Sultanate of Oman

Oman is located in the continent of Asia.[1] Its current population is 4,751,677 people on February 8, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates,[2] It shares its land borders with three countries: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates.[1] The Sultanate of Oman is also the second largest country in the Arabian Peninsula, after Saudi Arabia; Its area is estimated at 212.460 km2, and the capital of Oman is the city of Muscat. The flag of the State of Oman consists of three stripes in red, white at the top, and green at the bottom. In the upper left corner there is a sign of crossed swords, and a dagger in white, in addition to that Its religion is Islam, and its official currency is the Omani Rial.[3]

The language of the Sultanate of Oman

The people of the Sultanate of Oman speak the official language, which is Arabic. Urdu, Baluchi, and many Indian dialects exist, especially in the cities of Muscat and Muttrah. English is taught as a secondary language.[3]

Climate of the Sultanate of Oman

Oman has a hot and dry climate in the interior and humid along the coast. Where temperatures in the summer in the capital, Muscat and other coastal locations reach 43 degrees Celsius, with high humidity, and enjoy a mild winter; Where the temperature drops by an average of about 17 degrees Celsius, and the temperatures are similar in the interior, although they are more moderate in the higher elevations, and the summer monsoon winds prevail in the city of Dhofar; This makes the climate in the city of Salalah more moderate than in northern Oman, in addition to the fact that rainfall falls throughout the country, with an average annual rainfall of about 100 mm.[4]

Plants and animals of the Sultanate of Oman

The desert shrub, the common desert grass, is found in the south of the Arabian Peninsula, in addition to scattered vegetables in the interior plateau, where plants grow most in the Dhofar region; Because of the increased rainfall on it, coconuts grow in it, as frankincense grows in the hills. Many mammals live in Oman, namely: cheetah, hyena, fox, wolf, and hare, and since 2002 there have been at least 56 species of mammals, 109 species of birds, and more than 1,200 species of plants throughout the country. .[3]

the reviewer

  1. ^ AB “Where Is Oman?”,, Retrieved 14-1-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Oman Population (LIVE)”,, Retrieved 8-2-2018. Edited.
  3. ^ ABC “Oman”,, Retrieved 14-1-2018. Edited.
  4. ↑ Jill Ann Crystal, JE Peterson (11-10-2017), “Oman”,, Retrieved 14-1-2018. Edited.

General information about the Sultanate of Oman

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-23 19:15:01