United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates became independent on December 2, 1971, as this date was the beginning of its founding. The United Arab Emirates consists of seven emirates united together, namely Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah, and Fujairah. The UAE is one of the leading countries in the field of economy and security, as it is known for its great social diversity. The union of the seven Emirates dates back to the era in which Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was elected ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi by the rulers of the six Emirates as the first president of the United Arab Emirates before It will be announced that the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah will join this union later, so that Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan will continue as a ruler until his death in 1990 AD, and the late Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum was elected as Vice President at the time.[1]

The UAE is desert in nature, characterized by high temperatures, which makes it one of the most important tourist destinations in the winter period thanks to the lack of rainfall and its bright sun most of the year, and the period from November to April is one of the best and most enjoyable times. To visit this country, where the weather is moderate, and temperatures range between twenty-four degrees Celsius during the day and thirteen degrees Celsius at night.[2]

Abu Dhabi geography

The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is the largest emirate in the United Arab Emirates. It occupies 84% ​​of the total area of ​​the country. It has 200 islands and a long coastline extending 700 km, which constitutes a total area equal to 67,340 km 2. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is located on the coast of the Arabian Gulf. It is bordered to the east by the Sultanate of Oman, to the south and west by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to the northeast by the Emirate of Dubai, and the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is the federal capital of the United Arab Emirates. About 2,908,173 people, where the average population growth was observed from 2010 to 2016, and it was 5.6%.[3]

Abu Dhabi history

Evidence indicates that there was no social life in the city of Abu Dhabi before 1716 AD, the year in which the Bedouin tribe of Bani Yas, who lived on the coast, inhabited the Abu Dhabi region after discovering the habitats of fresh water, the fertility of the region, and the abundance of wildlife there. Soon the Al Nahyan family also moved to the island, and the city of Abu Dhabi developed greatly during the rule of Sheikh Zayed bin Khalifa, thanks to this development in the beginning of the pearl trade, which did not continue due to the development of the Japanese pearl industry, and the global economic crisis, until oil was discovered there In 1958 AD, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and the President of the United Arab Emirates since 2004 AD.[4][5]

The Emirate of Abu Dhabi was called by this name, in relation to an abyss, who led a tribe to an island that contains fresh water. The people of this tribe built huts of palm fronds, the number of which did not exceed 300, to develop this island with time, and the population of it gradually increased until it reached what is It is now, and the city of Abu Dhabi today is the capital of the United Arab Emirates with civilization, high-rise buildings, and many tourist attractions.[6]

Some of the main areas in Abu Dhabi

eye area

This word means spring, and the city of Al Ain is the cultural center of the United Arab Emirates, and it is the birthplace of President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Al Ain has a population of 600,000 people, making it the second largest city in Abu Dhabi, and the fourth largest city in the Emirates. It is worth noting that the city of Al Ain is located 130 kilometers from the capital city of Abu Dhabi.[7]

Al Dhafra Region

The city of Al Dhafra has been inhabited by humans for more than 150,000 years, and this city is very rich in oil and gas reserves. The 2013 census of about 301,000 people, 10% of whom are local Emirati residents, and 90% are non-Emiratis, coming from different countries.[8]

The most important tourist attractions in Abu Dhabi

Louvre Abu Dhabi Museum

The Louvre Abu Dhabi was established with the support of the France Museums Agency, which brought together seventeen of the most famous cultural institutions in France, which was after France and the United Arab Emirates met to develop a new type of cultural institution in 2007 AD, and tourists frequent this museum Which is a cultural beacon that sheds light on the common stories of humanity greatly, as the Louvre Museum supports human cultural achievements, from prehistoric times to the present day. The museum aims to encourage its visitors to learn, curiosity, and self-reflection.[9]

Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque

It is a prominent Islamic edifice in the United Arab Emirates, located in the city of Abu Dhabi, and the mosque is characterized by its large area, as it can accommodate about 40,000 visitors and worshipers, and the mosque includes one of the largest chandeliers in the world, in addition to the largest handmade carpet in the world. The domes decorated with cursive verses in the magnificent golden color are one of the manifestations of beauty in it, in addition to the surrounding reflecting water basins that adorn its courtyards. These basins were also provided with a night lighting system that simulates moonlight, while the designers who worked on the design of this unique mosque were inspired by parts of Some Islamic countries such as Turkey, Morocco, Pakistan, Egypt, and other countries.[10]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Formation of the Federation”, www.government.ae, 19-5-2019, Retrieved 22-5-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “About UAE”, www.sai.gov.ae, Retrieved 22-5-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ “About Abu Dhabi”, www.government.ae, 27-4-2019, Retrieved 22-5-2019. Edited.
  4. ↑ “History”, www.lonelyplanet.com.
  5. ↑ “Abu Dhabi”, www.britannica.com. Edited.
  6. ↑ “EXPLORE THE CAPITAL”, www.visitabudhabi.ae, Retrieved 22-5-2019. Edited.
  7. ↑ “Al Ain”, www.uaeu.ac.ae, Retrieved 22-5-2019. Edited.
  8. ↑ “Plan Al Dhafra”, www.dpm.gov.abudhabi, Retrieved 23-5-2019. Edited.
  9. ↑ “LOUVRE ABU DHABI”, www.louvreabudhabi.ae, Retrieved 23-5-2019. Edited.
  10. ↑ “SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE”, www.visitabudhabi.ae, Retrieved 23-5-2019. Edited.

Emirate of Abu Dhabi