gestational diabetes analysis

Gestational diabetes is a special type of diabetes that affects women during pregnancy and disappears after childbirth. It is glucose intolerance of varying severity. This type of diabetes occurs as a result of hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy, which affect the body’s ability to consume insulin. It is necessary to regulate the rate of blood sugar, and gestational diabetes is divided into two types: A1, which does not depend on insulin for its treatment, and A2, which depends on insulin in its treatment, and either type can be diagnosed by performing a gestational sugar analysis between week 24 to week 28 of pregnancy.

gestational diabetes risk factors

  • Excess weight before pregnancy.
  • The presence of sugar in the urine.
  • impaired glucose tolerance;
  • DNA; Like having a family history of diabetes.
  • Having a baby weighing more than 4.5 kg in a previous birth.
  • Having a stillborn child in a previous birth, or the woman suffering from gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, or suffering from an increase in fetal fluids.

Symptoms of gestational diabetes

  • Thirst and increased urination.
  • Constant fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
  • Weight loss.
  • blurred vision
  • Urinary, vaginal and skin infections occur frequently.

Methods for analyzing gestational sugar

sugar curve analysis

The analysis of the glucose curve is the most accurate, as gestational diabetes can be diagnosed by making a curve of blood sugar after fasting for eight hours, after which the pregnant woman is given a solution containing 100 g of glucose orally, and then measuring the glucose level three times, separating between every once in a while; If the blood sugar level is more than 90 mg/dL, or 175 mg/dL after an hour, 150 mg/dL after two hours, or 135 mg/dL after three hours, the woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

drink glucose solution

The pregnant woman drank a solution containing 50 grams of glucose, which is absorbed by the body within half an hour or an hour, and then took a blood sample to check the level of sugar. For at least eight hours.

Urinalysis

Urinalysis is less accurate than the previous analyzes, and is done by taking a sample of urine, and measuring the level of sugar in it; Because the body of a woman with gestational diabetes gets rid of high sugar through the urine.

Gestational diabetes symptoms video

Watch the video to learn more about the symptoms of gestational diabetes:

gestational diabetes analysis

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-12 14:54:01