In fact, there is no complete cure to get rid of the common cold; Therefore, the goal of taking medications is to relieve symptoms; Where it is possible to use medicines that are sold without a prescription, but it is recommended to consult a doctor before taking any of them, especially when giving them to children, and these medicines include the following:
- acetaminophen: (in English: Acetaminophen); It relieves the pain associated with a cold without causing stomach upsets.
- Aspirin: (in English: Aspirin), and it should be noted that it is not given to children under the age of 18; Because of its association with Reye’s syndrome, a disorder that mostly affects children aged 4 to 12 years, it leads to brain damage or death.
- Decongestants, which relieve nasal congestion, and are not recommended for children; because of its side effects.
- Antihistamines, which are sometimes used to stop a runny nose and sneezing.
- Cough suppressants, which reduce coughing in adults, but for children, it was found that they are not useful, and may have significant side effects on them.
- Expectorants, which reduce the viscosity of mucus; So that it can be removed easily.
The following procedures can be followed at home; To relieve the symptoms of a common cold:
- drink plenty of fluids; Including water, juices, and warm soups, and avoiding caffeinated drinks and alcohol.
- Get enough rest.
- adjust room temperature and humidity; The room is kept warm, and the air can be humidified using a humidifier, which in turn relieves congestion and coughing.
- gargling with salt water; This is to temporarily relieve sore and rough throats.
- The use of saline nose drops, and in cases of infants, a manual nasal suction device (Bulb Syringe) is used after placing the drops.
There are some alternative treatments that are believed to either prevent colds, or reduce the severity of symptoms and the length of the illness, and these treatments include taking food supplements containing vitamin C, zinc, and Echinacea.
- ↑ “Common Cold: Management and Treatment”, my.clevelandclinic.org, Retrieved 3-3-2019. Edited.
- ↑ Mayo Clinic Staff (8-8-2017), “Common cold Diagnosis & treatment”, www.mayoclinic.org, Retrieved 3-3-2019. Edited.
- ↑ Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD (11-1-2019), “Colds”, www.emedicinehealth.com, Retrieved 20-3-2019. Edited.
Getting rid of colds