Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is the best way to provide the infant with all the nutrients he needs to grow in a healthy manner, as mothers need full knowledge and support from the family and the community, and every mother can breastfeed her child, and breastfeeding must begin within the first hour after childbirth, and in this case, he has the mother’s milk Colostrum is a yellowish color and a sticky texture called colostrum, and it is considered an ideal food for the newborn. Breastfeeding can contribute to preventing pregnancy, but this depends on the number of times the child is breastfed, and his age, as pregnancy can occur for some women during this period.[1][2]

Breastfeeding during pregnancy

The mother can continue to breastfeed her child if pregnancy occurs if she is in good health, as some mothers fear that the food they eat is insufficient to nourish the fetus and produce milk at the same time, but a balanced and healthy diet helps in this, and you also need to drink good quantities of fluids, and you must take into account that breastfeeding and pregnancy require energy, and therefore it is advised to monitor her food, and take enough rest, and on the other hand, there are some changes that may occur during pregnancy and the mother must pay attention to them; Including the following:[2][3][4]

  • Breast softness: Milk production can decrease slightly during pregnancy, and the nipples and breasts become softer, and if the mother feels uncomfortable in this case, she can wean her child.
  • Milk: The taste of milk can start to differ after the first months of pregnancy, especially in the last stages when it begins to turn into colostrum, and this milk is less sweet and saltier as a result of its high sodium content. automatic.
  • Oxytocin hormone: stimulating the nipples resulting from breastfeeding leads to stimulating the body to secrete the hormone oxytocin, which increases milk secretion, and it also plays a role in contractions that occur during childbirth, which increases the mother’s concern about the possibility of premature birth due to this hormone, but it is worth It should be noted that the amount of oxytocin that is secreted during lactation is small, and is not enough to stimulate labor in normal conditions, but it can affect women who are exposed to premature birth.
  • Tandem breastfeeding: which means breastfeeding the older child with the new baby, and this can be done if the mother follows a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Weaning: The doctor may advise weaning the child if the mother is exposed to one of the following conditions:
  • Health problems: If the mother suffers from diabetes, anemia, or follows a vegetarian diet, it is best for her to consult a doctor or nutritionist to make sure that she is taking the nutrients and calories she needs for pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • The mother’s feeling of exhaustion: It is normal for a nursing woman to feel exhausted, especially with the hormonal changes that accompany pregnancy, so she is advised to rest, and to sit and raise her feet while breastfeeding her child, and she can take a nap when the child sleeps, and to monitor her meals.
  • Pregnancy with twins or more.
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • The mother is not gaining a healthy weight.
  • If her pregnancy is dangerous.
  • If you have had a previous miscarriage or premature birth.

Benefits of breastfeeding

Breast milk contains quantities of nutrients suitable for the child, and is easy to digest, and many studies have indicated the benefits of breastfeeding, including the following:[5]

  • Breast milk contains all the elements that a child needs until the age of six months, and its composition can change according to the changing needs of the child in the first months.
  • Breast milk contains antibodies that are important to fight viruses and bacteria, and protect the baby from getting sick.
  • Breastfeeding promotes healthy infant weight gain, and prevents childhood obesity, and breast-fed children have a higher proportion of leptin compared to children fed formula milk, and leptin is an important hormone for appetite regulation and fat storage.
  • Breastfeeding can affect a child’s brain development and can help prevent any behavioral problems or learning difficulties.
  • Breastfeeding can help the mother lose weight after the first three months of breastfeeding, but losing weight during these three months is more difficult.
  • It helps reduce blood loss in the mother after childbirth, and also contributes to the return of the uterus to its normal size, because natural childbirth stimulates the secretion of oxytocin, which increases uterine contractions.
  • Breastfeeding reduces the mother’s risk of postpartum depression, because the hormone oxytocin increases relaxation and the bond between mother and child, and motivates the mother to give care to her child.
  • Breastfeeding for more than a year reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer by 28%, and can reduce the mother’s risk of many other diseases.
  • Relying on only breastfeeding can help reduce the risk of a child developing many diseases, including the following:
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • Allergy.
  • Wheat allergy (in English: Celiac disease).
  • Inflammation of the middle ear.
  • Respiratory infection.
  • Infections and colds.
  • Inflammatory bowel.
  • Intestinal tissue damage.
  • Sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Pediatric leukemia.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Breastfeeding”, www.who.int, Retrieved 8-19-2018. Edited.
  2. ^ AB Donna Murray (13-4-2018), “Breastfeeding During Pregnancy”, www.verywellfamily.com, Retrieved 19-8-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ “Nursing During Pregnancy”, www.healthychildren.org,11-2-2009, Retrieved 19-8-2018. Edited.
  4. ↑ Jan Barger, “Is it safe to breastfeed during pregnancy?”, www.babycenter.com, Retrieved 19-8-2018. Edited.
  5. ↑ Adda Bjarnadottir (1-6-2017), “11 Benefits of Breastfeeding for Both Mom and Baby”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 19-8-2018. Edited.

Does pregnant mother’s milk harm the baby?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-22 07:39:01