 2011.
In 2008, Barack Obama became the first African American to be elected President of the United States.
Congressional Resource Library
The Library of Congress compiled a list of historical events for each day of the year, entitled “This day in history.” The website is updated daily and visitors can view the history of the previous day in addition to the documents, pictures or external information available for each historical event.
In American history a section of the Library of Congress is separated by time period or subject and presentations an in-depth look at US history.
The Declaration of Independence in America
The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in the history of the United States, as Thomas Jefferson took 17 days to write the Declaration of Independence and on July 2, 1776, Congress voted to declare independence from Great Britain, exhaled July 4, 1776, Congress voted to accept the Declaration of Independence, on the occasion of July 4 Independence Day .
The New Constitution of America
The basis, purpose, form, and structure of the American government is found in the United States Constitution, at the constitutional convention adopting the constitution on September 17, 1787.
The Bill of Rights is the first 10 amendments to the constitution, which guarantees greater constitutional protection for individual freedoms and lists specific prohibitions of government authority. There are 27 amendments to the constitution. The 27th amendment, originally proposed in 1789, was not ratified until 1992.
Military History of America
The United States Armed Forces dates back to 1775, when America needed a defensive force to protect the original 13 colonies from the British invasion, today there are five branches:
- The United States Army is the oldest (established June 14, 1775), and the largest of the five branches. Soldiers are responsible for performing ground military operations.
- The United States Navy operates primarily from waters (seas and oceans) providing protection both in water and in the air.
- The contemporary U.S. Air Force is the smallest of the five branches (founded on September 18, 1947) prior to the creation of the modern air force, it was an arm of the U.S. Army, dating back to 1907. The pilots are responsible for carrying out air military operations.
- The U.S. Marine Corps is smaller than the four branches under the Defense Department, and the Marines provide land and sea support for the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and in times of war, for the Coast Guard.
- The United States Coast Guard is the only branch that falls under the Department of Homeland Security, a multi-functional coast guard, with many tasks in peacetime, including coast guard missions: maritime search and rescue, maritime law enforcement, marine environmental protection, ports, and waterways, Coastal security.