Gallstones in the ureter

A ureteral stone in itself can be defined as a mineral mass found in the ureter, that is, one of the two tubes through which urine flows on its way from the kidneys to the bladder. The kidney, and then moved to the ureter, and it should be noted that if this stone is small in size, it goes through the ureter on its way out of the body without being noticed, as it does not cause any symptoms, but if it is large in size, it may settle inside The ureter, so that it obstructs the urethra, causing severe pain in the area of ​​the kidneys and lower abdomen, which may later move to the origin of the thigh, in addition to the fact that the color of urine may change to become pink, indicating that it contains blood, as a result of the body’s attempt to get rid of the stone, Urination may also become more frequent and painful, and may be accompanied by a feeling of burning, and in the event of suffering from fever and chills accompanying the previous symptoms, this indicates infection.[1]

Types of gallstones in the ureter

There are four main types of ureteral stones:[2]

  • Calcium stones: They are the most common types of stones, as these stones consist of calcium compounds, such as: calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate, and some diseases, such as: hyperparathyroidism may cause an increase in the level of calcium in the body, as an increase in the level of calcium in the body increases The possibility of infection with this type of stones.
  • Uric acid stones: These types of stones form due to the accumulation of uric acid in the body, which is one of the waste products that are eliminated through urine. In fact, there are several factors that increase the risk of these stones, such as: Exiting urine, infection with some diseases, such as: gout and Crohn’s disease, in addition to increased alcohol consumption, and a diet rich in animal protein.
  • Struvite stones: These stones form in conjunction with a urinary tract infection, so they are called infectious stones, and although the suffering of stones is more common in men in general, this type affects women who suffer from more urinary tract infection.
  • Cystine stones: People with a family history of cystinuria are more likely to develop this type of stone, because it causes an excess of cystine in the urine.

Causes of gallstones in the ureter

Although the cause of stones in the ureters is unknown, people who have a family history of this condition are more likely to form stones in their bodies, and those with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases may be more likely to develop ureteral stones. Suffering from certain metabolic disorders related to the formation of stones, as is the case in cystic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, in addition to undergoing gastric bypass surgery may contribute to the start of stone formation.[1]

Ureteral gallstone treatment

The treatment of stones in the ureter depends on the type of material that makes up the stone, the size of the stone and its location, each of which determines the possibility of passing it with urine, and on the other hand, there are several factors that affect the method of treatment followed, such as: the patient’s suffering from obesity, or taking anticoagulants, and others Among the considerations, and it should be noted that in the event of suffering from large stones that obstruct the urethra, the doctor resorts to treatment using one of the following methods:[3]

  • Shockwave lithotripsy.
  • Ureteroscopy.
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (percutaneous nephrolithotomy).

the reviewer

  1. ^ a b “Ureter Stones”, www.cedars-sinai.edu, Retrieved 1-2-2019. Edited
  2. ↑ “Types of Kidney and Urteral Stones”, www.beaumont.org, Retrieved 1-2-2019. Edited
  3. ↑ “Ureteral Stones: Management and Treatment”, my.clevelandclinic.org, 9-18-2017, Retrieved 1-2-2019. Edited

Gallstones in the ureter

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-20 07:18:01